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Annals of Emporia 

and 

Lyon County.., 

i857='82. 



JACOB STOTLER. 



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OF 



Emporia and Lyon County- 



HISTORICAL INCIDENTS OF THE FIRST 
QUARTER OF A CENTURY. 



1857 to 1882. 



By JACOB STOTLER. 



EMPORIA, KANSAS. 



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EX-SENATOR P. B. PLUMB. 



The Annals presents pictures ot ex- 
Senator Preston B. Plumb and of the 
home of his family. The latter building 
Avas completed after the Senator's death, 
and in it dwells the family, except young 
Preston, who is temporarily absent at 
school. 

Mr. Plumb's career in Kansas is so well 
known that there is little use for a histor- 
ical writing here. He came here in 1S57 
and helped locate the town, and started 
its first newspaper, The Emporia Nezvs. 
He was intimately associated with the 
town as long as he lived. He had been 
reared in Ohio and learned the printer's 
trade. At the age of eighteen years he 
■was one of the editors and proprietors 
of the Xenia (Ohio) N'czvs, and before he 
was twenty he had established his Empo- 
jia paper. When he was twenty-five he 
was a member of the Kansas house of 
representatives and chairman of its iu- 
<iiciary committee. He left the newspa- 
per in 1S59, and went to law school. Re- 
luming here in 1861, he opened a law of- 
fice, after a brief trial at editorial work 
A^^ain. He had but just started fairly 



when he enlisted in the army, where he 
served over three years. Returning 
from the army, he again threw all his 
power and energy into the law practice, 
and the firm of Ruggles «& Plumb had, in 
a remarkably short time, a practice ex- 
celled by only one firm in the state. He 
next became president of the Emporia 
National bank. At the sessions of the 
house of representatives in 1S67 and 1S6S 
he was again a member of that body, the 
first time as its speaker. In 1S77 he was 
elected United States senator, and was 
re-elected in 1SS3 ^"'^ •" 1SS9. He made 
his best reputation as senator by his un- 
tiring devotion to the interests of his con- 
stituents. The death of no public man 
from Kansas was ever so generally and 
sincerely regretted and mourned as that 
of this citizen of Emporia. Mr. Plumb 
was a complete success in life in all his 
undertakings. He had great industry and 
power, and when necessary these were 
exerted to the fullest extent for the ac- 
complishment of his objects, and he 
scarcely knew there was a word called 
"fail." His great usefulness was life- 
long. 



ANNALS OF EMPORIA AND LYON COUNTS'. 



The Start. 

In a year near the middle of the 
present century, Emporia and Lyon 
county began existence. In Kansas 
they have both made a record such 
as the citizens are proud of. The 
events of their earlier history are 
passing into the dim shades of the 
past. In a few more years there 
will be no living witness to record 
the story of the early life of the 
town and county. It is to relate this 
story in its purity and correctness 
that this book is undertaken by 
one who was an actor in the events 
which make the narrative of this 
more than interesting community. 
Commencing forty-one years ago 
with no capital but raw, rich prai- 
rie and stout hearts and willing 
hands, there is now to show for 
their work a city and county which 
can compare favorably with any of 
like advantages in the country. 
Perhaps it is too much to claim for 
this production the name history. 
It simply tells of the start and re- 
lates the annals of our progress. 
Call it what you please, it is be- 
lieved by the writer that it ought 
to be written and printed while yet 
the facts are comparatively fresh. 
We trust the task is not a thankless 
one but will be acceptable to all. 



Emporia was located in February, 
1S57, in what was then Breckin- 
ridge county, by Preston B. Plumb, 
G. W. Brown, Geo. W. Deitzler, 
Lyman Allen, and Columbus 
Hornsby, the last four of Lawrence. 
This section of the Neosho country 
had not begun to attract general 
attention until that year. But the 
spring had scarcely opened until the 
people began to come in large num- 
bers. It is estimated that two 
thousand inhabitants were added to 
the sparce settlements that year. 
The broad, unbroken prairies along 
the streams oflered inducements to 
those who sought to establish them- 
selves in new homes, that were ir- 
resistible, and those who came were 
at once converted into enthusiastic 
friends of Kansas. They entered 
on the vyork of breaking the soil 
and building houses, and the energy 
and industry displayed were but an 
earnest of what they intended to 
make of the new country. 
The First Settlers. 
Charles H. Withington, at the 
time of his death, was the oldest 
settler in this county. He located 
on the old Santa Fe trail in June, 
1854. Oliver Phillips, of Duck 
creek, thought he was next to the 
oldest settler in the county. He 



O ANNALS OF EMPORIA AND LYON COUNTY. 

made his claim on 142 creek, the after whom the creek of that name 
second day of April, 1855. In 1S57 is called, Moses Puckett, Silas 
he sold this claim and moved to Howell, D. Roth, Isaac Cox, Eli 
Duck creek. Christopher Ward Davis. Curtis Hiatt, Andrew Hin- 
made his settlement the next day shaw, W.J. Carney, Milton Cham- 
on 142 creek. J. S. Pigman came ness, N. Lockerman, P. W. Man- 
about the same time. In 1857 he ning, Mr. Taylor, for whom Taylor 
was keeping a store at Columbia. creek was named, S. G. Brown, 
Ira and Abner Hadley, Charles Mr. Lowrey and the Rinkers, com- 
Tohnson, and James H. Pheanis set- pose the list of the names of all that 
tied on the Cottonwood in May, we have been able to obtain. 
1855. About the same time David Thomas Armor settled first in 
Vangundy and John Rosenquist Osage county in 1855, and moved 
made their settlements, the first to the Neosho early in 18157. 
on the Cottonwood, just above the The only mail received by the peo- 
junction, and the other below. pie at first came from the office at 
Joseph Moon made settlement on Withington's, which was the first 
his place that spring. Rev. Thos. and only office in the county in 
J. Addis and family took a claim 185^56. The mail was brought to 
near the junction of the Neoslio and Withington's on the Santa Fe 
Cottonwood, early in 1855. A Mr. stages. Mr. Ira Hadley went to 
Cottingham also settled that spring Withington's on horseback and 
near the junction. The same year carried the mail down to the set- 
Lorenzo Dow and R. H. Abraham tiers on the Neosho and Cotton - 
settled on Dow creek, Wm. Grims- wood, receiving from them his pay 
ley and Thos. Shockley on Allen for this work. The provisions for 
creek, Joseph Hadley, Wm. H. the settlers were hauled from Kan- 
Pikenbery and Joel Haworth on sas City, at that time a straggling 
the Cottonwood, west of Emporia, village. There was much suft^ering 
Dr. Gregg, Mr. Carver, James Hen- and piivation among these pioneers 
dricks, and two or three families during those two years. At the 
named Conner, near the junction; election held for delegate to con- 
Albert Watkinson 142, John Fowl- gress, on the ninth day of October, 
er and his sons, on the Cottonwood 1S55, twenty votes were polled at 
below Emporia, and G. D. Hum- Columbia, the only voting precinct 
phrey and Lemuel H. Johnson, on at that time in Madison county. At 
the Neosho above Emporia. In this election James H. Pheanis was 
1856 the settlements did not pro- chosen a member of the Topeka 
gress much, owing to the troubles constitutional convention from the 
in the territory. Chas. N. Link si.Kth (tistrict. 

came here from Douglass county. On the night of the fourteenth of 

where he had located in 1854. Elihu September, 1856, an event happened 

and James Newlin, Sol. Pheanis, in the new settlement which will be 



ANNALS OK K.MI'OKIA AM> LVON COUNTY. 7 

always remembered by those who Allen a call, and carried off and 

were then here, and by some of destroyed everything he had, 

them with sorrow. The settlement amountino: to over $3,000. 

about the junction and below there 

1 , 1 r 1 Organization. 

was largely composed of pro-slav- 

ery men. One of them, a Mr. Gregg, This county was originally 
kept a stoie on or near the present named in honor of Vice President 
site of Neosho Raj^ids. A gang of Breckinridge. After the war be- 
robbers, under the name of Free gan a change of name was suggest- 
State men, mostly from Topeka, and ed. Accordingly, at the session of 
said to be led by Captain John E. the state legislature in 1862, the 
Cook, who was afterwards hung at name was changed to Lyon, in hon- 
Harper's Ferry, came to rob this or of the noble hero, General Na- 
store and others in this region. thaniel Lyon. Breckinridge coun- 
After they had robbed Mr. Gregg, tv was bounded, with thirty-three 
they went to the house of a Mr. others, by an act of what is known 
Carver, near by, and demanded ad- as the '' Bogus legislature," at its 
mission. This was refused, when session in 185^ Its territory was 
shots were tired into the building, originally twenty-four miles square, 
one of them taking effect in Mrs. the south boundary being one-half 
Carver's side, from which she died. mile south of the Emporia townsite. 
She was the daughter of David A struggle was at once commenceii, 
Vangundy, who lived in the vicini after the settlements of 18:57 to de- 
ty. Word rapidly spread among tach a strip of three miles in width 
the settlers that the robbers were in from the north of Madison count}' 
the community, and created great and attach it to this county in order 
consternation. They put them- to take into Breckinridge the set- 
selves in the best possible shape by tlements along the Cottonwood 
hiding all their money and valua- river. The possession of the "three- 
bles, and by gathering into clusters mile strip" became the "leading is- 
at certain points for defense, it is sue" in our politics. At the session 
related that Jonath.an Pierce, who of the territorial legislature in 1859 
lived on a claim on the Cottonwood a bill was passed making the 
above the junction, hid away in the change. A move was soon after 
earth .|i,ooo in gold, which he was made by the people living in the 
never afterwards able to find. The northern half of Madison county to 
robbers threatened the store of Mr. attach twelve miles more of that 
Simcock, at Columbia, but the set- county to Breckinridge. This re- 
tlers were ready and they did not suited in the passage of a law to 
give him a call. They came up that effect at the last session of the 
toward where Emporia now stands territorial legislature, in 1S61, 
and passed north. Next day they Some resistance was made to this 
gave C. H. VVithington's store at law, as it destroyed Madison coun- 



8 



ANNALS OF EMPORIA AND LYON COUNTY. 



ty entirely and its county seat, El- 
mendaro, attaching the southern 
half to Greenwood county. An 
appeal was made to the supreme 
court of the state soon after our 
admission into the Union. The 
court sustained the legality of the 
law, and so Madison county was no 
more. This addition to our terri- 



tory made Lyon county thirty-nine 
miles long. At the legislative ses- 
sion of 1863 a law was passed de- 
taching from Lyon county two 
miles in width of territory on the 
west side, from the south line of 
our county as far north as the north 
line of Chase county, which was the 
line between ranges 17 and 18, and 




-'-' "^^ir'-TOiSai*?^^^^-^^ 






KANSAS STATE NORMAL SCHOOL. 



The history of the State Normal School 
forms an important part of the history of 
Emporia and the state. To those famil- 
iar with its early struggles, its present 
splendid equipment, its widely extended 
influence, its high rank among institu- 
tions of like character, and its enroll- 
ment, larger than that of any similar 
school in the United States, are sources 
of especial pride. The act to establish, 
locate, and endow the State Normal 
School at Emporia, was approved March 
3, 1863; an act providing for its organi- 
zation followed, February 16, 1S64; under 
the provisions of this act, the first board 
of regents, consisting of the governor, 
state treasurer, state superintendent, and 
six persons appointed by the governor, 
organized in Emporia, December S, 1S64. 
Governor Thomas Carney was made 
president of the board and the Rev. G. 
C. Morse, secretary. Messrs. Morse, 



Eskridge and Rogers were made the 
executive committee, with authority to 
employ a principal. 

February 15, 1865, the school opened 
with eighteen students in the upper room 
of the Constitution street school building 
belonging to the city of Emporia. The 
principal and only teacher was Professor 
L. B. Kellogg, a graduate of the Illinois 
State Normal University. Before the 
close of the year the number in attend- 
ance had increased to forty-two, and 
when President Kellogg resigned in 1871, 
it had increased to two hundred and fif- 
teen. Professor H. B. Norton was soon 
associated with the principal in the con- 
duct of the school, and, later. Miss Abbie 
G. Homer, Mrs. G. H. Gorham, Miss 
Mary R. Pitman, Mrs. A. M. Philbrick. 
The first class was graduated June 28, 
1S67, and its two members, Mary J. Wat- 
son and Ellen Plumb, were soon after 



ANNALS OF EMTOKIA AND LYON COLNTV. 



added to the teaching force of the school. 
January 2, 1S67, the building erected by 
the state for the use of the school at an 
expense of ten thousand dollars, was ded- 
icated with addresses by Principal Kel- 
logg and President J. W. Horner, of 
Baker University. 

In September, 187 1, Dr. Geo. W. Hoss, 
ex-state superintendent of public instruc- 
tion of Indiana, assumed the duties of 
president, most of the teachers serving 
with him being also new. The most not- 
able event in his administration was the 
erection of a new building for which the 
state appropriated fifty thousand dollars, 
conditioned on not less than ten thousand 
dollars to be provided by the city of Em- 
poria. The building was dedicated June 
16, 1S73. Owing to want of harmony in 
the faculty, an almost complete change 
in the teaching force was made at the 
close of the school year, 1S72-73. A few 
months later, Dr. Hoss resigned, and was 
succeeded January i, 1874, by the Rev. C. 
R. Pomeroy, D. D., who continued in 
charge of the school till August, 1879. 
The early part of Dr. Pomeroy's admin- 
istration was marked by a revision and 
extension of the course of study and a 
rapid increase in the number of students; 
but a combination of adverse circum- 
stances made the years from 1876 to 1S79 
a period of "storm and stress." Unfort- 
unate dissensions in the faculty, the fail- 
ure of appropriations in the legislature of 
1S76 for all normal school work under 
state support, the embezzlement of funds 
arising from the sale of lands by the 
agent of the board, difficulties growing 
out of local feeling, and the culminating 
calamity, the complete destruction by 
fire, October 26, 1878, of the two buildings 
belonging to the school, not only serious- 
ly crippled its work, but for a time im- 
perilled its very existence. During these 
years. Doctor Pomeroy and his assistants 
carried on the work of the school under 
authority of the board, without income 
other than the proceeds of tuitions, and 
under ditficulties that made the struggle 
seem heroic. 

After the fire the school was carried on 



for a time in the^'Normal boarding hall.-," 
then the property of the city, and provis- 
ion was made by appropriation from the 
state and city for the erection of a new 
building almost the counterpart of the 
main building that had been burned. 
Doctor Pomeroy resigned in August, 1S79, 
and was succeeded by R. B. Welch, a 
graduate of the Illinois Wesleyan Uni- 
versity, a hopeful, vigorous and energetic 
man. From the beginning of his admin- 
istration to the present time the history 
of the school has been one of continuous 
and almost unprecedented growth. The 
state was entering upon a new career of 
prosperity, and the school has more than 
kept pace with its development. The new 
building was first used by the school May 
II, iSSo. President Welch closed his 
connection with the institution in June, 
1SS2, when there was graduated a class of 
fortv-four members, more than twice the 
number of any class in the previous his- 
tory of the school. 

The term of service of President A. R. 
Taylor, who began his work in the fall of 
18S2, in every department has been one 
continuous chapter of marvelous growth. 
In attendance, the catalogue of 1S81-S2 
shows an enrollment of four hundred 
and two, the figures designating hun- 
dreds have increased by one in every year 
since that time; there were then seven 
teachers; there are now nineteen heads 
of departments, and assistants in various 
departments increasing the number to 
fortv; the library and all appliances for 
instruction have increased in like propor- 
tion; the value of the property now be- 
longing to the school, including build- 
ings, grounds, apparatus, library, and the 
cash investment of two hundred seventy 
thousand dollars realized from the 
landed endowment, approximates a half 
million dollars. The enrollment of stu- 
dents for the last school year was one 
thousand eight hundred and one and for 
the current year will approach two thous- 
and. The standards of requirement and 
the course ot study have been materially 
strengthened, and in all educational cir- 
cles throughout the land the school has a 



lO 



ANNALS OF EMPORIA AND LYON COUNTY 



Tecognized place among the first. About 
eleven hundred diplomas have been issued 
up to the present time, and in every 
phase of educational activity, Kansas 
Normal School graduates are found doing 
worthy work. 

Among the noteworthy events that have 
occurred in the last fifteen years are, the 
abolition of the two year or common 
school course in 1884, the addition to the 
endowment fund of the twelve "salt 
spring" sections in 1S86, the quarter cen- 
tennial celebration at the commence- 
ment of 18S9, at which time a history of 
the school up to that date was published, 
the establishment of the Normal School 
^tiarterly, (now Mofithly) in 1889, the 
organization and continuance for the 
past eight years, of summer sessions, the 
completion and dedication, September 4, 



1894, of the present east wing and assem- 
bly room, called by the regents, Albert 
Taylor Hall. In this condensed sketch 
no attempt has been made to speak of 
the valuable legislative service of those 
who, from time to time, have represented 
this district in the senate and house of 
representatives of the state; nor the debt 
of acknowledgement due to successive 
boards of regents, because of wise and 
careful administration in critical periods 
in the school's history; nor of the per- 
sonal services and merits of individual 
members of the faculty who have contrib- 
uted to the realization of so high an 
ideal ; much of this will ever be unwritten 
history, yet not unknown nor unappre- 
ciated by the thousands who have been 
blessed through the influence of the 
school. 



attaching it to Chase county. In 
1864 an act was passed detaching 
two miles in width of territory, on 
the west line of our county, from 
the line between ranges 17 and iS 
to the north line of the county, and 
attaching the same to Morris coun- 
ty, thus straightening the west line 
of the county, and leaving it twen- 
ty-two miles wide. It contains S58 
square miles, or 549,978 acres of 
land. 

By act of the legislature ot 1S55 
Breckinridge was attached to Mad- 
ison county for all "civil, criminal 
and military purposes." Columbia, 
which was located at what is now 
known as old Columbia ford, a 
mile and a half southeast of Empo- 
ria, was declared the county seat of 
Madison county, "until the end of 
the session of the next legislature." 
The corporators of this town were 
Charles H. Withington, T. S. Huf- 
faker and William D. Harris. The 



corporators never even so much as 
organized, so far as we are able to 
learn. The town site was, in 1857, 
taken by claimants and pre-empted 
by them. The law provided for 
the election of two commissioners, 
who should be associated with the 
probate judge, and thus constitute 
the board of county commissioners. 
The officers were to be elected by 
the legislature, so, also, was the 
sheriff, and they were to hold their 
offices until the general election for 
members of the legislature in i8!:;7. 
The board of commissioners had 
power t© appoint a clerk, treasurer, 
coroner, justices of the peace and 
constables. On the twenty-fifth of 
August, 1855, the legislature elect- 
ee! the following officers for Breck- 
inridge county : Probate judge, T. 
S. Huffaker ; commissioners, Har- 
mon B. Elliott and Charles H. 
Withington; sheriff', John B. Fore- 
man. John Ratliff was appointed 



ANNALS OK EMI'ORIA AND LVON COUNTY. 



I r 



county clerk. These were the Hrst 
officers of what is now Lyon coun- 
ty. It not being a very arduous 
task at that time to take care of the 
public funds, no treasurer was ap- 
pointed. This board of commis- 
sioners held several sessions at Co- 
lumbia, until the troubles of 1856 
commenced, when, owing to this 
cause and the great distance they 
lived from the county seat, their 
meetings ceased. At the election 
in 1855, C. H. Withington was 
elected to the territorial council, and 
Arthur I. Baker to the house. They 
were free-state men, and neither got 
their seats. On the seventeenth day 
of February, 1857, Arthur I. Baker, 
of Agnes City, was elected probate 
judge; C. Columbia and C. H. 
Withington, commissioners ; and 
Elisha Goddard, sheriff, by the leg- 
islature, in which body Solomon G. 
Brown and George H. Reese rep- 
resented the county. At the same 
time Breckinridge was detached 
from Madison county, and Agnes 
City, the residence of the probate 
judge, was declared the county seat. 
From the above it will be seen 
that what is now Lyon countv was 
first organized in 185^. This or- 
ganization was made under what 
is known as the "bogus statutes" 
— that is, the code of laws enact- 
ed by the legislature elected by 
Missouri votes, by an actual inva- 
sion from that state on election 
day for the purpose of controll- 
ing our elections. A consider- 
able proportion of that body of law- 
makers were actual residents of 
Missouri at the time thev exercised 



the functions of members of the leg- 
islature of Kansas. Under these 
circumstances the laws they enacted 
were obnoxious to the people, and 
they openly repudiated them by 
refusing in every way to recognize 
them. There was, consequently, 
little legal business done, and the 
offices were empty honors. Until a 
legislature chosen by the people of 
Kansas could meet and repeal these 
bogus statutes, which was done at 
the session of 1859, a lawsuit of any 
kind was of rare occurrence in 
Breckinridge county. 

The bogus statutes of 1855, ^" 
section 3, chapter 41, tixed terms of 
the United States district court for 
Breckinridge county, for 1856, and 
every year thereafter, on the third 
Mondays of July and December. 
The next section of the same law 
fixed the terms of the court for 1855 
in Breckinridge, on the second 
Thursday of October, and in the 
county of Madison on the third 
Thursday of October. Saunders 
W. Johnson was the judge of the 
third district, and came down here 
once or twice, we have heard, to 
have court, but we believe no ses- 
sion was held by him in those years. 
In fact, there was no term of this 
court, so far as we can learn, until 
the third Monday ( twentieth ) of 
December. 1858. Notice was given 
September 4, by Judge Elmore, 
who succeeded Johnson, that it 
would meet at that date at Agnes 
City. Before the day came, how- 
ever, an election had been held for 
a county seat, and a majority of the 
voters had declared for Americus, 



12 



ANNALS OF EMPORIA AND LYON COUNTY. 



SO that this term of the court, the 
first in the county, was held there, 
instead of at Agnes City. It 
lasted but two days. The granci 
jury found twenty indictments, 
mostly for trespass on school lands. 
We append a list of the men who 
composed the grand and petit ju- 
ries at this session : 

Grand Jurors. — R. W. Cloud, William 
Wendell, Robert Best, Oliver Phillips, 
J. O. Hyde, William Perry, G. M. Walker, 
Leigh McCIung, Dempsey Elliott, Geo. 
Reese, John Connor, William McCul- 
lough, Mr. Morgan, Matthew McCor- 
mick, James Jackson, Mr. Moon (proba- 
bly Joseph), George Sea, William C. An- 
derson, G. B. Griffith. 

Petit Jurors. — C. F. Oakfield, R. W. 
Stevenson, William J. Carney, Van R. 
Holmes. E. P. Bancroft, Zimri Stubbs, 
E. Yeakley, William McClelland, Benja- 
min Wright, C. H. Dake, Fleming Smith, 
R. H. Best, Albert Watkins, John Way- 
man, Leonard Bush, John Lohr, Mathias 
Friel, David Riddle, N. W. Douglas, 
Eli Davis, Samnel McVey, David Roth, 
George W. Evans, William Holsinger. 

First Boom. 

It was in 18^7 that the country 
received its first rush of settlers. 
Emporia at once began to grow and 
attract trade. Fortunately its af- 
fairs fell into the hands of a lot of 
energetic young men, who came to 
lay all on the altar for the town. 
Mr. Plumb came in May of that 
year with a printing office. A man 
visited the office and said to him, 
"You had better have brought a 
load of horse-shoe nails than those 
little things," meaning the type. 
On the sixth of June, 1857, the first 
issue of the Emporia News was 
made. There were then two build- 



ings in the town partly completed, 
and one of them occupied, besides 
the unfinished hotel in which the 
Nexvs was printed. We copy the 
following from the salutatory of 
the young editor, which shows what 
the paper was to be politically : 

"Standing on the broad principles of 
Humanity and Freedom we shall not 
cease to strike at oppression in whatever 
form or wherever it may be found. We 
admit of no middle ground between right 
and wrong — no compromise with evil; 
and we shall act with no party that has 
not universal Freedom inscribed on its 
banners. The struggle now going on 
between freedom and slavery is a death 
one. One or the other must succumb. 
The agitation of this question will not 
and should not stop until every bonds- 
man is made free, or until every poor 
man, white or black, is made a slave. 
This is the alternative presented. Be- 
lieving this, we shall never cease our 
warfare with slavery." 

The first number advertised the 
advantages of Emporia, and called 
for a school teacher and mechanics 
of all kinds. Hornsby & Fick were 
merchants and N. S. Storrs had 
"just opened a large stock of dry 
goods, groceries," etc. John Ham- 
mond was running the Emporia 
house. C. F. Oakfield was civil en- 
gineer and surveyor. He was sur- 
veying the town when we came 
here. C. V. Eskridge was general 
land agent. James H. Holmes had 
lost a pony and wanted it returned. 
Most of the advertising space was 
taken by Lawrence merchants. 

James B. Cox set up the first 
blacksmith shop in the broiling sun 
on Sixth avenue, near where At- 
yeo's meat market now stands. 



ANNALS OF KMl'ORIA AND I-YON COINTV. 



13 



The tlrst religious services held 
here were in tlie office of the old 
hotel, on the First National bank 
corner, by Rev. Moves, of the M. 
E. church. 

Mrs. J. H. Clapp was the first 
lady resident of Emporia and kept 
boarders in the Hrst building on the 
townsite, which stood on the north- 
west corner of Commercial and 
Sixth streets. 



The first sa wmills in this section 
were those of Dr. Armor, across the 
Neosho, and Parham & Phelps in 
the ravine, just north of the present 
Normal building. 

The first physician here was Dr. 
C. C. Slocum. He disappeared 
during the war. 

The Hrst death recorded here was 
that of Joseph Patterson, who came 
from Ontario, New York. 




fcJssa^^j 



J&ttt 



^^^. "^^ 





G. W. NEWMAN'S RESIDENCE. 



The above shows one of the largest 
and handsomest homes in Emporia, that 
of George VV. Newman, the town's lead- 
ing merchant. It stands on Twelfth av- 
enue, the Euclid of Emporia, and was 
erected in 189::. In 1S69 there was a 
Newman cV Bro. store here, and George 
W. was the brother. That year, when he 
was nineteen years old, he came here 
from his home in Maine and took a hand 
in running the establishment. In 1S71 
he became the sole proprietor, and from 
that day to this the concern has been one 



continued success, until Mr. Newman 
has turned out a handsome fortune which 
runs into the hundreds ot thousands. 
His establishment has been a constant 
matter of pride to the city, and has drawn 
trade to Emporia from a large scope of 
country, and has been an immense bene- 
fit to our commercial interests outside of 
the store itself. Mr. Newman's success 
has come through a knowledge ot his 
calling, his energy and enterprise, and 
through most careful attention to the du- 
ties of his business. 



14 



ANNALS OF EMPORIA AND LYON COUNTY 




P.?ESIDENT A, R. TAYLOR. 

A. R. Taylor has been in |Einporta six 
teen years, all the time as president of the 
Staie Normal School. Its continued suc- 
cess stamps the man as an eminent man- 
ager of such an institution. Before com- 
ing here he was in mercantile and manu- 
facturing lines. But it was fortunate he 
changed his business, and has been ex- 
tremely fortunate for the Kansas State 
Normal School that he was secured as 
president of the institution. 

Residence of W. T. Soden— See page 3. 

The Soden grounds and buildings are 
the most interesting in Southern Kan- 
sas. We think the grove fully as hand- 
some as the Chautauqua park at Ottawa. 
The mill was completed in 1S62, and the 
residence soon atter. Here Mr. Soden 
has lived for over thirty-five years, and 
established one of the best and most pros- 
perous factories in the state, as well as 
one of the most valuable properties. He 
commenced in this county in the spring 
of 1S57, and enjoys a well-earned fortune. 
His success here is an example of what 
hard work, energy and a practical know- 
ledge of his business will do for a man. 



Dan Hammond was the first boy 
in Emporia. As we remember, he 
"filled the bill" in good shape till 
other boys arrived. 

The first accident, was the killing 
at Columbia ford of Joseph R. Cole, 
whosCjhoise fell upon him. 

John M. Walker was the first 
child born in Emporia. He was 
raised in Emporia and Lawrence. 
He was the son of G. M. Walker, 
the well known railroad engineer. 

J. V. Randolph claims that he 
and Anna M. Watson, daughter of 
the late Judge. Watson, were the 
first couple to be married on the 
Emporia town site, and we think 
he is right. They were married by 
Rev. G. C. Morse, December 21, 
18^9. 

IVJr. Randolph claims he is the 
oldest resident here, he having ar- 
rived in February, iS^^y. 

Market reports of that fall were, 
flour, per hundred, I7.50 ; wheat, 
.$1.25; corn meal, $2.00; potatoes, 
.$2.00 ; brown sugar, i6f cents per 
pound ; white, 18 cents per pound ; 
coffee, i6f. 

The second issue of the JVexvs 
gave the proceedings of a meeting 
to make arrangements for celebrat- 
ing the fourth of July. A few days 
afterwards the editor was stricken 
with the small-pox which he caught 
at Burlingame while taking care of 
a patient who was on his way to 
Emporia. This knocked the cele- 
bration "galley- west," because, even 
then, people's enthusiasm was no 
more disposed to monkey with the 
small-pox than now. 



ANNALS OF EMI'ORIA AND I.VON COUNTY. 



The first railroad meeting ever 
held in the Neoslio valley convened 
here on the twenty -first of July, 
1S57. Col. C. K. Holiday, of To- 
peka, spoke for a road from Topeka, 
and John O. Wattles one iTom the 
east near JeflFerson City, "via 
Moneku." Thus it will be seen 
that the original itleas for railroad 
lines for this section were close to 
what was finally adopted in the 
railroad system of the state. 

At this time the government ran 



iiands. A weekly hack line to that 
city was established, leaving here 
every Monday and returning everv 
Friday. It took four full days to 
make the round trip, and one day to 
rest at Lawrence. The fare for the 
round trip was about fifteen dollars. 

Official Literature. 

There was a good deal of politic- 
al excitement during the summer of 
1S57, and mass meetings and con- 
ventions for various purposes were 




RESIDENCE OF MRS. P. B. PLUMB. 



a mail from Westport, Missouri, 
out on the Santa Fe trail to Coun- 
cil Grove, and thence to Columbia. 
This would not do the wide-awake 
Emporians at all. They hated 
everything pro-slavery and instead 
of patronizing this route they took 
steps to have their mail sent by way 
of Lawrence. They had box five 
hundred in Lawrence from whence 
the mail was brought by private 



of frequent occurrence. Sometimes 
ludicrous scenes appeared upon the 
surface. They were usually enact- 
ed by longhaired and wild-eyed 
persons on either side. Sometimes 
a little fellow would come around 
with loud voice, armed to the teeth, 
who was going to right things in 
short order. There was quite a de- 
sire among this class of free-state 
men to even attack the United 



i6 



ANNAI.S OF EMPORIA AND I.YON COUNTY, 



States troops, from a distance, 
whenever opportunity offered, but 
they never attacked anything more 
harmful than free meals, that 
we ever heard of. A letter of this 
beligerent character was found 
about this time and created a good 
deal of fun. The country about the 
junction of the Neosho and Cotton- 
wood had been settled largely by 
pro-slavery men from Missouri in 
1855-6. They did not openly make 
any move to disturb the free-state 
settlers but there is no doubt but 
that some of them hoped the gov- 
ernment would find some excuse 
for at least interfering with free- 
state immigrants to discourage their 
settlement here. Though there 
were some rumors of trouble and 
threats that this and that party 
would be run out, no serious attempt 
at violence from either side was ever 
made so far as we now remember. 
Among the active and outspoken 
abolitionists, as the free-state men 
were all called by the Missourians 
then, was G. D. Humphrey, a prom- 
inent and well known man at the 
time, and ever since, till his death a 
few years ago. He owned a mill 
near the junction. W. W. Good- 
will and Alexander Middlemast 
worked at the mill and were equally 
unpopular with the pro-slavery 
people. Along in the summer it 
began to get a little sultry for the 
pro-slaveryites because of the con- 
tinued large influx of free-state peo- 
ple. The following letter from a 
pro-slavery official of Madison 
county, with the county seat at 
Columbia, written to territorial 



governor, Robert J. Walker, ex- 
plains itself. It fell into Mr. Hum- 
phrey's hands in August and by him 
was handed to the editor of the 
Emporia News, who printed it just 
as it was written, spelling, gram- 
mar, and all. The letter was dic- 
tatetl solely by fear as there were 
no facts to base its representations 
upon : 

Madison County, Kansas Territory, 

Ai(g. 2th, 1837. 

To R, y . Walker, Gox>enor of Kansas: 

after my respecks I am onder the 
panefully nedesesitj of writing you a fue 
lines to in forme you of they Disturbence 
in this part of Kansas last fall we were 
robed and by the rotten abolitionists in 
this part and compell to move to Missury 
until the war was over and then we re- 
turned Miss Carver was kill in her own 
House by men that we can prove that 
Done it and now Bnddy has taken them 
up asyeait we can find some of them and 
now J. D. Humpher and Goodwill and 
Middlesmus and other men thrtend ower 
Lives that tha will kill all of the pro- 
Slavery party in this naborhood in a fue 
Days the are a goin to attack us on Moday 
next we are about twenty Strong and has 
to ly out ever night in the woodes to cepe 
them from killing us tha last night of 
July Mr. Cook from lawrence Made an 
atack apon Me after night he was capt 
of the Robing party last fawl tha Have 
made threats that tha will kill Me this is 
J. D. Hnmpher aud that I shall not Live 
fore weeks this I am able to prove On 
him that threat was one mounths a gow 
and cepe it up still we are not able to 
force tha Lau in this naborhood I am a 
member of tha cortand Dare not Cjow to 
Columby to attend my Busness nor I 
Have not this Spring nor Can I Dou it 
with out Healpe from you to sustane me 
and my family and tha Law I Have Bin 
Robed Last faul and Has Bin Robed a 
few Days a Gow Please force tha Law 
in this naborhood and give me Back my 



ANNALS OF KMl'ORIA AND I, VON COUNTY 



17 



stole properly from Cioodwill and War- 
ner and Maxion and soin fue tha Balance 
of tha nabors tha Have threatened that if 
you come in this naborhood tha will kill 
you and run tha troopes Back tha are 
mitv Strong On this neosho River you 
must not come in this naborhood with 
out troopes and that a strong Gard for 
you will Bee in danger. I Have writing 
two Letters to you before this and Got 
now answer nor I shal Send this to yoo 
By Hand and if you will Please Send 
tropes to tha month of cottonwood and 
if we cannot git Healpe from yoo in Hast 
and we will Bee compell to Dispatch to 
Missouri for Helpe to Save us and Ower 
family for we can not Ly out in that 
Brutch eney Longer we are in tha Right 
and we can make it a pere this is tha 
wosh of my nabors to wright it yoo in 
hast and may you heaple us for Once for 
we are in grate neade of it at this time I 
have Menny charges to make But not 
able to make One with out Healpe Son 
yourse Respeckfully 

H. B. Elliot, 
commishner of Madison county. 
To Govner R. J. Walker of Kansas. 

\\'e suppose tlie governor never 
received the letter, as no troops ever 
appeared here in answer to the 
frantic appeal. We remember that 
later on, when Governor Walker 
entered Lawrence with troops be- 
cause the people of that city had 
organized a local government for 
home protection, a company was 
organized here in short order to 
go to the assistance of Lawrence 
whenever their help was called for 
by the people there. This was be- 
cause the governor threatened Law- 
rence with violence. 

The free-state people, generally, 
voted at the election in i8:;7, not- 
withstanding the opposition of such 
a course by the radical leaders, and 
the territory was carried for the 



first time by the free-state partv. 
They were given an honest count 
for the first time by the territorial 
governor at the expense of his offi- 
cial head. Marcus J. Parrott was 
elected as a delegate to Congress. 
The following named gentlemen 
were elected to till the local offices, 
there being two hundred and sixty 
votes cast in the county. The voting 
was done viva voce: Probate 
judge, A. L Baker: sheriff', E. God- 
dard ; treasurer, N. S. Storrs; com- 
missioners, H. W. Fick and William 
Grimsley; recorder and clerk, C. V. 
Eskridge. 

That year an enterprising neigh- 
borhood was formed on the south 
side of the Cottonwood, four or five 
miles from town, known as the 
Kirkendall settlement. They put 
up the first school house in the 
county. It was, besides the use 
for schools, used for religious and 
other meetings. George VV. Kirk 
endall and his sons, Matthew, Elijah 
B., and James, settled there and 
Matthew still remains. Even in 
those early days the Kirkendall 
school house was known far and 
near. Mr. Gardner, who aftferwards 
married one of the Kirkendall girls, 
taught the first school there. He 
has long been a resident of New 
York. 

The Columbia postoffice was soon 
moved to Emporia and H. W. Fick 
was appointed postmaster, John 
Fowler having resigned at Colum- 
bia to allow the change to be made. 
This was hailed as a move in the 
right direction by Emporia people, 
and one which vvouUl result in 



i8 



ANNALS OF EMPORIA AND LYON COUNTY 




MAJOR HOOD'S RESIDENCE. 



Above is a picture of the handsome 
home of Major Calvin Hood. It was 
built about fifteen years ago, and it still 
remains one of the most desirable resi" 
dences in this section of the state. The 
owner is a marked example of what en- 
ergy, devotion to business and good sense 
will do for a man. Commencing here 
on a limited capital a quarter of a cen- 
tury ago, he has managed his affairs with 
a steady hand and cool head, and a 
shrewdness that has brought him the 
most gratifying results. He has accumu- 
lated a fortune that is only expressed 
in six figures, and his means have been 
of great benefit to his community. His 
fortune has not been held with a selfish 
grip, but has been used in a manner that 
has been greatly beneficial in many di- 
rections which commend themselves to 
him as worthy. The struggling college 
of his denomination here is a monument 
of his generosity. Scores of men strug- 
gling for a foot-hold can testify to his 
private good doing. He came here soon 
after the close of the war, and has been 
all the time engaged in the cattle and 



banking business, while his faith in the 
soil of Kansas has led him also into farm- 
ing quite extensively. With a trained 
mercantile career in Michigan, and with 
an honorable and patriotic record in the 
Union army, which carried him from the 
ranks as a private to the position of a 
major, he was splendidly equipped for 
the successful career which he has carved 
for himself in Kansas. The opportunity 
was seized here, his talents have been im- 
proved, and that best of all records, suc- 
cess, has been conquered by overcoming 
all obstacles. 

He has now entered upon a new field 
— politics. We know he has not done 
this of his own volition, but through the 
desire of hundreds of friends hailing 
from all sections of the state. We can 
but express the personal wish that the 
same degree of success may crown the 
effort to make him governor that has at- 
tended his marked career in other re- 
spects. It is safe to predict he will not 
disappoint his friends if the honor of 
ruling over Kansas shall fall upon his 
shoulders. 



ANNALS OF KM TO K I A AND LYON COUNTY 



proper mail facilities for this new 
town. 

The Masons made their first or- 
ganization here January 15, 1858, 
and old No. I3 is still holding the 
fort. L. D. Bailey was worshipful 
master, C. V. Eskridge, secretary, 
and H. H. Gray, tyler. 

The town of Fremont was located 
in April, 1858. It once had fifteen 
or twenty buildings and was ambi- 
tious for county seat honors. Rev. 
G. C. Morse came here in the sum- 
mer of 1857, and soon organized the 
Congregational church and re- 
mained its pastor for several years. 
An attempt was made to estab- 
lish an academy here that year, but 
it never got beyond the resolution 
period. 

A. G. Procter opened a large new 
store here April 15, 1S57, which 
speedily became the leading mer- 
cantile establishment in southern 
Kansas. It drew custom from as 
far oft' as the Arkansas. It was lo- 
cated aV)out where Ryder's drug 
store now stands. 

An attempt was made at this 
time to establish a sort of a free- 
love colony just north of the Neo- 
sho river on Taylor creek. Several 
parties had settled in the neighbor- 
hood who expressed very loose no- 
tions about the marriage relation 
and kindred subjects. They soon 
became so bold as to attract the en- 
mity of the sturdy settlers and one 
dav the sherift' suddenly appeared 
in their midst with peremptory in- 
vitations for a few of the leaders to 
go to Agnes City, the county seat. 



That was the last of free-love in this 
locality. This was a reform which 
would not go down with the people 
who had settled in the Neosho val- 
ley. 

During 1858 a full set of officers 
were elected under the Leaven- 
worth constitution. These favors 
were empty and profitless honors. 
Among those elected to the legisla- 
ture was Stephen G. Elliot, who 
afterwards moved to Missouri and 
now follows the pleasing occupa- 
tion of clipping coupons from gov- 
ernment bonds when he runs short 
of change — Lead. J. M. Walden. 
now a bishop of the M. E. denomi- 
nation, was chosen state superin- 
tendent of public instruction. He 
then published a paper at C^uindaro 
called the Chindoivan. 

Steps were taken at a meeting 
May 15, 1858, to organize an Odd 
Fellows' lodge. 

A good wheat crop was raised 
this year. 

The First Celebration. 

A very successful celebration of 
the Fourth of July was held at Em- 
poria. Two large bowers wtre 
built by the people, one near I lie 
residence of the late Judge Watson, 
and the other between Third and 
Fourth avenues on Constitution 
street. The speaking was at the 
first named while a free dinner was 
spread at the latter. Hon. Martin 
F. Conway, of Lawrence, was the 
orator. In the evening evervbody 
went to Americus to wind up the 
good time at a grand l)all. 



20 



ANNALS OF EMPORIA AND LVON COUNTY. 



July 31 Jacob Stotler bought a 
half interest in the Einporia News 
and published it in partnership with 
Mr. Plumb for some time. 

The Lecompton constitution 
formed under the protection of fed- 
eral bayonets, as amended by the 
English bill, had two votes in 



Breckenridge county at the election 
August 3, iS^S. 

E. Borton established the first 
hardware store in Emporia, August 
10, 1S58. 

October 14 Mary J.Watson open- 
ed the first school in Emporia. It 
was a free subscription school and 




RESIDENCE OF WM. MARTESfDALE. 



Wm. Martindale furnishes another ex- 
ample of what determination, energy and 
good sense will accomplish for a man. 
He came to Kansas from Ohio in 1S57, 
and settled in Greenwood county, near 
the north line. He engaged in the stock 
business and in farming. He still owns 
and operates a large and valuable farm 
near Madison. Mr. Martindale is called 
the shrewdest cattle man in this section 
of Kansas. Taking a large interest in 
banking and milling, he has amassed a 
large fortune. In the political affairs of 
the state he has been prominent. Coin- 
mencing in 1S65, he was a member of the 
house of representatives, and was re- 
elected to the session of 1S66. After- 
wards he was sent to the state senate from 



Lyon and Greenwood counties. In leg- 
islative committee work he could not be 
excelled. He served also as a director of 
the state penitentiary for several years, 
where his knowledge of public affairs and 
good business judgment were of great 
practical value to the state. In 1866 Mr. 
Martindale moved his family to this city, 
where he put up the elegant residence 
shown above, his principal object being 
to give his three sons the advantages of 
our excellent educational facilities. He 
has been a director of the First National 
bank from its organization and vice pres- 
ident a number of years. Mr. Martin- 
dale is most highly esteemed wherever 
known, and is one of our best and most 
useful citizens. 



Attempted Kidnapping. 



ANNALS OF EMPORIA AM) LYON COUNTY. 2 1 

was located in a small biiiUling The Emporia townsite was pre- 

which stood where Addis' three- emptied and the company began to 

story block now stands. The young make deeds to lots, 
men of the town furnished most of 

the money for the school and re- 

, ,1 1 -, 1- i 1 ^ ;* -^" attempt was made about the 

paired the building so as to make it ' 

,,,.,, r,,. , , r . , last of December to kidnap a negro 

habitable. Ihe second term ot the ^ ' « 

» . u } \ r^ \\r rj^ . named Charley, who lived with 

Americus school, by (j. \\ . ior- -' 

, ^x . 1 o ,r Joel Haworth, about seven miles 

rence, commenced October lo or -' ' 

^, . west of Emporia, on the Cotton- 
that year. ' 

wood. He was surprised by a loud- 
Parties of butlalo hunters passed „,outhed fellow named Freeman, 
through Emporia quite frequently ^^.,,^ j;^.^^, ,^g.,,. „^^ junction, and a 
this season and were joined by man who pretended to be his owner, 
squads of our own citizens. They ^ut whose name is not given. Soon 
found plenty of buflfaloes on the jj^^ p^^rUe^ with whom Charley 
Walnut an.l Arkansas rivers and ^.^^ hunting gave the alarm, and 
even within a day's travel of Em- g^,^^^ neighbors came to the rescue. 
P*^^'^" After considerable parleying the 
Families came from the southwest negro hunters agreed to go to Air. 
to the Cottonwood and Neosho to Havvorth's house to allow Charley- 
winter because the great prairie to exhibit his freedom papers, 
fires on the plains had burned the While crossing the river in a canoe 
grass to the bare ground and be- Charley became invisible. After 
cause of so much sickness out there. storming around a while in regular 

slave-hunting style, Freeman and 

Charles S. Hills, afterward a col- .... , , ,- , - n , i 

his triend lett, threatening all kinds 
onel in the army, was appointed ,. t^^ n .i • 

•; T- 11 of vengeance on Mr. Haworth, in- 

postmaster at Cottonwood Falls, ... , , . ^ , . . , 

^ .,,,,. eluding the burning <h his mill, 

where a postomce had lust been „, , 

^ "' Ihe next morning the negro, 

located. Charley was a very ac- , , . . ,. < , .i 

. • ■; dressed in a suit or woman s clothes, 

commodating postmaster, and the . i , i r 

,, , , , ., was put in a wagon and started tor 

boys used to tell that when the mail tt , r^ ■ ^ 

. . ., . . Harvey s, on Dragoon creek. Usage 

earner failed to put in an appear- , , , 

- . county, the next underground sta- 
ance, the postmaster would lust . tt , , i . i n 

,, , _ . , tion. He had been brought to Ha- 

walk down to Emporia and carry , , , o i.r i tt 

. -^ worths by bam Wood. He was in 

the mail up in his hat. , ^ i,t rr, ^ i i ■ 

charge of W. 1. Soden, and wlien 

A term of the United States dis- they reached the Neosho crossing 
trict court was held at Americus who should they run onto but Free- 
by Judge Elmore. It lasted only man and his brother watering their 
two days. The grand jury returned horses. The negro was badly 
twenty-nine indictments, mostly for frightened, so much so that he shook 
trespass on school lands. the wagon. If Mr. Soden could 



22 



ANNALS OF EMPORIA AND LYON COUNTY 





T J, ACHESON, 



D W. EASTMAN. 





J. V. RANDOLPH. 



MRS. RANDOLPH. 



ANNALS OF KMl'ORIA AND LYON COUNTY. 23 

T. y. Acheson came to Kansas in 1S69, have had his choice just at that time 
fromSturgis, Michigan, and located on a j^g would have been anywhere else 
farm four miles north of Emporia, in ^|^,^^^ ,^^ j|^^j j-q,.^j^ because the Free- 
Fremont township, where he engaged in ^^^^^^^ ^^^^^ ^^^j^ heavily armed, 
farming and cattle raising In 1S91 he ^, , ,^^^l^,t t,,e 
moved to Emporia and bu.lt a residence Howev ei, tney u.u 
where he now resides. Mr. Acheson was negro or his Inend, and they land- 
one of the founders of the Citizens bank, ^^^ ,,( [\^^\y destination in safety, and 
and was elected vice president, which po- gQ,„g Missouri slave-owner lost a 
sition he holds at the present time^ Mr. ^,^^^^^^j^,^ .^^^ ^^ property. 
Acheson owns a large ranch m Green- t 

wood county and devotes most of his ^ Good Templers' lodge was or- 

time to the handling of cattle, he being gj^,-,ized with thirty members, 
one of the largest feeders in the county. 

He has three sons, F. I., N. H., and T.J. The First Hall. 

The oldest is on the ranch the second ^^ ^^^^ ^,^^^^,^ ^^^ ^^^ ^^,^^^ ^^ 



one with Jones Brothers, Kansas City, 1 11 ♦ u ,.1 .^^ 

and the youngest at home. great nnportance locally took p ace 

the dedication of Masonic hall. 

Ji^ The building had been erected at 
great cost and by wonderful display 

D. W. Eastman came to Emporia in ^^ -..^ ,„a energy by P. B. 

November, 1871. For some years he was "' , ^ . t^ T3 1 .,wl ., 

a druggist. He entered the post office as Plumb and L. D. Bailey, and a 

deputy in October, 1874. In 1876 he was party was given which included 

elected county treasurer, and was re- ^^^ ^^^^ ^[^q people of Emporia, 

elected in 187S. He served one term as |^^^j. ^j^g" towns up and down the 

mayor of the city. He was the member ^.^^^ Jt was called a "levee and 

of the house of representatives from the „ Emporia house, 

Emporia district at the stormy session of suppci, t 

1893. Has filled other local positions, which stood on the present site ot 

and has just been chosen as department the First National bank, for those 

commander of the G. A. R. for his state. ^^^ ^jj^ ^^^ dance, and a "ball and 

Mr. Eastman, as the many places of trust f^g^j^.^p, ,-^,. ^i^^se who did. There 

he has held will show, is a most worthy , .,^^,,1^ th^f nnf 

, , . ■ 1 i^ u ,A was such a lam ot people thai not 

man and esteemed highly at home and was sucii a jcim i | 

throughout the state. more than half could get into either 

building. When you went to the 

Jtjt liotel you concluded that most of 

the people were opposed to danc- 

In the persons of J. V. Randolph and and when you went to the 

wife we present the first couple married , ,, , ,. 1 ,1 . v.^,.f 

T, r .u u - little hall vou believed that about 

in Emporia. For forty years they have nme iiaii y^ix 

lived here on land adjoining the city, and all were dancers. Look at it now 

are among the esteemed people of the jjg \i stands on the southwest corner 

city. Mr. Randolph is now a member of ^^ Commercial and Seventh streets 

the board of pardons of the state. He ^^^ wonder if it leallv was ever a 

has always taken an active interest in . i • 1 » 

whatever was for the good of the public, building to excite the pride not 

and has a good record as a citizen. only of the Masonic fraternity, but 

jjtjH of the people at large. 



24 



ANNALS OF EMPORIA AND LYON COUNTY 





lACOB STOTLER, 



JOHN R. GRAHAM. 





FRANK P. M'LENNAN. 



CHARLES HARRIS. 



ANNALS OK EMl'OKIA AND LVON COUNTY. 



Jacob Stotler came witli his parents 
from Cumberland, Maryland, to Clinton 
county, Ohio, when he was but a child. 
In Ohio he learned the printing trade, 
and in May, 1S57, came to Emporia with 
the late Senator Plumb, as foreman of the 
Emporia NevDs. He soon became inter- 
ested in the paper and before the com- 
pletion of the second voluiTie was the sole 
owner of the paper. In this business he 
spent over a quarter of a century, and 
achieved success as an editor and pub- 
lisher. During this time he was four 
terms in the lower house of the Kansas 
legislature, twice as speaker, and one 
term as state senator. In these offices he 
was an active and successful promoter of 
local and general interests. He served 
over two terms as postmaster at Emporia 
and resigned. He has held various other 
positions and has edited other papers in 
different parts of the state. 




fe-iir.'^^^^?? 



OLD " NEWS ■• OFFICE. Erected in 1837. 

John R. Graham came to Einporia in 
the spring of 1S70, from Erie, Pennsyl- 
vania, where he had for some four years 
previous been engaged in newspaper bus- 
iness, first, as city editor of the Eric 
Daily Dispatc/i, and then as editor and 
publisher of the Eric Gazette, the paper 
upon which Horace Greely served his ap- 
prenticeship before going to New \'ork 
city. He next began work in the otlice 



of the Emporia Neivs^ and soon purchased 
a third interest, the new firm being 
known as Stotler, Rowland cV Graham, 
soon afterwards as Stotler ie Graham. 
In 1S78 it started the Daily News and 
also added a profitable real estate busi- 
ness. The News, daily and weekly, under 
their management, was a great success. 
Soon after coming to Emporia Mr. Gra- 
ham agitated the starting of a building 
and loan association, then hardly heard 
of outside ot Philadelphia, and became 
president of the first association of that 
kind in the city, if not in the state. The 
outgrowth of that association is still in 
active operation and known as the Lyon 
County Building and Loan association. 
In 1S72, Mr. Graham, who had never 
sought public office of any kind, was 
elected mayor of Emporia by a large- 
majority, on the temperance ticket, and 
faithfully administered his official duties. 
In succeeding years he originated and 
became president of the Emporia Mutual 
Savings and Loan association, the first 
one in the county to make loans on a 
definite time, and which was very suc- 
cessful for a number of years. Emporia 
owes much of its growth and prosperity 
to these associations, through which it 
became a city of homes owned bv their 
occupants. In 1879, Mr. Graham became 
interested in silver mining in Colorado 
and sold his interest in the News, then 
the only daily paper in Emporia, to 
Messrs. Alex Butts and Frank P. Mac- 
Lennan, and went to Colorado, from 
which state he returned and purchased a 
half interest in a job printing otHce and 
blank book manufactory. He put in the 
first steam power press in Emporia, and 
in 1S80 sold the business and plant to the 
company which started the Emporia 
Daily Republican, of which paper Mr. 
Graham became associate editor. In iSSt;, 
he resigned his editorship of the Repuh- 
licaii and went to western Kansas, and 
started the Garden City Dailv Herald, 
which he successfully established and 
then sold to engage in starting and build- 
ing up the new town Montezuma, in Gray 
county. Western Kansas became prar- 



26 



ANNALS OF EMPORIA AND LYON COUNTY. 



tically depopulated by climatic reverses, 
and Mr. Graham, who had retained his 
his family residence in Emporia, returned 
and in 1887 organized and became presi- 
dent of the Union Security company, for 
inaking farm and other real estate loans. 
Western mortgages became unmarketable 
at the east in 18S9 ^""^ ^^^ company 
stopped making loans, with ample money 
in its treasury, and has met all its obliga- 
tions to the letter. Mr. Graham's next, 
and so far his last business enterprise in 
Emporia was to start and establish the 
Emporia Daily Gazette as an anti-monop- 
oly and absolutely independent news- 
paper, and to do this he relied wholly 
upon his own resources and control. He 
was a devoted advocate of free silver 
coinage but unqualifiedly opposed to the 
sub-treasury scheme of the people's party, 
and after bringing the Gazette to a pay- 
ing basis he sold it in 1892 to Mr. W. Y. 
Morgan, who made it a straight Republi- 
can party paper, and in turn sold it to the 
present owner, Mr. W. A. White, and it 
ranks as one of the best known republican 
papers in the country. In 1892 Mr. Gra- 
ham removed to Chicago where he ac- 
cepted a position as editorial writer on 
the Chicao-o Daily Mail, and after the 
world's fair, resigned and moved to the 
city of his birth, Rochester, New York, 
where he has since carried on an invest- 
ment agency business. Mr. Graham re- 
gards as the most satisfactory period of 
his life in Emporia, the years of his part- 
nership with Mr. Stotler in establishing 
and conducting the Daily Neivs and its 
large real estate business, the News be- 
ing one of the most widely circulated, 
popular and influential republican news- 
papers in Kansas during their proprie 
torship. The severest struggle of his life 
in Emporia was to start, control, and suc- 
cessfully establish the Daily Gazette, 
against large capitalistic opposition, 
wholly on his own, at that time, limited 
resources, but he is satisfied it was a good 
public service well performed. Mr. Gra- 
ham still retains his residence property 
in Emporia and looks forward to a possi- 
ble return at some future day, to the citv 



of his early choice, with the growth and 
prosperity of which he was so long iden- 
tified. 

Frank P. MacLennan, whose picture 
we print in the Annals, was an Emporia 
boy. He learned the newspaper busi 
ness in the Emporia Nezvs office. After- 
wards went to Topeka and bought the 
State Joiiriial where he has been very 
snccessful, and has made it the leading 
afternoon paper of the state. Emporia 
is proud of him. 

Charles Harris, the present member of 
the legislature for the Emporia district, 
is a native of Scotland, but came to this 
country when three years old. When the 
civil war broke out he was a boy going to 
school in Dubuque, Iowa. As soon as 
the recruiting officers would accept him 
he enlisted, and joined company A, forty- 
sixth Iowa, of which his father was also 
a member. After this regiment was 
mustered out he returned home, where 
he remained seven days, re-enlisting in 
company F, twenty-first Iowa, and served 
until the end of the war, being finally 
mustered out in his nineteenth year. 
After the war he learned the printing 
business. In 1867 he made a tour of the 
states, working as a printer on most of 
the large papers of the union. In 1869 
he was foreman and telegraph editor of 
the Kansas City Jourttai, and afterwards 
foreman successively of the St. Louis 
Times, St. Louis Dispatch, St. I^ouis Post, 
and of the Post-Dispatch after the con- 
solidation. 

Since 1881 Mr. Harris has resided in 
Emporia, where he has been continu- 
ously engaged in newspaper work, for a 
time being editor and business manager 
of the Emporia Xe-^vs. At present his 
work consists entirely of special cor- 
respondence for eastean papers. He is 
secretary of the Commercial club, a 
prominent G. A. R. man, a Mason and 
an Odd Fellow. 



ANNALS OF EMTOKIA AND LVON COUNTY. 



27 



Tlie iVc-cvs^ congratulated the peo 
pie of Emporia in its New Year's 
issue, 18^9, at the growth and gen- 
eral prosperity of the city. All its 
mechanical shops had plenty to do 
at good wages. There were four 
stores at tliat time, and they were 
profitable. Several houses were 
in course of construction, and seven- 
teen lots had been donated bv 
the town company for new build- 
ings to be erected at once. More 
than fifty houses would he erected 
during the season. 

January 29 Mr. Plumb retired 
from the Emporia News. 

The Emporia & Topeka railroad 
incorporated. 

Meeting held February 19 to ar- 
range for building a Christian 
church. 

The Odd Fellows organized their 
lodge March 15, 1859, Robert Lo- 
gan, N. G.; Joe Rickabaugh, V. G. ; 
fl. W. Fick, secretary ; E. P. Had- 
ley, treasurer. There were eleven 
members. 

At this time there was a rush of 
people tor the new mines at Pike's 
Peak. Fifty wagons loaded with 
men and goods passed through Em- 
poria in a week. Many of them 
soon returned. 

A paper called the Americiis 
Sentinel made its appearance Sep- 
tember 26, 1859. The late R. M. 
Ruggles was the editor and T. C. 
Hill was the publisher. Americus 
was then the county seat, and its 
object was to assist in retaining it 
there at the final vote, which came 
the next year. 



But five reapers and mowers are 
reported in the county in June, 
1859. 

A convention was held and three 
delegates, O. Phillips, J. M. Ran- 
kin and D. Swim, were elected to 
represent the county in the great 
convention at Osawatomie to or- 
ganize the Republican party in 
Kansas. 

The Kaw Indians were then lo- 
cated just above Americus, and the 
Sentinel announces that the official 
count of the government gave the 
number at one thousand and five, 
two hundred decrease from the year 
before. 

The first jail of the county was of 
hewn logs. 

The Sentinel %?k\(\ that the Amer- 
icus boys used to call it "territorial 
tea," and they used to go a little 
above town to see if anybody had 
tied their dogs loose. 

The Sentinel notices the arrival 
of a large number of immigrants in 
August, 181^9, among them several 
families of Loys from Alinnesota. 

The News of, June 4 described 
one returning Pike's Peak vehicle 
which had painted on its cover this 

legend : "Just from . Ask no 

questions." Another, which had 
gone out with this banner, "Pike's 
Peak or Bust," returned in rather a 
dilapidated condition and the sign 
changed to read : "Busted by .'' 

W. T. Soden purchases half in- 
terest in the Haworth mill some 
miles al)ove town on the Cotton- 
wood. 



28 



ANNAI-S OP' EMPORIA AND I. YON COUNTY. 





J. JAY BUCK, 



L. B. KELLOGG. 





I E LAMBERT. 



WM. L, HUGGINS. 
Junior member o( the Law firm of Lambert & Muggins. 



ANNALS OF EMl'OKIA AND LYON COUNTY. 



29 



I. E. Lambert is the senior member of 
the law firm of Lambert iV Huggins, and 
is United States district attorney. He 
had formerly been postmaster at Empo- 
ria and twice a member of the house of 
representatives. He has also been inter- 
ested in farming and the cattle business, 
and is a man of fine ability at the bar; is 
energetic and active in all his undertak- 
ings, is popular and has left his impress 
on the affairs of his countv and state. 

J. Jay Buck was born in Duchess coun- 
ty, New York, August 14, 1S35, ^^^ ^" 
the following May his parents moved to 
Hillsdale county, Michigan. He received 
his education at Hillsdale college, teach- 
ing school between times, and was ad- 
mitted to the Hillsdale bar in 1S57. In 
1S60 he went to Waupun, Wisconsin. 
From thence he enlisted in the thirty-sec- 
ond Wisconsin infantry, and in the spring 
of 1S64 took command of company I, 
one hundred and first U. S. colored in- 
fantry, which he commanded for a time, 
and then served as judge advocate on the 
staff of General L. H. Rosseau and his 
successor, General R. W. Johnson, until 
the close of the war. He then settled at 
Clarksville, Tennessee, where he pub- 
lished T//e Clarksville Patriot, a radical 
Republican paper, for two years, at the 
same time continuing his law practice. 
At the taking effect of the bankruptcy 
law in 1S67, he was appointed register, 
and held that office until he came to Kan- 
sas, May I, 1S70. Judge Buck was grand 
master of Odd Fellows in 187S, grand 
master of Masons in ISS4, and grand 
commander of Knights Templar in iSSS. 
He was in the legislature in the sessions 
of 18S5 and tSS6, where he in the house 
and Judge Kellogg in the senate procured 
the famous salt lands for the State Nor- 
mal School, after a most stubborn and 
brilliant legislative fight. 

On the hustings and at the bar he is 
peer of any. Logical in argument, per- 
■suasive in speech, and capable of severe 
sarcasm, he is noted for professional 
kindness and courtesy. As city attorney' 
he has successfully carried this city 



through much important and ditVicult 
legislation. 

His last case of national note is the 
famous Texas cattle case, where he and 
Judge Cunningham, representing over 
one hundred and forty clients, won the 
case in our district court and our supreme 
court and in the supreme court of the 
United States. 

He is the senior member of the law firm 
of Buck & Spencer, who are both engaged 
in the active practice of the profession. 

Judge L. B. Kellogg came to Emporia 
in 1865, as president of the State Normal 
School. Afterwards he was probate judge, 
representative, state senator, and attorney 
general. In all these positions he ac- 
quitted himself with credit, and per- 
formed his duty conscientiously and with 
marked ability to the interests of the peo- 
ple of Kansas. He is now engaged in the 
practice of the law in company with Mrs. 
Kellogg, in Emporia, and is having fine 
success. 




THE ADDIS BLOCK. 
Mayor William Addis came to Emporia 
in 1SS2. He was elected a member of 
the city council and served for some time 
as acting mayor. He was elected mayor 
in 1S97, and is now serving the city in 
that capacity. He invested largely in 
property here, and is the owner of the 
three- story block shown above, located 
on the northwest corner of Commercial 
and .Sixth streets, the site of the first 
building erected in Emporia. He is an 
enterprising and thorough-going citizen, 
ever watchful of the best interests of the 
city. 



30 



ANNALS or EMPORIA AND LYON COUNTY. 



Mr. I. E. Peiley erects the first 
stone and brick building on Com- 
mercial street. 

Name of the Kansas Nezvs 
changed to Efftporia News. 

August 15 first meeting to organ- 
ize a county agricultural society but 
no attempt was made to hold a fair. 

The new Christian church was 
dedicated October 3, 1S59, with ap- 
propriate ceremonies, S. G. Brown 
officiating. 

Breckinridge county reports 
nine hundred registered voters. 

In October, 18:59, the JVeivs passed 
into the hands of P. B. Plumb and 
Dudley Randall. 

L. D. Bailey, of Emporia, was 
nominated at the republican state 
convention as one of the supreme 
judges under the Wyandotte con- 
stitution. 

Meeting held at Americus to or- 
ganize the democr.itic party in 
Breckinridge county. Nothing 
was done except to appoint a cen- 
tral committee and elect delegates 
to the judicial convention. 

General complaint of dry weather 
and lack of water in streams and 
wells. This was the beginning of 
the great drouth of i860. 

Want of school room begins to 
be felt, there beingover sixty schol- 
ars attending the schools. 

A very successful lyceum is 
maintained in the new city this 
winter. 

C. V. Eskridge purchases an in- 
terest in the Hornsby store, which 
was the first one started in the town. 



The Welsh Come. 

The history of Emporia and Lyon 
county would be incomplete with- 
out making due record of the ad- 
vent of a large number of worthy 
Welsh people who began to settle 
here at an early day, and who have 
always contributed largely to the 
thrift of the county and city. They 
began to come as early as 1856. 
They were good farmers and me- 
chanics, and being pleased with the 
county wrote their friends in the 
states and the old country. They 
settled largely on the Cottonwood, 
Dry, Coal, and Eagle creeks, while 
a goodly sprinkling scattered to oth- 
er sections of the county. Among 
first settlers may be mentioned Geo. 
Lewis, who located on Allen creek, 
David T. Morris, on the Neosho, 
north of town, who opened the first 
shoe maker's shop here. David and 
Hugh Williams and their mother, 
on the head of Dry creek, Edward 
Evans, on the same creek south of 
Emporia. In 1857 came R. L. 
Morris, John W. Bennett, Ellis 
Owens, Peter H. Hughes, W. E. 
Evans. In 185S the settlements 
were augmented by the arrival of 
R. D. Thomas, E. L. Jones, D. R. 
Jones, David T. Lewis, Evan D. 
Davis, D. M. Morgan, Richard 
Howe, W. L. Morgan, Isaiah Jones, 
Thomas H. Thomas. By i860 there 
was a large settlement of these peo- 
people south of town, and many 
mechanics and business men had 
located in the town. They are 
known as a religious people as a 
class, so they built a log church that 
year on Dry creek, which they also 



ANNALS OF EMl'ORIA AND LVON COINTV 



used for a school house for a num- 
ber of years. Their first minister 
was Rev. John Davis. Since then 
they have built three churches in 
Emporia and two south of the city, 
and some at a distance from any 
church building worship in school 
houses in various parts of the coun- 
ty. The young people have largely 
entered business occupations in 
town and are losing the use of the 
Welsh language, but the Welsh 
people and their descendants make 
up a large part of Lyon county. 
Revs. John Jones and H. Reese are 
their oldest preachers. None of our 
people have been more enterprising 
according to their opportunities, in 
building up our solid interests, than 
our Welsh citizens. 

Similar remarks might be made 
in regard to the large number of 
Friends who settled early in Pike 
township in the western part of the 
county. The first meeting of friends 
was held in iS6o, at the house of 
John Moon, five miles west of the 
city. 



No Taxes for County Buildings. 

An exciting meeting was held at 
Emporia, October 24, to take meas- 
ures to resist the payment of a tax 
levied this year by the board of su- 
pervisors to erect county buildings 
at Americus. The result was the 
passage of a resolution to resist 
payment and a public pledge was 
passed to raise funds to beat the 
levy. Other townships took the 
same action. 



The Methodists decide to put up 
a new church of stone 3^x50. J. C. 
Fraker was the minister. The 
building was notcompleted for over 
three years. 

The proposition to start the first 
saloon in Emporia, called for a cit- 
izens' meeting which took vigorous 
anil liecided action against the in- 
novation. Emporia was always 
against whisky. 

Some Newspaper Talk. 

May 19, i860, Jacob Stotler re- 
turned to Emporia and connected 
himself with the Rinporia Nexus, 
and the paper was enlarged to sev- 
en columns to the page. Mr. 
Plumb remained for some months 
as assistant editor, but had no pro- 
prietary interest in the paper. The 
issue of that date indulged in a little 
pardonable self praise. It says : 
"There were just three houses in 
Emporia at that time, (the date of 
the first issue, June 6, 1S57;) the 
hotel, the store of Hornsby & Fick, 
and a snjall building temporarily 
used by Mr. Storrs for a store and 
dwelling, size 14x16 feet. The 
type for the first number was 'set 
up' in one of the chamber rooms of 
the hotel while the press work was 
done in v^'hat was afterwards the 
parlor, on loose boards laid down 
temporarily for that purpose. The 
printers were Jacob Stotler, fore- 
man. C. C. Clawson and T. W. 
French. The editor was taken sick 
with small pox just oefore the sec- 
ond number was ready to be issued, 
which delayed it several days, and 



32 



ANNALS OF EMPORIA AND LYON COUNTY. 




f 1 

\ r 11 ■ w\ 




FIRST M. E. CHURCH. 



The Methodists were the pioneers in 
the religious field here. There had been 
services in neighborhoods surrounding 
the town, but that denomination put the 
first preacher here. He was Rev. Henry 
Moyes. There were twelve members. 
The first services were held in the little 
office of the hotel. Soon after that J. P. 
McElfresh built a small hall about the 
middle of the block on the east side of 
Commercial street, between Sixth and 
Seventh avenues. There the faithful 
flock established its headquarters for 
some time. The press beat the pulpit 
just one day into Emporia, and its first 
number announced the arrival of the 
church, a close second. The Methodist 
society seems to have been what is now 
called a sooner, for it was not until seven 
years later that she first worshipped in a 
house of her own. Though the Rev. Mr. 
Moyes came not to the desert through 
fear of Jehovah or a Jezebel, for over 
seven years the church had but little bet- 
ter shelter than that afforded Jonah or 
Elijah. Eloods beat round about her, 
famine starved her, war oppressed her, 



plagues and pestilence affrighted her. 
Other denominations — the Christians and 
the Congregationalists — later arrivals, 
had church homes years before her. 
Finally, when in 1S64 she became pos- 
sessed of a home of her own, her troubles 
were not over, for a year or two later a 
bolt of fire from the upper air wrecked 
the church's heaven-pointing spire, dam- 
aging the building some eight hundred 
dollars. The old stone church, however, 
was worshipped in until 18S1, when, be- 
coming too small for the society, it was 
taken down and the present edifice erect- 
ed on its site at a cost of about twenty 
thousand dollars. 

During Emporia Methodism's forty 
year sojourn in what some of our eastern 
friends still effect to consider a second 
Judean wilderness, the Emporia church 
has been a part of three annual confer- 
ences and of five districts. As a mis- 
sion, a circuit and a station she has been 
served by nearly forty pastors. Begin- 
ning its mission with a membership of 
twelve, it has now in the two churches 
nearlv a thousand votaries. Her career 



ANNALS OF K.Ml'ORIA AND LYON COIN TV. 



33 




J. F. CULVER. 
(See pag^e41.) 



has been that of the state, and ad astra 
per aspera has been no less her history 
than it has been thatot Kansas. Whether 
in tent, tabernacle or temple, Methodism 
has been a prominent feature in Empo- 
ria's career. The church has always been 
a pronounced and earnest advocate of 
free institutions, moral and social re- 
forms and a purer political atmosphere. 
Admitting the frailty and weakness of 
her votaries, in common with all that are 
born of woman, the Methodist church in 
Emporia is endeavoring to walk with 
Christian in the Pilgrim's path of Pro- 
gress toward the beautiful gates of the 
Celestial City, yet, like the Lord Protec- 
tor of England, to take the kingdoms of 
the earth on her way. 

St. PauPs Reformed church is located 
on the northeast corner of Ninth avenue 
and Constitution street. It is a brick 
building 30x50 feet besides the pulpit re- 
cess extension and the vestibule entrance. 
This congregation was organized on 



the 23d day of December, 1879, ^.^ Rev. 
Joseph G. Shoemaker, who had come 
from Aaronsburg, Pennsylvania, by au- 
thority from the Board of Home Missions 
of the Reformed church. The organiza- 
tion was effected in the court house, 
where the regular Sunday services were 
held. 

The church building was erected dur- 
ing iSSo, and was dedicated January 23, 
iSSi. The building cost about three 
thousand dollars, the congregation and 
citizens of Emporia contributing about 
one thousand dollars, and the balance 
was collected in the east, mostly in Penn- 
sylvania. 

The congregation has always been 
small in point of numbers, but active and 
faithful in its devotion to the cause of 
Christ. Rev. Shoemaker remained only 
two years, and the congregation was with- 
out a pastor for some time. 

Rev. D. B. Shuey, of New Providence, 
Pennsylvania, visited Emporia in July, 
1SS2, and under commission of the Board 
of Missions moved to Emporia in the be- 
ginning of May, 18S3. He gave one-half 
of his time to the congregation as pastor, 
while also being superintendent of mis- 
sions in Kansas, for two years, when he 
resigned as pastor, thus giving him better 
opportunity to attend to the general mis- 
sion work. Since that time the congre- 
gation has been without a pastor, but 
nevertheless the members kept together 
as a congregation, having a Sunday 
school and missionary society most of 
the time, and thus they were enabled lo 
pav liberally to the benevolent objects of 
the church at large. 

Rev. Shuey continued to supply the 
congregation as opportunity afforded un- 
til December i, 1897, when Rev. G. W. 
Remagen, of Bangor, Pennsylvania, be- 
came pastor, but withdrew again April 
I, 1898. 

This little congregation has been free 
of debt ever since the balance of the cost 
of building was paid in 1883, with a con- 
stant balance in the treasury, and always 
paid its full quota per member to all the 
benevolent boards of the church at large. 



3 + 



ANNALS OF PZMl'ORIA AND LYON COUNTY. 




for several numbers the paper was 
issued onlv once in two vveel<s. 



"MIT" WILHITE, 

September i, 1890, a young man named 
"Mit" Wihiite opened a restaurant in a 
small building on Commercial street. 
He was known as an industrious young 
fellow, who, when he had anything to do, 
could be trusted to do it thoroughly and 
quick. To-day he is the proprietor of a 
three-story hotel in the heart of business, 
with office, dining room, kitchen and all 
necessary accommodations on the first 
floor, and fifteen elegant sleeping rooms 
above, with bath, hot and cold water, and 
all improvements. It is one of the most 
complete small hotels anywhere, and is 
known as the Mit-Way, but is not done. 
He has just completed a spacious banquet 
room in his basement. He has plans to 
extend his accommodations that will en- 
large them very greatly. We knew Mr. 
Wilhite when he was a newsboy, and then 
as a wholesale and retail dealer in old 
iron, copper, etc , and it is with pleasure 
we note his great success and prosperity. 
He is one of the most energetic hustlers 
in Emporia. During his business career 
he has been twice burned out, and each 
time rebuilt and enlarged his business. 
Mit don't know how to "lay down" to 
any sort of adversity. 




THE MIT-WAY. 



Finally, the building being erected 
for the printing office, was com- 
pleted (located on the northeast 
corner of Commercial and Sixth 
streets), and the materials were 
moved into it when the editor, hav- 
ing recovered, the paper began to 
be issued regularly every week. 
All the mail matter for this region 
was addressed to box 500, Law- 
rence, from whence it was brought 
to Emporia sometimes by immi- 
grants or other persons happening 
to come this way ; sometimes a team 
was hired and sent up on purpose. 
Of course it was anything but reg- 
ularly received and under such cir- 
cumstances publishing a newspaper 
here was not the easiest and most 
profitable business in the world, 
(we may remark right here, paren- 
thetically, that tlie editor could 
write more editorial on the after- 
noon of publication day than any 
man we ever saw), but for our own 
sake and for the sake of Emporia, 



ANNALS OF EMPORIA AND LYON COUNTY 



35 



the JVews was regularly issued from 
that time forward regardless of the 
discouragements that environed it 
and the pecuniary embarrassments 
to which it subjected the proprietor. 
We do not exaggerate when we 
say that the regular appearance of 
the News during the first year of 
the history of Emporia, did more to 
save the town and establish it firm 
in the confidence of the people than 
all else put together. It betokened 
a purpose which put down the 
croakers who were prophesying 
that the town would fail. It in- 
spired confidence in those already 
here and induced others to come. 
The past three years which we scan 
today have been years of wonderful 
growth which we are hardlv able 
to realize and if they are a true in- 
dex of the future it may be our 
province in another three years to 
present our patrons a sheet still 
larger than the mammoth one we is- 
sue for the first time today." 

And the paper grew until it filled 
the field above hinted at. Ten and 
eleven years after the above was 
written, it not only printed a mam- 
moth weekly, but for a time a daily 
with the regular telegraph report, 
a large monthly magazine, and a 
line of job work footing up five to 
six thousand dollars a year, and 
working fifteen and twenty hands. 
The News brought the first job and 
newspaper power presses south of 
Lawrence and Topeka, and had one 
of the largest and most thorough 
printing offices in the state, outside 
of Leavenworth, Lawrence, and 
Topeka in 187 1-72. 



The first premium list for the first 
attempt at a county fair was pub- 
lished June 23, i860, R. H. Abra- 
ham, president, and P. B. Maxson, 
secretary. 

A very successful celebration 
took place on the Fourth of July, 
i860, being attended by what was 
estimated to be two thousand five 
hundred people, and the town had 
its first display of fireworks on this 
occasion. Bowers were built for 
the celebration and free dinner. 

The new Congregational church 
which was mostly built through the 
determined efforts of Rev. G. C, 
Morse, who was then its pastor, 
was dedicated on Sunday, July 8, 
Rev J. D. Liggett, then of Leaven- 
enworth, preaching the sermon. 

In July tri- weekly service com- 
menced on the Emporia and Law- 
rence hack line and the trip one 
way was made in a day. 

The taxable property in Septem- 
ber, i860, was re})orted to be 
$780,041 : number of horses 1,084; 
cattle, 3,809; hogs, 3,356; sheep, 
1,514. 

Cattle diseases of a fatal nature 
broke out in the summer of i860 
and did great damage. It was 
known as the Spanish or Texas 
fever, and followed the trail of 
Texas cattle driven through the 
county. It caused much loss and 
alarm. Over three hundred native 
cattle died in three weeks in a strip 
three miles wide extending along 
the Neosho and Cottonwood and 
their tributaries for fifty miles. 



36 



ANNALS OF EMPORIA AND LYON COUNTY. 




EMPORIA NATIONAL BANK. 




The Emporia National Bank, which 
we show above, is the oldest bankiug 
concern in this section of Kansas. It 
was commenced in a small way in the old 
Nexvs building, which is shown else- 
where, in 1S67. It is thirty-one years old 
and two of the officers, Messrs. Heritage 
and Soden, who were in it at the start are 
still with it. It has, since its organiza- 
tion as a national bank in 1S72, had but 
two presidents, Messrs. P. B. Plumb and 
Calvin Hood. In all the struggles with 
the hard times and panics it has never 
closed its door, or been very seriously 
affected. Its career has been one of fine 
business management and encouraging 
prosperity. 



MAJOR CALVIN HOOD. 



ANNATES OF KMl'ORIA AND I, YON COLN'I'V, 



37 



I 







■m^ 




L. T. HERITAGE. 



J. M. STEELE. 



Captain L. T. Heritage caine out of 
Union college and Albany Medical 
school to Emporia in 1S57. In 1S61 he 
entered H company of the eighth Kansas 
regiment as a lieutenant. On the trans- 
fer and consolidation of the eighth with 
the ninth regiment, he resigned, and 
soon after joined company C of the 
eleventh Kansas regiment, and went to 
the front as captain of company C. At 
the battle of Prairie Grove, on the 7th of 
December, 1S62, Captain Heritage was 
seriously wouded and disabled. He was 
mustered out of the service in the fall of 
1863 on account of disability arising from 
his wound. In 1S64 he visited New Jer- 
sey, where he remained till the fall of 
1866. In 1867 he was elected county 
treasurer. He started, in company with 
W. T. Soden and J. R. Swallow, Empo- 
ria's first bank, which in April, 1872, was 
organized as the Emporia National bank. 
Mr. Heritage, who had the entire man- 
agement of the old bank, was elected 
cashier of the new organization, and has 
continually held it ever since. He pos- 



sesses the entire confidence of his asso- 
ciates and the community at large. 

Colonel J. M. Steele settled at Law- 
rence, Kansas, in 1857. He was deputy 
clerk of the district court in Dougla.^s 
countv, and from there entered the union 
army, where he served four years, during 
which he was a captain in the twelfth 
Kansas regiment, colonel of the one hun- 
dred and thirteenth colored troops, and 
adjutant of the nineteenth Kansas regi- 
ment, which went west to fight Indians 
under Generals Sheridan and Custer. In 
1S5S Colonel Steele located in Emporia, 
and soon became connected with the 
Emporia National bank, and has been its 
assistant cashier for twentv-five years. 
Colonel Steele lives in one of the elegant 
homes of Emporia, and has held various 
local positions in the city. He is regard- 
ed as one of our best citizens, always 
willing to take a hand at anything to pro- 
mote the best interests of Emporia. 



38 ANNALS OF EMPORIA AND LYON COUNTY. 

County Seat Decided. tain the extent of the losses from 

At the November election on the '^^ destruction ot the crops. Thad- 

loth, Geo. H. Lillie, of Neosho ^"^ ^^'"^^' ^ ^^'- known wealthy 

Rapids was elected representative philanthropist from New York, 

over P. B. Maxson, by one hundred ^''^^ '* ^'^"^ °^ ^'^^ southern part of 

and fifty-f^ve majority, the issue ^'^^ ^^'^^^ '^"^' reported its condition 

being the location of the county- ^^ ^'^e eastern people. There was 

seat. It was the first election after then no surplus from former years 

the change of county lines, adding because of the newness of thecoun- 

three miles from Madison to Breck- try and the limited extent of farm- 

enridge county, taking in the set- i"g- Organizations were made in 

tlements along the Cottonwood almost every neighborhood to solicit 

river. Milton W. Phillips, W. B. ^"^^ distribute aid from the east. 

Davis, and Cyrus Stout were elected These committees in this county 

county commissioners, and Oliver ^^on reported the result of their in- 

Phillips county assessor. Emporia vestigations. In Jackson township 

was chosen as the county seat by a ^^ was found there was enough of 

majority of one hundred and fifty- ^^^ ^^ops with what had been raised 

five votes over all. This was the that year, for home consumption, 

end of the county seat fight in this The other townships were not so 

county. fortunate. The Freemont report 

rr,, , . , showed fifty-eiglit families with 

1 he grasshopper^ m great black , , , , • 1 

, , . two Iiundred and sixty people ; 

swarms almost obscuring the sun . , , , ^ 

. . . . ^ acres improved, one thousand five 

visited this section in September , , , , , • r n 1 

, . , . . , hundred and twelve; in tall wheat, 

devouring everything in their path. , , , , . 

^ one hundred and ninety-one acres; 

R. M. Ruggles moved his law yield, twenty-three bushels ; spring 

office from Americus to Emporia. ^^^.^^^ ^^^ hundred and sixty acres; 

vield, seventy-one bushels ; corn, 

The Great Drouth. ;^^ thousand four hundred and 

This was the year of the longest eighty-nine acres ; yield, about one 
continued and severest drouth we thousand two hundred and fifty- 
have known in this country in for- six bushels ; buckwheat, one hun- 
ty years. It may be said there was dred and two acres; total failure; 
hardly rain enough at any one time potatoes, twenty-nine acres, failure; 
to lay the dust for nearly a vear and vegetables generally, a failure; old 
the showers were "few and far be- corn on hand, two hundred bushels, 
tween." Late in the summer the Pike township reported old corn on 
people began to feel the distress and hand, one thousand six hundred 
to take measures for relief. Meet- bushels; acres in corn that year, one 
ings were held and committees ap- thousand one hundred and thirty- 
pointed in the various townships to five; yield, one tiiousand bushels; 
make a thorough canvass to ascer- three hundred and sixty bushels of 



ANNALS OF EMPORIA AND LYON COrNTV 



39 




L W. LEWIS. 



L. W. Lewis is another of Emporia's 
solid citizens. He commenced here as a 
Santa Fe bridge contractor in 1S69. His 
work was so satisfactory to the railroad 
company that he soon had all he could 
do, and he now employs an average of 
four hundred men. He has climbed up 
the ladder rapidly, and now occupies the 
large and splendid residence shown 
above, on the northeast corner of Fifth 
and Market streets. He is one of our 
most highly esteemed and useful citizens, 
and has been of great benefit to Emporia. 

T. II. Lewis, who settled here in 1S70, 
was a salesman for L E. Perley. After- 
wards he was for several years in the 
clothing trade for himself. In 1SS7 he 
was elected register of deeds for Lyon 
county, and so popular was he with the 
people and so satisfactorily did he fulfill 
the duties of the office that he was elected 
for the third term. Coming out of this 
office, he was appointed assistant post- 
master, which position he is now filling. 




RESIDENCE OF L. W. LEWIS. 



40 



ANNALS OF EMPORIA AND LYON COUNTY 







^ 



II [lliliUl 



GARFIELD BUILDING. 



Kansas, troin her incipiency, has been 
particularly noted for progressiveness; 
especially is this true of her educational 
development. 

Of the cities of Kansas, Emporia has 
and will be ever considered the most 
prominent educational point, for here 
is located one of the largest and best 
state normal schools in the country; here 
we have the College of Emporia, such as 
in early days could only be patronized by 
the wealthy. Emporia supports a busi- 
ness college, a Catholic and numerous 
private schools. However, that of which 
we are most proud, the place of learning 
where all are equal, regardless of color, 
wealth, or social degree, are our public 
schools. 

The stormy days of the rebellion wit- 
nessed the construction of our first school 
building, the "old stone"; then came 
the Union street brick, in 1S69; next the 
old frame one-story building then located 
upon the present site of the Garfield. 
Dr. Frances Jackson presided over this 
school for many years. Many of Em- 
poria's young men and women look back 
to this old school as the seat of their first 
educational experience. The building 
now stands near the round house. The 



other buildings were erected as here in 
dicated. We give the majority vote on 
the bond propositions to show the spirit 
of the people : 



Building. 


C 


^osi Aj 


Majority. 


Date. 


Garfield, 


% 


20,000 


73 


iSSi 


Third Ward, 




6,000 


63 


1SS2 


Fourth Ward, 




6,000 


63 


1SS2 


Central Avenue, 




6,000 


24S 


1SS3 


Walnut Street, 




7,000 


370 


1S85 


Kansas Avenue, 




7, coo 


370 


1SS5 



The West Sixth Avenue school house 
was purchased of district 57 some ji ears 
ago, which, together with a recent addi- 
tion, accommodates the people in the 
western suburbs. 

A handsome addition to the Garfic-ld 
is another recent improvement. Wliile 
our buildings may be excelled in other 
cities for beauty, the progress made by 
the pupils within them is seldom equalled. 
From the wee tot of six to the strong boy 
of twenty, from blocks and pictures, Lat- 
in and trigonometry, a thorough training 
is administered. The graduates of our 
high school number in the hundreds. 
From the last school year these figures 
are deduced : 

Value of school property, $12',, 000; 
number of school rooms, 45; total num- 



ANNALS OF EMPORIA AND LYON COUNTY 



41 



ber pupils enrolled, 2,199; total number 
of teachers, including superintendent 
and substitutes, 45; average salary paid 
male teachers, $53.87 ; average salary paid 
female teachers, $46.06. Total levy for 
school purposes, 14 mills; total amount 
paid out for all purposes, $33,854.48. 
The superintendent receives $1,500 per 
annum; the principal of high school, 
$900 per annum; first assistants, $70 per 
month ; second assistants, $55 per month ; 
fifth and sixth grade teachers, $52.25 per 
month; third and fourth grade teachers, 
47oO per month; first and second grade 
teachers, 52.25 per month. 

Among those who have been elected 
superintendents are numbered: 

P. J. Carmichael, in 1871; A. N. Han- 
na, 1873, on the forty-first ballot by the 
board; Robert Milliken, Chas. T. Cava- 
ness, John A. Reynolds, Buel T. ]:)avis, 
J. E. Klock, William Reece, John Die- 
trich, and our present efficient superin- 
tendent. Professor L. A. Lowther. 

Retrospectively we find the names of 
these gentlemen, who have served as 
presidents of the board of education since 
1S71, consecutively: 

R. M. Overstreet, H. Bancroft, E. W. 
Cunningham, J. L. W. Bell, Geo. M. 
Stowell, J. Jay Buck, A. S. Tandy, D. C. 
McMurtrie, L. B. Kellogg, D. W. Mor- 
ris, H. B, Morse, M. C. Little, R. D. 
Thomas, C. B. Graves. 

Among those who have acted as 
"scribes" are seen the names of: 

E. M. Forde, D. VV. Eastman, L. B. 
Kellogg, Richard Cordley, J. G.Traylor, 
J. C. Burnett, W. F. Ewing, J. W, East- 
man, J. G. Hutchinson. 
Reminiscent notes: 

In 1S71 a bill of $110 for lightning rods 
was allowed by the school board. In 
1S72 the salary of superintendent was 
$1,200. In 1S72 the salary of the music 
teacher $55 per month. In 1S72 the sal- 
aries of the first, second and third grade 
teachers was $75 dollars per month. 
The taxable property at that time was 
$860,000 in this school district. A ten 
mill levy was required to pay the large 



salaries of the boom period of the early 
seventies. 

The members and officers of the board 
of education at present are: 

J. G. Hutchinson, R. S. Lawrence, F. 
H. Bowers, E. P. Bruner, John Hoffer, J. 
D. Eastin, C. F. Ireland, C. B. Graves. 
Judge C. B. Graves, president; Dr. R. 
S. Lawrence, vice president; Howard 
Dunlap, treasurer; Mason McC'arty, 
clerk. 

J. F. Culver. 

(See page 33.) 

Judge J. F. Culver was born near Car- 
lisle, Pennsylvania, November 3, 1S34. 
After going to Dickinson college and 
graduating at Pittsburg Commercial col- 
lege, he taught school two years in Ohio. 
He then located in Pontiac, Illinois, 
where he was in the law and banking bus- 
iness twenty years. He located in Em- 
poria July 3, 1879. The judge has always 
been an active man in church and politi- 
cal affairs. In Illinois he was mayor of 
Pontiac four years, was chairman of the 
Republican central committee seven 
years, deputy county clerk four years, 
and four years judge of the county court ; 
he was also connected with the state re- 
form school ten years, seven years as res- 
ident trustee. Since coming here he has 
been police judge two years and justice 
of the peace two years. As a Sunday 
School worker few men have seen longer 
or more useful service. At Carlisle he 
was a superintendent two years, and at 
Pontiac twelve years. Coming here he 
organized the mission Sunday School 
near the round house, in March, 1880, out 
of which grew Grace church, where he 
has been superintendent for sixteen years 
and still holds the place. He is now an 
attorney and pension solicitor, and is one 
of the busiest men in the city. It will 
thus be seen that Judge Culver's life has 
been a very busy and useful one, and that 
much of his valuable work has been en- 
tirely benevolent. 



42 



ANNALS OF EMPORIA AND LYON COUNTY. 



wheat from two hundred and nine- 
ty two acres. The report from 
Americus township was about the 
same as that from Fremont. In 
Emporia township the yield of corn 
was an average of one bushel per 
acre ; three hundred and forty acres 
of wheat yielded only seventy bush- 
els ; old corn on hand, fourteen 
hundred bushels ; vegetables, a fail- 
ure. These returns show the extent 
of the injury. This calamity alone 
was enough to completely discour- 
age the stout hearted, but follow- 
ing it came the grasshoppers and a 
tax levy of seven mills on the dol- 
lar. No wonder there was general 
complaint and an appeal to the east 
for help. But the people, with the 
characteristic pluck that has always 
been shown by the true Kansan, 
proposed to stick to the ship, and 
did stick to it, and brought it 
through the shoals of despondency 
and discouragement all right. A 
soaking rain finally came on that 
"Good Friday," October 26. More 
water fell that day than had fallen 
in the previous fourteen months. 
The people rejoiced, and with re- 
newed vigor and energy forgot 
their troubles and went to work 
with cheerful hearts. Soon the 
supplies began to come in, and 
while hundreds would not take any- 
thing, other hundreds welcomed 
the aid with thankful hearts. That 
memorable year will never be for- 
gotten by those who passed through 
it. It was an epoch in our history. 
The News of September 29, 1S60, 
says : '"Cooler nights, cloudless 
skies by day, with a circle of haze 



about the sun and a faint moan 
from the north wind remind us that 
the 'melancholy days have come' 
and autumn is here. The other 
day a long line of dark red smoke 
skirted the horizon, showing that 
the grass upon the plains is already 
turning to the fire. The frost will 
be no dread to the Kansas settler 
this year, for the burning sun which 
had for months felt as though it 
came from a hot furnace, has now 
sapped the life out of every green 
thing, and the earth is purpled with 
the tint of mortality. Thus the 
summer, like a sickly child, expires 
with less of regret than if it had 
suddenly been cut down with the 
bloom upon its cheek." 

In these early days of privation 
no class made more sacrifices for 
Kansas than her women. To them 
is due the larger share of credit for 
overcoming discouragements and 
difficulties. Toiling without cessa- 
tion in the heat and in incommodi- 
ous and unshaded habitations, un- 
dergoing sickness, often without 
any of the comforts of life, wearing 
themselves away by incessant 
work, being always confined to 
their uncomfortable homes when 
comforts were not to be had, com- 
pelled to deny themselves of needed 
rest and recreation, no lot was 
harder or more dreary than that of 
the pioneer women of Kansas. But 
they went through it like heroines, 
and tliose who lived to see the tri- 
umph of better days feel proud of 
their success. 

A great blessing came the follow- 
ing January 19, when a great snow 



ANNALS OF KMl'OKIA AND LVON COUNTY. 



43 



Storm set in and continueil without 
cessation tor thirty-six hours. It 
was the closing exercises of the 
great drouth. Snow fell in the 
timber to a depth of twenty- four 
inches. It remained upon the earth 
for an unusually long time and put 
the grountl in good condition for 
spring work. 

The glorious news for Kansas 
was received January 29, 1S61, that 
the state had been admitted into 
the union, and that we had laid 
aside our territorial garments for- 
ever. This news was hailed with 
delight in all portions of the state, 
and preparations were at once made 
to put the state machinery in mo- 
tion. The governor issued his proc- 
lamation convening the legislature, 
and everything assumed a new and 
brighter aspect. 

The first meeting for the organi- 
zation of a military company was 
held in Emporia March 6, 1S61. 

Jacob Stotler was appointed post- 
master at Emporia, succeeding 
Joseph A. Fuller. 

Military. 

The organization of two military 
companies in Emporia completed. 
One of infantry, with Colonel W. 
F. Cloud as captain, and the other 
of artillery, with A. J. Mitchell as 
captain. 

The first company to leave Em- 
poria for the war was the Emporia 
Guartls, under the command of 
Captain W. F. Cloud, who was 
every inch a soldier. Before start- 
ing they were drawn up in line and 



presented with a beautiful flag 
made by the ladies of Emporia, 
through Miss Fannie Yeakley. The 
occasion was one of deep-felt inter- 
est. The flag was in several bat- 
tles, and we think is now in the 
hands of Mrs. Plumb in this city, 
torn by bullets, and a true emblem 
of the bravery and devotion of Em- 
poria's first soldiers. VVe give 
room for the names of the com- 
pany, several of whom left the good 
town forever that bright May 
morning : 

VV. F. Cloud, A. J. Mitchell, C. S. 
Hills, Joseph A. Fuller, Charles Stotler, 
William T. Galligher, W. S. Hunt, Jo- 
seph Rickabaugh, H. H. Suttle, Henry 
Pearce, Max Fawcett, Edward Trask, D. 
S. Gilmore, Frank McFadden, Samuel 
Hamill, William V. Phillips, Charles A. 
Archer, Charles Kiger, William B. 
Tompkins, Louis Haver, Frank Grisey, 

F. W. Hirth, John Curtis, L.A. Loomis, 

G. W. Reed, I. N. Spencer, Isaac Den- 
ham, A. S. Broxson, Abner Brink, P. G. 
Hallberg, Albert Edwards, William Har- 
vey, J. C. Gruvvell, Thomas Miller, B. F. 
W. Perry, William H. Allen, A. J. Hues- 
tis, John P. Sleeper, H. Burt, Isaac Gas- 
ten, M. Myers, John Clark. 

A number of people came in off 
the Walnut and Whitewater rivers 
because of tiie reports constantly 
being received that different tribes 
of Indians intended to make a raid 
on that country. 

Colonel O. E. Learnard, the judge 
of this, the fifth district, having re- 
signed and entered the army, R. M. 
Ruggles was ap})ointed bv the gov- 
ernor to till the vacancy. 

During the balance of the year 
1861 military matters continued to 
absorb public attention, and the 



44 



ANNALS OF EMPORIA AND LYON COUNTY 






^**!' 




v 




5:^' 




FIRST CONGREGATIONAL CHURCH. 



The First Congregational church was 
organized in 1858 by Rev. G. C. Morse, 
and has taken an important part in 
the history oi all work belonging to its 
field. The faithful ministrations of the 
first pastor and his devoted band are re- 
membered by all the older settlers. The 
first building, a wooden structure which 
stood on the site of the present church, 



was dedicated in 1859. The meetings 
had been held in the little town wherever 
room could be found, and hence the joy 
was great when a permanent home was 
provided for the little flock of worship- 
ers. Ten years afterwards the building 
was enlarged, the congregations having 
grown to demand more spacious quarters. 
In 1S79 Rev. Richard Cordley, so well 



ANNALS OF EMPORIA AND LVON COUNTY. 



45 



beloved by all who know him, came and 
took charge of this church. It then grew 
so rapidly that the present building, 
which is an honor to the town and con- 
gregation, was undertaken. It was dedi- 
cated January 9, iSSi. The cost of the 



building and furnishings was something 
over twelve thousand dollars. The church 
has grown solidly, and the high personal 
standing of its membership and congre- 
gation will win for it continually the sup- 
port of the public. 




RESIDENCE OF D. W. MORRIS. 



This is one of the citizens of Emporia 
who has carved out for himself complete 
success. Commencing here a boy, he 
has prospered in all his undertakings, and 
occupies with his family one of the most 
commodious and elegant homes in the 
city. He has other good property and is 
considered one or the wealthy citizens of 
the town. His splendid business judg- 



ment and his devotion to his duties as a 
druggist, have won for him all that he 
started in to accomplish, and he is on the 
right road to achieve further victories as 
a business man and good citizen. He 
has served his ward several times in the 
city council and school board, and has 
always been devoted to the best interests 
of the city. 



46 



ANNALS OF EMPORIA AND LYON COUNTY 




f A rl 




W. F. EWING. 



J. G TRAYLOR. 




D. A. HUNTER. 



P. B. MAXSON. 



AXXALS OF EMPORIA AND LYON COUNTY 



47 



Wm. F. Ewing has been a resident of 
Emporia nearly thirty years, having ar- 
rived here in March, 1S70. He was en- 
gaged in the brick making business, but 
his well known rustling disposition had 
better things in store for him, and in 
1S77 he became county clerk. This office 
he held for three terms, so well did he 
fill the requirements of the people in the 
position. He served one year as county 
commissioner by appointment to fill a 
vacancy caused by the resignation of Mr. 
Bird. Next he was in the hardware bus- 
iness with W. R. Griffith for thirteen 
years. Last year, when it was time for 
the appointment of a new postmaster for 
Emporia, Mr. Ewing was selected to fill 
the position, and is doing so to the entire 
satisfaction of the patrons of the ofiice. 
Mr. Ewing is always enterprising and 
wide awake to the best interests of Em- 
poria. 

David A. Hunter has lived on his farm 
six miles east of Emporia since 1S5S. 
Has represented his district twice in the 
legislature; has always been regarded as 
one of the best men in the county. 
Every worthy object has always found in 
Mr. Hunter a steadfast friend. 

James G. Traylor, who is now a resi- 
dent of Indiana, came to Lyon county in 
1S71. He was a farmer, then a grocery- 
man, and served the county faithfully as 
clerk of the district court for ten years. 
He has a daughter. Miss Alice Traylor, 
who is a teacher in our city schools; also 
a son living here. We may expect Mr. 
Traylor himself to return to Kansas. 

p. B. Maxson settled on a farm eight or 
ten miles north of Emporia in 185S. He 
has been several times a member of the 
house of representatives and state sena- 
tor from Lyon county, as our list pub- 
lished elsewhere will show. Under the 
first Populist administration he served a 
term as railroad commissioner. His life 
here has been active and useful. Among 



his neighbors he has always stood well. 
He is now filling a vacancy in the probate 
judge's office bv appointment of the 
governor. 




J, L DAUGHERTY. 

James L. Daugherty came to Emporia 
in March, 1870, from Indiana, where he 
served in the army as a member of the 
forty-seventh Indiana regiment. He has 
been an active participant in local affairs 
here, and while his business now takes 
him to different parts of the country, 
this is his home and here his family re- 
sides. I le was deputy sheriff under Sher- 
iffs Conner, Bay and Lowe. After this 
he served twelve years as mail agent on 
the Santa Fe. Leaving this service, he 
was for three years freight and passenger 
agent at Des Moines, Iowa. He then be- 
came local agent of the M., K. 6i T. in 
this city for nearly three years, and is 
now immigration agent of the Northern 
Pacific railroad. Mr. Daugherty is what 
is called a hustler, and as such has en- 
gendered some enmities, but we never 
heard his honor or integrity questioned. 



48 



ANNALS OF EMPORIA AND LYON COUNTY. 



spirit of patriotism and loyalty to 
the government continued until the 
county was almost depopulated of 
able bodied men. 

On the tenth of August the bat- 
tle of Springfield occurred, and the 
reports of the casualties to the com- 
pany which had gone from here 
were sad and distressing. Five of 
the Emporia boys were killed in 
this fight. They were Trask, Mil- 
ler, Hamill, Burt and Clark. Soon 
the soldiers began to return singly 
and by couples, and the people 
gathered in groups to heai the war 
news and the tragic experiences 
they had passed through during 
their brief absence. Finally, on the 
6th of October the company arrived 
home in a body, bringing with 
them the flag which the ladies had 
presented. Many were the affect- 
ing scenes enacted on their arrival 
as they carried the torn and blood- 
stained emblem into the city, and 
they were greeted with shouts of 
joy and praise from the hundreds 
who had assembled to greet them. 
A meeting was held in the even- 
ing, at which speeches of welcome 
were extended, and the brave Cloud 
told of their hardships and experi- 
ences. A supper was served to 
them and they were made to fully 
appreciate the feeling of friendship 
and thankfulness that existed for 
them in the hearts of their friends 
at home. 

On the twentieth of September, 
Captain L. T. Heritage left Emporia 
with a company of soldiers he had 
been authorized to raise by Govern- 
or Robinson, to serve as home 



guards, but they were soon mus- 
tered into the regular service. Be- 
fore starting they were presented 
with a flag by the ladies of Empo- 
ria, Miss Mary J. Watson making 
the presentation address. Captain 
Heritage replied, thanking the do- 
nors and pledging protection of the 
beautiful emblem by the company. 
Their bravery was soon put to the 
test and the captain's pledge full}' 
redeemed. 

Meantime the upper Neosho 
country continued to be thrown in- 
to periods of excitement by rumors 
of invasions from various quarters, 
and there were many public meet- 
ings, followed by organizations for 
home protection. In September 
there was an invasion from the In- 
dian Territory of half-breed Indians 
and white men who came into Kan- 
sas as far as Humboldt, which they 
sacked and where they burned some 
houses. Messengers were sent here, 
and the result was the departure of 
a small company for the scene of 
strife, headed by the late Senator 
Plumb. Some returned from Bur- 
lington, having learned that the 
marauders had returned to their 
own country. Mr. Plumb and eight 
or ten of his men went on, however, 
and joined the expedition of Col- 
onel Blunt from Fort Scott. They 
encountered the marauders under 
one Matthews, near the state line, 
in the southern corner of the state. 
Matthews was the leading spirit of 
rebeldom in the territory, and was 
continually fomenting trouble in 
that quarter. It was the rebel in- 
tention to forage ofl' the people of 



ANNALS OF EMl'OKIA AND LYON COUNTY. 



49 




T. H. LEWIS. 
[See page 39.1 



Southern Kansas, but this expedi- 
tion captured Matthews and much 
of his property. Several rebels 
were killed, including the leader, 
and that put an end to trouble from 
that quarter. 

Recruiting for the army was go- 
ing on in Emporia all fall, and Ly- 
on county men were going to dif- 
ferent headquarters almost daily. 
We have only the names of a 
few, including Thomas Murdock, 
who had taken quite a prominent 
part in organizing troops, and iiis 
sons, T. B. anil R. P. Murdock, 
Robert Logan, J. S. Watson, Dr. 
Bailey, and others. 

Excitement also existed in polit- 
ical circles. A district judge, state 
senators and representatives, as well 



as county officers were in the con- 
test. Charges and counter charges 
of sympathy with the rebellion were 
not wanting right here among 
neighbors, and there were people 
in every neighborhood who were 
watched for signs of disloyalty. 
After the republicans, which wns 
always the dominant party here in 
those days, had called their conven- 
tion, and three tovvnships had with- 
drawn from the county convention,^ 
a call for a mass meeting to be held 
at Fremont a few days afterward,, 
appeared, when another ticket was 
nominated. This was inaugurated) 
by several persons who had been' 
active in the republican ranks. 
The new movement was called the 
People's Union convention, and^ 
professed to be a move of all who- 
supported the government in active 
prosecution of the war. The move 
for the new ticket seemed to be so 
popular that even the straight-out 
republicans were afraid to fight it. 
The same nominees were on both 
tickets in several instances, but the 
Union movement succeeded in 
landing into office several of its 
leading men, whicli was probably 
as much as they expected of it. 

We quote this item from the 
News of November 30, i 8 6 i : 

"Fred Hirth, of the Emporia 
Guards, who was severely wounded 
at Wilson's creek, returned last 
week. He is rapidly recovering 
from his wound. lie has in his 
possession a rebel bullet which 
passed entirely through his body.'* 



50 



ANNALS OF EMPORIA AND LYON COUNTY, 




J. B. MOON, 

Jacob B. Moon is one of the old settlers 
of this neighborhood, having come here 
when but a boy. He served this county 
as sheriff two terms, was sergeant-at-arms 
of the house of representatives, and has 
always taken an active part in politics 
and in every move where his influence 
could be exerted for good. 

D. S. Avery was born near Coldwater, 
Michigan, in the year 1845. He served 
three years in the war of the rebellion, 
being an orderly for Major General 
Palmer. He came from the war to Kan- 
sas in 1S65 and settled in the north part 
of Lyon county. Mr. Avery served four 
years as justice of the peace in Agnes 
City township and has been in business 
in Emporia for fourteen years, has been 
a member of our city council, is an all- 
round, wideawake citizen, one who has 
helped to make Emporia and Lyon coun- 
ty what they are to-day. 

Dr. S. E. Northington has been in 
Emporia practicing dentistry about twen- 
ty years and has proved himself by the 




D. S. AVERY. 




Dr. S. E. NORTHINGTON. 

fine character of his work, to rank among 
the best dentists in Kansas. Dr. North- 
ington came here from Tennessee in 
1879, ^"<i entered at once upon a prosper- 
ous practice, which he has held to the 
present. His rooms on Commercial 
street are well fitted for his professional 
work, and the public will find this of the 
very best. 



ANNALS OF EMl'OKIA AND LYON COUNTY 




CHRISTIAN CHURCH. 



If you will look at the picture of 1859 
on the third page, you will see to the 
left a church spire, the only one in the 
town at that time. It belonged to the old 
Christian church on Exchange street. 
This was the first church building in Em- 
poria. It was erected largely through the 
efforts of Elder S. G. Brown, an early 
settler here. The congregation was 
small and in poor circumstances, but it 
did not take long to raise the money for 



the building. The congregation grew 
and prospered and did much good in the 
community. In 1S84 the present church 
building was erected at a cost of about 
$q,ooo. It was dedicated on May 12, that 
year. This church is going on from 
conquering to conquer. With all the 
ups and downs in this county, it has held 
its own and exerted a great influence for 
good. 



52 



ANNALS OF EMPORIA AND LYON COUNTY. 



P. B. Plumb appointed reporter 
•of the supreme court of Kansas. 

February 6, 1863, the bill to 
change the name of this county 
from Breckinridge to Lyon became 
a law, greatly to the delight of the 
inhabitants thereof. 

The assessor, Ross Thomas, re- 
ported the taxable basis of property 
at one million dollars for 1862, 

Company B, ninth Kansas regi- 
ment, composed largely of Lyon 
county men, was sent to Salt Lake 
City as escort for the new governor 
of Utah. 

The seventeen-year locusts made 
their appearance in this section of 
Kansas. 

The saw and grist mill of Ha- 
worth & Soden was entirely de- 
stroyed by fire June i, 1862. It was 
a great loss to that community, 
where it had long been so useful. 

It was estimated that about one 
thousand people attended the quar- 
terly meeting of Friends, held June 
6, 1862, in the new meeting house 
in Pike township. That was a large 
turnout for those days. 

The time changed, and the mail 
from Lawrence was required to 
come through in one day instead of 
two days, as it had always done 
before. Emporia began to feel that 
she was a part of the world. 

Murder of Judge Baker. 

A tragedy occurred in this coun- 
ty, on the Santa Fe trail. July 3, 
which caused a great deal of ex- 
citement, and which was of far 



more than local intere.st. A. I. 
Baker, who had been prominent in 
all the affairs of the county from 
the commencement, was shot and his 
body burned almost beyond recog- 
nition in his burning store. A Mr. 
Segur, Baker's brother-in-law, who 
was shot at the same time, made his 
escape through a back window, but 
died a few hours afterwards. The 
Andersons, Bill andjim, were hard 
cases. Baker had trouble with them 
before they went off to join Qiian- 
trell's gang in Missouri. They 
threatened his life before starting, 
and came all the way on the Santa 
Fe trail from their haunts in Mis- 
souri to put their threats into exe- 
cution. They took Baker unawares 
and sent one of their number ahead 
to get some whisky. When he was 
descending the stairs to his cellar 
the others rushed in and fired on 
him. He fell, wounded, and as he 
did so, pulled his revolver and re- 
turned the fire, and was supposed 
to have wounded one of the gang. 
They then set fire to all of Baker's 
buildings and started on their re- 
turn trip. On their way they com- 
mitted many depredations, stole 
numbers of horses, and returned to 
their rendezvous unmolested. They 
threatened to return and pay Em- 
poria a visit, which luckily they 
failed to do. 

This visit by the guerrillas awoke 
the people of this and some of the 
adjoining counties to the impor- 
tance of taking measures at once 
for self-protection. A mass meet- 
ing of the people of Lyon and Mor- 
ris counties was held at Americus 



ANNALS OK EMPORIA AND LYON COUNTY. 



53 



on the twenty-first day of July to 
adopt a plan for such organization. 
The discussion developed the fact 
that we could get no help from the 
government, but must depend on 
ourselves. A central committee to 
have charge of the matter was ap- 
pointed. The committee consisted 
of P. B. Plumb, T. S. Huffaker, 
William A. Shannon, A.J. Mitch- 
ell and Dr A. White. In Emporia 
and some of the other towns every 
citizen was required to join a mili- 
tia company. Here the members 
patroled the streets every night till 
late in the fall. The defense was 
felt to be inadequate, but it was the 
best that could be done. Every 
citizen was armed, and most ^[of 
them were required to sleep at a 
guard house in the center of the 
town in order to be ready at any 
moment for action. Fortunately 
nothing occurred which called the 
citizens to defend their homes. 

In August, 1863, a call was made 
for three new regiments of soldiers 
from Kansas, and Mr. Plumb was 
authorized to raise one company 
from Emporia and vicinity. Meet- 
ings were held in the county Jby 
General Ewing, and the result was 
that a company was raised in Em- 
poria and surrounding country, and 
most of another at Americus,(and 
vicinity. These left for Fort Leav- 
enworth September 2, where' they 
were soon armed and sent to the 
front. Captain Plumb was imme- 
diately promoted to major of*the 
regiment. They gave a splendid 
account of themselves wherever en- 
gaged. About one hundred and 



fifty men went from this county, 
and it was again almost depleted of 
its able-bodied men. 

December 27, word reached here 
o( the battle of Prairie Grove, in 
which company C, eleventh regi- 
ment, was engaged. Captain Her- 
itage was shot through the leg just 
above the knee, very seriously ; 
Charles Stotler was shot in the 
back of the head, from which 
wound he died a few days after- 
wards ; O. Y. Hart, Max Fawcett 
and Charles Hyde were slightly 
wounded; S. M.Anderson, mortally 
wounded. Major Plumb wrote that 
the battle was a desperate one and 
that our men fought like heroes. 

The completion of Soden's mill, 
south of town, was announced. 
This was an important event for 
the community. It has always been 
a great helper to the commercial in- 
terests of the town, and has done 
much to aid our progress. 

A Baptist church was organized 
in Emporia. 

After several meetings and a 
good deal of talk, an organization 
was made of a cotton growers' asso- 
ciation in 1S63. Nearly everybody 
expressed the opinion that cotton 
could be raised here profitably. But 
the excitement about the matter 
subsided after several meetings. 

Emporia made an earnest efibrt 
for the location of the State Uni- 
versity and received in the house of 
representatives thirty-two votes to 
thirty-three for Lawrence. But 
fate had a better thing in store for 
us. The State Normal School was 
located here soon after without op- 



54 



ANNALS OF EMPORIA AND LYON COUNTY. 




H. C. CROSS. 

Colonel H. C. Cross was a resident 
of Emporia, Kansas, for over thirty years. 
The residence, which was erected but a 
short time before his death, is one of the 
largest, most complete and elegant in the 



city. Colonel Cross and family came to 
Kansas in 1S65 from Clark county, Ohio, 
as soon as he was relieved from the army, 
where he was captain. He opened an 
office for the practice of law, and was 
soon after appointed deputy collector of 
revenue. He was afterwards elected the 
first mayor of Emporia when we became 
a city of the second class. He filled sev- 
eral local positions with marked ability, 
including a directorship in the M., K. & 
T. railroad. He was always conspicuous 
for his unselfish devotion to the interests 
of Emporia. He was appointed as one 
of the receivers of the M., K. & T. rail- 
road when its financial troubles came on 
some years ago, and showed such ability 
as a financier and railroad manager that 
the road was relieved from receivership, 
and he was then appointed president and 
general manager of the company, which 
position he held till his death. He was 
the leader in establishing the Neosho 
Valley bank, which soon after became 
the First National, which has prospered 
from the start, and was its president for 
many years. Colonel Cross was success- 
ful in all his undertakings, and made a 
record for good which lives after him. 




HOME OF MRS. H. C. CROSS. 



ANNALS OF EMPORIA AND I.YON COUNTY 



55 



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56 



ANNALS OF EMPORIA AND LYON COUNTY. 




THE NATATORIUM. 



Emporia is fortunate in having a good 
Natatorium with all modern fixtures. It 
is located on Commercial street, and is 
the property of Dr. J. G. Northington, 
who also has first-class dental parlors on 
Sixth avenue. We make a good interior 
showing of the Natatorium in the An- 
nals. It has become quite a resort, for 
the lovers of the art of swimming, while 
the dental parlors secure their full share 
of the custom of those who require the 
services of an artist in that line. 

Van R. Holmes, who died recently, 
came to Lyon county in 1857, and settled 
on a farm a few miles east of Emporia. 
After spending some years as an agricul- 
turist he moved tp Emporia and engaged 
in business, and was prosperous. He ac- 
cumulated valuable holdings of property 
and was interested in several enterprises 
of benefit to the city. Mr. Holmes was 
public spirited and active for the interests 
of Emporia. He was for some years en- 
gaged in the real estate and loan business. 
He left a first-class record as an honor- 
able and straightforward man and good 
citizen. 



E. M. Forde came to Emporia in 1S71, 
nearly thirty years ago. He was first a 
lawyer's clerk in the office of Ruggles & 
Plumb. Leaving this position he formed 
a law partnership with the late Almerin 
Gillett, which lasted several years. Dur- 
ing his residence here Mr. Forde was 
fourteen years city clerk, and is now and 
has been for eighteen years, grand re- 
corder of the grand lodge of the Ancient 
Order of United Workmen. Mr. Forde 
is a gentlemen of high character and first- 
class abilities, and has performed all his 
duties with credit to himself and the sat- 
isfaction of all interested. 

D. M. Davis came to Emporia in Jan- 
uary, 1S78, and soon entered the service 
of the First National bank. He was 
elected teller in 1S84 and cashier in 1892. 
He rose rapidly in the esteem of his em- 
ployers and the public, lie served a term 
in the city council, where his course was 
very generally satisfactory, and in all r«- 
lations of life he has acquitted himself 
with credit, and is esteemed as one of 
Emporia's best citizens. 



ANNALS OF E.Ml'OKIA AND I-YON COUNTY 



57 



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VAN R. HOLMES. 



E. M. FORDE. 





I. E. PERLEY. 



D. M. DAVIS. 



58 



ANNAI.S OF EMPORIA AND LYON COUNTY. 




J. N. WILKINSON. 

Professor J. N. Wilkinson, ot the State 
Normal School, is the head of the train- 
ing department of that institution, and is 
secretary of the faculty. He was born in 
Ohio, and lived twenty years in Illinois 
before coming to his present position 
fourteen years ago. He is a graduate of 
the Illinois Normal University, and has 
taken summer study in Harvard Univer- 
sity and the University of Jena, Germany. 

He is regarded in the Kansas State 
Teachers' Association as a man of unusu- 
al executive ability. His management as 
president of that association in 1S89, se- 
cured the largest enrollment of members 
the association has ever had, surpassing, 
indeed, every other state of the Union. 
He is a man of recognized influence in 
the National Educational Association, in 
which he stands at the head of the list of 
active members from this state, as having 
the longest continuous record in that list. 
He is a public-spirited citizen, and is now 
serving his second term in the city coun- 
cil, to which he was elected on the unan- 
imous nomination of both of the rival 
city conventions. 



position, and we believe that Em- 
poria would not trade with Law- 
rence to-day. 

A train of eighteen heavily load- 
ed wagons, headed by Thomas Ar- 
mor, left for Colorado markets the 
latter part of June. Mostl}' Lyon 
county bacon and flour. 

This part of the country was 
thrown into a state of excitement 
by the receipt of a dispatch from 
United States Marshal McDowell, 
stating that a number of bush- 
whackers, headed by the murder- 
ous Qiiantrell, had been seen on the 
Santa Fe trail coming west ; and 
that he believed they intended to 
sack and burn Council Grove and 
then come to Emporia. The mar- 
shall had with him a posse of thirty 
armed men, and was following them 
in hot pursuit. A small number of 
men left here at once and joined 
them at Council Grove. The guer- 
illas had been seen about the Grove 
in small numbers. Bill Anderson, 
the murderer of Judge Baker, had 
been recognized. Two of the sus- 
picious characters were arrested by 
Marshal McDowell and sent to 
Fort Riley under guard. When 
near the fort they attempted to es- 
cape and were killed. The pursuit 
was continued to the west, and at 
Diamond Springs it was found 
they had robbed and killed a Mr. 
Howell and severely wounded his 
wife. The pursuers came upon a 
number of the guerillas' wagons, 
guarded by ten men at the crossing 
of the Cottonwood, and took them 
prisoners. It was evident that the 
cut throats found that they were 



ANNALS OF EMl'ORIA AND LVOX CJUNTV 



59 



closely pursued, and so they turned 
down the Cottonwood, and by 
keeping in the ravines made their 
escape. They crossed the Neosho 
above Americus and got back on 
the Santa Fe trail. A company of 
twenty-seven men, well armed, left 
here to attempt to cut them off, but 
they were too late, as the guerillas 
hastily retreated to their haunts in 
Missouri, committing numerous 
depredations on their way. The 
Emporia company continued to the 
head waters of the Walnut, as it 
was feared that a portion of the 
guerrillas had gone that way. 
Finding no evidence of their where- 
abouts, they returned home. 

The First School House. 

On the twenty-fifth day of June, 
1S63, at the annual school meeting, 
the question of voting five thousand 
dollars in bonds to build a new 




THE FIRST SCHOOL HOUSE. 

school house in this district, num- 
ber one, was submitted to the peo- 
ple, and after a full discussion, it 
was decided to build what is now 
the old stone building on Constitu- 
tion street. Many doubts were ex- 
pressed as t© the advisability of un- 



dertaking so large a building, and 
some predicted ruin as the result of 
such a policy, but Emporia-like, 
even at this early day, a goodly ma- 
jority were for the bonds, hit or 
miss, and so a board, consisting of 
J. R. Swallow, director; Jacob 
Stotler, clerk, and John Hammond, 
treasurer, was elected to carrv out 
the wishes of the people. The 
bonds were issued in pursuance to a 
law passed the previous winter, 
authorizing their issue. This was 
the first school building erected in 
the state by the aid of bonds, and it 
was the largest district school house 
in the state when it was completed. 
While the old house is not much to 
brag on now, it must be remem- 
bered that it was the beginning, 
and its erection was undertaken 
when we hardly knew whether 
"school was going to keep or not.'* 

Quantrell Raid. 

On Snnday, August 30, news 
reached here of the burning of 
Lawrence and the murder of one 
hundred and fifty or more of her 
citizens by Quantrell. Nearly ev- 
erybody was attending a campmeet- 
ingat the old Rinker ford when the 
news arrived. Immediately the 
deepest gloom took possession of 
the people, and their hearts were 
stirred with sympathy for their 
neighbors and friends. As we now 
remember, only three Emporia peo- 
ple were in Lawrence at the time 
— Major E. P. Bancroft and wife 
and A. R. Bancroft. The major 
had come up from the south, and 



6o 



ANNALS OF EMPORIA AND LYON COUNTY. 




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ANNALS OF EMPORIA AND LVON COUNTY 



6l 




RESIDENCE OF C P. THEIS. 



C. P. Theis became a resident of Em- 
poria in the spring of iS6S. He opened 
a shoemaker's shop, which he carried on 
for some years, and then added a stock 
which has grown to be a large concern. 
By close application to business, careful 
dealing, and those gentlemanly qualities 
for which he is known, Mr. Theis has 
prospered and accumulated the surround- 



ings which have made him well off. He 
is known as one of our most reliable and 
substantial business men. He was long a 
member of our city council and has for 
twenty-one years been chief of our fire 
department. He lives in one of the most 
desirable residences in the city, which is 
shown in the Axnals. 



was at the Eldridge house sick, and 
his brother had gone after him. In 
this house were forty or fifty guests, 
and they were marched out on the 
sidewalk, where it was expected 
they would be shot after being 
robbed. The house was burning 
rapidly. Hon. Robert S. Stevens, 
one of the prisoners, held a parley 
with Quantrell, and through 
shrewd strategy finally induced him 
to march the prisoners to a place 
of safety under guard. It was 
through his coolness, intrepidity 
and sagacity that their lives were 
saved. The Bancrofts arrived here 



Sunday and brought the first news 
of the terrible affair. The people 
here organized a relief committee, 
and five hundred dollars were for- 
warded from this county at once to 
the Lawrence sufferers through I. 
E. Perley, the treasurer of the fund. 
In 1864, when Price and his army 
came north and threatened to over- 
run the state, the Lyon county 
militia, to-wit, the eleventh regi- 
ment, rallied to the eastern border 
three hundred strong to assist in its 
defense, leaving here October 11. 
They were out a month, and did 
active and valuaole service. 



62 



ANNALS OF EMPORIA AND LYON COUNTY. 



Our Railroads. 

The most important thing done 
during 1864 was the securing of 
the location here of what after- 
wards became the A., T. & S. F. 
railway. Congress had given to 
Kansas grants of land for a system 
of roads in the state. One of them 
was for a line from Lawrence to a 
point on the Neosho river where 
the route from Atchison via Tope- 
ka in the direction of Santa Fe 
crossed the Neosho river. This was 
rather indefinite as to the point of 
crossing the Neosho, and our peo- 
ple made up their minds that an 
amendment must be made. It 
would not do to take any chances 
in a matter that promised to be- 
come of so much importance to 
them. They took the proper steps, 
and soon the bill granting the land 
was amended so as to make Empo- 
ria the point and terminus of the 
Lawrence road, and that brought 
the other one to cross the Neosho 
here. These two afterwards be- 
came the Santa Fe route. At the 
same time a road which was pro- 
vided for through the Neosho val- 
ley was given a grant of land from 
where the above named road 
crossed the Neosho to a point at or 
near Fort Riley. This started the 
M., K. & T. project, aud it was soon 
built. This action in securing the 
amendments to the original bill 
fixed the destiny of Emporia as the 
leading point in this section of the 
state. 

The Methodist church, the old 
stone building which stood on the 



site of the present structure, was 
dedicated June 26, 1864, by Rev. 
D. P. Mitchell, one of the eminent 
preachers of that denomination. 

Beginning to Grow. 

It is useless to say that the afflic- 
tions which had befallen the coun- 
try — first, the severe drouth and 
grasshoppers, and right after them 
the war, had almost put a stop to 
all improvements and growth in 
this part of the country. It had 
been a period of gloom and discour- 
agement, but this condition was 
not to last. In 1S63 there was 
a very perceptible change for 
the better. In 1864 it was still 
more noticeable that things were 
"coming our way" slowly, but sure- 
ly. There was a large soldier im- 
migration to our county. From a 
little over three thousand popula- 
tion in 1S63 we increased rapidly 
until 1870. 

A county agricultural society had 
been struggling to hold a fair, with- 
out success, but it did not give up 
the effort, and the next year, 1S64, 
held the first fair for Lyon county 
on the Neosho, in the bend north of 
Emporia, near the present M., K. 
& T. railroad bridge, on the twenty- 
eighth, twenty-ninth and thirtieth 
of September. It was, considering 
all things, a success. 

In 1S64 steps were taken to or- 
ganize the Neosho Valley railroad, 
now the M., K. & T. Meetings 
were held throughout the valley 
which were characterized by enthu- 
siasm. On the I3th of September, 
1S65, we had our first vote for rail- 



ANXALS OK KMPORIA AND LYON COUNTY 



63 



road bonds. They were voted for 
the Lawrence and Emporia road. 
This enterprise was originated by 
Gen. James H. Lane, who came to 
the county to urge the matter, hold- 
ing his first meeting in Emporia. 
The amount voted was $135,000. 

These bonds were never issued, 
as no work was ever done on the 
road. The fair of 1S65 was held 
at the same place as the one of the 
year before, and was closed in one 
day, September 21. It was a fail- 
ure. 

In the spring of 1S66 the com- 
missioners published a statement 
showing the assets of the county to 
be $14,308.20, of which $8, 000 was 
cash or its equivalent, and under 
these circumstances it was deemed 
best to erect a building for court 
house and jail. The question was 
submitted March 26, the amount to 
be expended not to exceed $20,000. 
The vote resulted as follows: For 
the building: Americus, 5 ; Em- 
poria, 218: Jackson, 40; Pike, 49; 
Fremont, 12; Waterloo, 3; total, 327. 
Against : Americus, 43; Agnes 
City, 10; Elmendaro, 17; Emporia, 
3 ; Jackson, 49 ; Pike, 2; Fremont, 
20; Waterloo, 23; total, 167. The 
building was erected on a plan fur- 
nished by John Hammond, by 
Thomas Armor and P. B. Maxson, 
for $19,795. 

This season work was also com- 
menced on the Normal school build- 
ing, for which an appropriation of 
$10,000 was made by the legislature, 
the contract having been let to John 
Hammond for carpenter work, and 



Howe & Griffith, stone work, at 
$15,300. 

In June, 1866. there were great 
rains and freshets, the Neosho and 
Cot ton wood over flowing their banks 
and spreading over the bottoms, do- 
ing much damage. 

Eighty thousand dollars worth of 
cattle were sold in Emporia and 
vicinity this year. 

In the fall of 1867 we were visit- 
ed by grasshoppers which came too 
late to do much damage, but they 
deposited millions of eggs. 

We had $40,000 worth of school 
houses. 

On the 24th of April the town 
and county were well shaken and 
frightened by shocks of an earth- 
quake. 

On the first of May a meeting 
was held in Emporia to talk of the 
prospects of the Topeka and Em- 
poria railroad, afterwards the A.,T. 
& S. F. railroad. 

Wheat this year reached the enor- 
mous figure of $3.00 per bushel; 
flour, $10.00 per 100; corn, $1.50. 
This was owing to the visitation of 
the grasshoppers the fall before, 
which prevented the sowing of 
wheat, and the expectation that the 
billions of eggs would hatch and 
efi'ectually destroy the crops this 
season. In the latter expectation 
the peojile were happily disappoint- 
ed, as the spring was cold, wet and 
backward, and the insects disap- 
peared without doing serious dam- 
age. 



64 



ANNALS OF EMPORIA AND LYON COUNTY. 




COLLEGE OF EMPORIA. 



The Presbyterian church has always 
believed in education, and the Presbyte- 
rians of Kansas are not behind in this 
matter. For many years their synod in 
Kansas had under consideration the es- 
tablishment of a college central in loca- 
tion and thorough in curriculum and 
equipment. Various committees were 
appointed to devise plans and secure 
offers of a site suitable for founding such 
a college. These efforts finally' culminat- 
ed in the acceptance by the synod, in 
1S82, of the offer of the citizens of Em- 
poria of thirty-eight acres of land and 
forty thousand dollars in money. Many 
names might be mentioned of the citi- 
zens of Emporia who labored earnestly 
to accomplish this result. Rev. J, F. 
Hendy, D. D., Rev. R. M. Overstreet, 
Hon. S. B. Riggs, Hon. O. D. Swan, 
Major Calvin Hood, and a score of others 
assisted in this work. 



A board of trustees consisting of twen- 
ty-one members was elected by the synod 
of Kansas, one-third to be elected annu- 
ally and the term of office being three 
years. The first president of the board 
was the Hon. Albert H. Horton, chief 
justice of the supreme court of Kansas. 
As his work was of such a character that 
he could devote little of his time to this 
work, he was, at his own request, relieved 
of the duties of the position, and Col. 
John B. Anderson, LL. D.,was chosen in 
his place. Hon. S. B. Riggs, of Em- 
poria, was chosen secretary, and Hon. H. 
C. Cross, treasurer. 

Steps were taken by the trustees, very 
soon after their incorporation in October 
1S82, to commence the work of instruc- 
tion. 

Early in 1883, Rev. F. S. McCabe, D. D. 
of Topeka, was elected president of the 
College, but he declined the place and 



ANNALS OF EMPORIA AND LYON COUNTY 



65 



Rev. J. F. Ilendy, D. D., of Emporia, 
was elected in his place. He retained 
this position for ten years when he was 
succeeded by Rev. J. D. Hewitt, U. D., 
who died April 20, 189S, and whose place 
has not yet (May, 189S,) been filled. 

The College was formally opened to 
students in November, 1S83, in rented 
rooms. Rev. Robert Cruikshank, D. D., 
was the only professor, and the total en- 
rollment of students for the year was only 
seventeen. One of these students. Prof. 
Jas. D. Barnett, A. M., finished the 
course and was graduated from the Col- 
lege in June, 1890. 

During the next year the College work 
assumed more definite shape; more 
teachers were employed and a total of 
seventy-three pupils was enrolled in all 
the departments — most of them being in 
preparatory work. Professor H. M. 
Kingery became a member of the faculty 
during this year and to him much of the 
success of the College as regards breadth 
of curriculum and thoroughness of work, 
must be ascribed. His work of organiza- 
tion, instruction, and discipline contin- 
ued through seven years of the College's 
history was very important. 

The recitations this year were held in 
rooms on the third floor of the Addis 
building, corner of Sixth avenue and 
Commercial street. During the next 
year the buildings known as the Normal 
boarding halls on Commercial street be- 
tween Eighth and Ninth avenues were 
used for recitation purposes. Several 
new teachers were employed and the en- 
rollment of students increased. 

Meanwhile the work of erecting a suit- 
able building for the College was vigor- 
ously prosecuted by the board of trustees 
and in the fall of 1886 the building was 
sufficiently near completion to use for 
class-work. The building is amply large 
for all the needs of the College, though 
several rooms are as yet unfinished. 
Since then Mr. William Austin has given 
money for the completion of the hand- 
some chapel and the Christian associa- 
tions have each finished a room for 



their meetings. Now the literary socie- 
ties are agitating the finishing of rooms 
for society meetings. 

Although the College has had a very 
small endowment, and has been harassed 
by a debt incurred in erecting the build- 
ing, yet owing to the courtesy of the 
treasurer, Major Calvin Hood, salaries 
have been paid, current expenses have 
been met and the College has reached a 
fair measure of success. 

With a well defined purpose on the 
part of the faculty to maintain a high 
standard of instruction and to do strict! v 
academic work and college work, it has 
gone steadily forward, each year increas- 
ing its enrollment in the collegiate de- 
partment and graduating each year a 
larger per cent, of its students than the 
other colleges of the state. 

The alumni and alumna- now number 
sixty-five, including the classes from 1SS9 
to 1897. They are maintaining their po- 
sition in competition with other college 
graduates in theology, law, medicine, 
teaching, business, and other lines of 
work. Besides those who have been 
graduated from the College, many others 
have been students one or more years in 
the institution, the total enrollment dur- 
ing the fifteen years of its history having 
been over six hundred twenty-five. 

In 1S91 the synod reduced the number 
of the trustees to fifteen and the next year 
reorganized the board, giving each Pres- 
bytery in the state representation. 

In 1892 Rev. J. D. Hewitt, I). P., was 
elected vice president and financial sec- 
retary, and after the resignation of Pres- 
ident Ilendy he was chosen president of 
the College. To his untiring energy, 
consecration and zeal, coupled with rare 
business tact and judgment, much of the 
success of the College is due. At the 
time of his assuming charge of the finan- 
ces there was a large debt which was re- 
duced over one-half during his adminis- 
tration, and the efficiency of the College 
increased. Had he been spared a little 
longer it seems as though he would have 
been able to wipe out the debt entirely. 



66 



ANNALS OF EMPORIA AND LYON COUNTY 



OFFICERS OF THE BOARD OF TRUSTEES. 

Presidents: Hon. Albert H. Horton, 
Col. John B. Anderson, LL. D.. Rev. 
Theo. Bracken. 

Vice Presidents: Rev. Wm. Bishop, D. 
D., Rev. F. S. McCabe, D. D., Hon. N. 

C. McFarland, LL. D., Rev D. H. Stew- 
art, Rev. Wm. Foulkes, D. D. 

Secretaries: Hon. S. B. Riggs, Rev. J. 

D. Hewitt, D. D., Rev. S. B. Fleming, 
D. D, 

Treasurers: Hon. H. C. Cross, Major 
Calvin Hood. 

FACULTY. 

Rev. John F. Hendy, D. D., 1SS3- 
1893; Rev. Robert Cruikshank, D. D., 
1SS3-1SS7; Hugh M. Kingery, Ph. D., 
18S4-1891 ; Miss M. Elizabeth Abbot, A- 
M., 18S4-1S87; Miss Kate Abbot, 1S85- 
1887; Robert King, M. D., 1885-1891; 
Reuben S. Lawrence, Ph. D., 1885 — ; 
*Emanuel Richter, 1887-1893; Henri G. 
Behoteguj,A. M., 1887-1S92 ; Emanuel C. 
Zartman, 18S7-1SS9; Miss Madge J. Over- 
street, 1S87-1SS9; Miss Ida D. Bennett, 
18S9-1890; Robert Welton, 1SS9-1S90; 
Mrs. Annette L. Simpson, 1889-1S91 ; 
Hon, Chas. B. Graves, 1889 — ; Miss 
Agnes Law, 1889-1893; Rev. Wm. R. 
Kirkwood, D. D., 1890 — ;Miss Adele Fay, 
1890-1891 ; Horace W. Marsh, A. M., 1891- 
1892; William E. Henderson, Ph, D., 
1891-1893; fRev. John D, Hewitt, D. D., 
1892—; Rev. Wm. D. Ward, A. M., 
1892— ;William H. Maurer, Ph. M., 
Vernon L. Parrington, A. M., 1893-1897; 
1893-1S95; Miss Ethel Page, A. M., 1894- 
1896; Miss Clara B. Morgan, A. M,, 1894- 
-1895; Francis W. Bushong, A. M., 1S95 — 
Rev, Wm. S. Morley, A. M,, 1896— ; John 
Van Schaick, Jr., A. B., 1897 — . 



* Died August, 1893. 
i Died April 20, 1898. 

P. G. Hallberg has always been a prom- 
inent actor in Emporia affairs. He came 
here in 1858, and borrowing a small sum 
of money at ruinous interest, he com- 
menced business in a small way, we be- 
lieve on Market street between Fifth 
and Sixth avenues. It was not long, by 
the practice of the severest economy, till 




P. G- HALLBERG. 
Mr. Hallberg began to get the best end 
of the struggle. He built a small house 
on Commercial street, and then a larger 
one. He soon became widely known as 
one of our shrewdest and most prosper- 
ous merchants, and the profits annually 
ran up into the thousands. He erected a 
still larger building for his heavy trade. 
Soon after this he purchased the small 
fruit and vegetable farm of twenty acres, 
adjoining the city on the south, and re- 
tired from the mercantile business. He 
served one ♦^'"•m as county commissioner 
greatly to the best interests of the county. 
It would have been a good thing for the 
people had he been retained in the posi- 
tion a much longer period, because of his 
good business judgment and sterling 
honesty. In all his career here he has 
been a staunch friend of our home inter- 
ests. His energy and capital have taken 
the lead in promoting various enterprises 
for the benefit of this people, and at 
heavy sacrifices, too. Mr. Hallberg has 
been for many years a stockholder and 
director in the Emporia National bank, 
and still has sufficient strength to stand 
any demand that "rainy days" are liable 
to make upon his exchequer. 



ANNALS OF EMTORIA AND I. YON COUNTY. 



67 




THE WHITLEY OPERA HOUSE. 



On the 29th of June, 1867, the 
proposition to issue $200,000 of 
county bonds to aid in the construc- 
tion of the M., K. & T. railroad, 
called then the Southern Branch of 
the Union Pacific, was submitted. 
The vote resulted as follows: 
For the bonds: Agnes City, 6; 
Americus, 54; Emporia, 215; El- 
mendaro, 27; Fremont, 48; Jackson, 
39; Pike, 31 ; Waterloo, 4; total, 424. 
Against: Americus, 4; Emporia, 
1 1 ; Elmendaro, 7; Fremont, 3; Jack- 
son, 61; Pike, 9; Waterloo, 21; to- 
tal, 1 16. 

In January, 186S, twenty-nine 
schools were reported in session in 
the county. The agricultural soci- 



ety was reorganized, and the first 
county Sabbatii school association 
made. 

In December of this year the long- 
continued rain and snow, and the 
open weather, made the roads very- 
bad. They were almost impassa- 
ble. The price of wood made it a 
luxury, it rising to $10 per cord. 

On the 15th of June, 1S69, a vote 
was taken in the county on the 
proposition to issue $200,000 of 
bonds to aid in the construction of 
the Atchison, Topeka and Santa 
Fe railroad. The result was as fol- 
lows: For the bonds: Emporia, 
457; Pike, 67; Fremont, 46 ; Center, 
23; Elmendaro. 23; Jackson, 30; 



68 



ANNALS OF EMPORIA AND LYON COUNTV 



Waterloo, 12; Americus, xi; total, 
669. Against: Einpoiia, 6; Pike, 
2c;; Fremont, 27; Center, 7; Elmen- 
daro, 54; Jackson, 78; Waterloo, 70; 
Americus, 90; Agnes City, 10; to- 
tal, 341. It may sound a little in- 
credulous, but it is a fact that when 
we had only c;,ooo to 6,000 popula- 
tion we had voted on ourselves a 
railroad debt of $400,000. Railroads 
came high but we had to have them. 
So we grew and strengthened. The 
railroads brought us prosperity. 
Thousands of people came and set- 
tled with us. In 1S73 Lyon county 
had 62 schools, with 3,191 scholars, 
paid teachers $18,816, a district 
school tax of $33,813, and had sixty 
school houses, valued at $68,000. 

Companies C and E of the elev- 
enth Kansas regiment and members 
of other companies returned to their 
homes in this county and were 
heartily welcomed by the people. 

H. B. Norton arrived to become 
associated with Mr. Kellogg in con- 
ducting the Normal school. 

On Thursday, September 14, a 
grand soldiers' reunion was held in 
Emporia to formally welcome home 
all the soldiers who had returned 
from the army. The afi'air was 
conducted successfully throughout 
and there was a large gathering of 
ihe people. 

The first band in Emporia organ- 
ized in September, 1866, was com- 
posed of the following members : 
Geo. Waite,J. R. Hall, A. R. Ban- 
croft, Thos. Manter, Max Fawcett, 
S. R. Hall, E. R.Trask, Sam'l Hall, 
H. V. Bundrum, John Bay, J. T. 
Pierson, H. C. Clark. 



In 1866 at the election there was 
an increase of 189 votes in Lyon 
county over the number cast in 
1865. Tiiis shows something of the 
growth of the county at that time. 

The new Normal building was 
dedicated Wednesday, January 2, 
1867, with interesting ceremonies. 
It was built of stone and stood on 
part of the site of the present build- 
ing. 

The first bank in Emporia was 
started by J. R. Swallow, L. T. 
Heritage, and W. T. Soden in 1867. 
It was the predecessor of what is 
now the Emporia National bank, 
and Messrs. Heritage and Soden 
are still connected with the institu- 
tion. Thirty-one years is a long 
time to be together in the same busi- 
ness. It was located in the corner 
room in the old News building, cor- 
ner of Commercial street and Sixth 
avenue. 

This was the year of the excite- 
ing canvas on female suffrage in 
Kansas. We had all the prominent 
people here to speak, including Su- 
san B. Anthony, Elizabeth Cady 
Stanton, Lucy Stone Blackwell, 
Antoinette Brown, George Francis 
Train, and others. Seventy-five 
women of Emporia published a card 
saying they wanted to vote. 

Emporia post office made a money 
order office. 

Dr. L. D Jacobs returned to Em- 
poria, August, 1867, and resumed 
the practice of medicine. 

The first term of the State Nor- 
mal School opened in the upper 
story of the old Constitution street 



ANNALS OF EMTORIA AND LYON COUNTY 



69 




MASONIC TEMPLE. 




RESIDENCE OF JOHN MORGAN. 

This picture is of the home ot John gaii came here when a boy, and has 
Morgan. He has one ot the nicest loca- grown up and prospered witli the country, 
tions and homes in the citv. Mr. Mor- 



70 



ANNAI-S OF EMPORIA AND LYON COUNTY. 




S. B. WARREN. 
Captain S. B. Warren became a citizen 
of Emporia in the spring of 1875. ^^ 
soon entered actively into business and 
became one of the most widely known 
and most popular men in the town. He 
established the Warren Mortgage Com- 
pany which is still doing a prosperous 
business under charge of his sons. Dur- 
ing his residence here he served as mayor 
of the city, and one term in the house of 
representatives, both to the satisfaction 
of our people. As a citizen, Captain 
Warren was progressive, generous and 
energetic. He was ever found on the side 
of what he believed to be right, and his 
judgment in all matters was generally ac- 
cepted as sound. His death was unani- 
mously regretted by all classes of people. 

I. E. Perky — See page 57. 
I. E. Perley came to Emporia in 1S5S. 
He had been a resident of Topeka for 
some years before that, and there married 
Miss Jennie Allen, who survives him. 
He was an active and successful business 
man here over thirty-five years. His par- 
ticipation in public affairs is shown in 
our official record. 



building, February 15, 1S65. with 
Hon. L, B. Kellogg as teacher. He 
came from the State Normal School 
of Illinois. Eighteen students were 
in attendance. The first board of 
directors was as follows : Ex-offi- 
cio, the governor, S. J. Crawford, 
state treasurer, Wm. Spriggs, state 
school superintendent, I. T. Good- 
now, and Messrs. C. V. Eskridge, 
T. S. Huffaker, J. M. Rankm, G. C. 
Morse, James Rogers and J. W. 
Roberts, of Oskaloosa. 

That year it was undertaken to 
build a large boarding house for the 
Normal school, which resulted, after 
much effort in the erection of a 
three-story stone building on the 
southwest corner of Sixth and Mer- 
chants streets. For lack of funds 
this building was abandoned, and 
was afterwards turned into a hotel, 
the Robinson house, and the board- 
ing house company erected a couple 
of frame buildings on upper Com- 
mercial street which were long used 
by students for boarding houses. 

The Second Congregational 
church (Welsh) was organized in 
March, 1868, with seventeen mem- 
bers. 

September i, 1869, Riggs, Dun- 
lap & Co., opened the third bank 
in Emporia, which afterward be- 
came the Emporia Savings bank, 
with the following directors : P. 
B. Maxson, Howard Dunlap,J. Jay 
Buck, Dr. J. J. Wright and T. N. 
Sedgwick. 

April I, 1875, J- ^- Graham 
bought a half interest in the Em 
porta News. 



ANNALS OF EMPORIA AND LVON COUNTY. 



71 




E. W. CUNNINGHAM. 

This gentleman hung his sign in Em- 
poria as an attorney, in iS6q, and has been 
in evidence as a lawyer, Christian work- 
er, and in politics and every good work 
since. He has been probate judge, city 
attorney, and member of the school 
board, and held other important trusts. 
He has always been one of our most sub- 
stantial men, and lives in one of the best 
residences in the city. Judge Cunning- 
ham is widely known for his fearless 
espousal of the temperance cause, for his 
kind-heartedness as a neighbor, and gen- 
eral usefulness wherever his services were 
needed. He has been superintendent of 
the First Methodist Sabbath school for 
over a quarter of a century, and is a 
marked example of what correct living 
and good work will do for a man. 

The bill appropriating .113,000 
for the running expenses of the 
Normal School was defeated by the 
legislature of 1876. This was a se- 
vere blow to the school, the worst 
it had ever received. The directors 
gave President Pomeroy authority 



to do the best he could with the in- 
stitution, and he organized it, 
placed it in the best shape he could, 
and kept it up in a creditable man- 
ner until the end of the year. 

Emporia entertained the South 
Kansas M. E. conference commenc- 
ing March I, 1876, Bishop Peck 
presiding. This conference elected 
E. W. Cunningham as one of the 
delegates to the general conference. 

Great interest was taken here in 
the centennial celebration of that 
year. Many people attended the 
exhibition from this city and county. 
The tallest stalk ot corn on the ex- 
hibition grounds was contributed 
by the Emporia N'ews from the 
farm of James O'Toole, near Neo- 
sho Rapids. 

Return Lutz, son of Lewis Lutz, 
was murdered at his farm a few 
miles north of Emporia, while he 
was asleep on Tuesday night, June 
19, 1877. This was one of the most 
mysterious murders ever committed 
in any country. The young man 
who lived with Return was tried 
for the crime, on circumstantial evi- 
dence, and the most thorougli inves- 
tigation made by professional de- 
tectives, but no satisfactory clue 
was ever found in the case. 

Rev. O. J. Shannon, pastor 
of the Congregational church, was 
killed here in a Santa Fe car on 
Tuesday, April 9, 1878. There 
was a railroad strike here, and the 
governor had sent a militia compa- 
ny to guard the railroad property 
and keep the peace. The step was 
ill-advised because there had been 



72 



ANNALS OF EMPORIA AND LYON COUNTY. 




Albert Taylor Hall, State Normal School. 



no violence to speak of. The gov- 
ernor, Geo. T. Anthony, had been 
requested to move his company 
from the city, for fear of an out- 
break between the militia and the 
citizens, as their presence in a quiet, 
peaceable town was very obnoxious 
to the people. Steps were taken 
that morningf to move the troops 
and they were being loaded into 
cars for that purpose. Mr. Shan- 
non had stepped into one of the 
cars and was talking with some of 
the soldiers, when a gun was acci- 
dently discharged and he was in- 
stantly killed. It required a good 
deal of persuasion from the cooler 
and wiser citizens to keep the peo- 
ple from mobbing the militia. The 
company was soon withdrawn from 
the city. 



In February, 1877, bonds were 
voted at the rate of $4,000 per mile 
to build a narrow guage railroad 
through the county in the direction 
of Eureka, by nearly a thousand 
majority. 

The annual convention of the 
Episcopal church of Kansas, was 
held hereon June 4, 1S78, Bishop 
V^ail presiding. 

The Emforia Daily Ne-jos was 
re-established by Stotler & Graham, 
November 31, 1S7S. 

Saturday morning, October 26 
1S7S, the large, fine Normal build- 
ing which had been erected in 1S73, 
was entirely destroyed by fire. The 
loss was about $8^,000, as the old 
stone building just in the rear of 
the brick structure was included in 
the fire. This was a serious blow 



ANNALS OF EMPOKIA AM) LVON COUNTY. 



73 




FIRST PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 



The First Presbyterian church was or- 
ganized by Rev. James Gordon, Novem- 
ber 9, 1S67, with eleven members. Caleb 
Beckcs was the first ruling elder. Rev. 
R. M. Overstreet took charge in the 
spring of 1S69. Sixty-eight members 
were added in a little over a year. The 
church held its meetings in hired rooms. 
It soon took a strong hold on the com- 
munity by reason of the ability, earnest- 
ness and high standing of its ministers 
and membership, and a church building 
was undertaken. This was dedicated on 
the third of December, 1871. This build- 
ing was substantial and comfortable and 
answered the purpose of its construction 
very well for some years. But Emporia 
grew and Presbyterianism grew with it, 
and so there must be a new and larger 
Presbyterian church. The work of the 
present elegant structure was commenced 
in the summer of 1S95. The corner 
stone was laid on the fourteenth of Oc- 



tober, that year. The building was com- 
pleted and consecrated for worship May 
i6, 1S97, and the congregation is now en- 
joying one of the handsomest and most 
commodious homes in southern Kansas, 
built at a cost of about $21,000. 

Since the organization of the church 
here, one thousand two hundred and six- 
ty-two persons have been enrolled as 
members. The present membership is 
four hundred and fifty, which, consider- 
ing everything, is a very encouraging 
showing. 

Rev. F. J. Sauerber, pastor. 

Elders: — Geo. Smith, W. C. Long, 
N. B. Maynes, Dr. R. King, D. C. Mc- 
Murtrie, Prof. R. S. I^awrence, Prof. C. 
A. Boyle. 

Trustees: — Prof. C. A. Boyle, Major 
C. Hood, N. B. Haynes, J. J. Edwards, 
Prof. L. A. Lowther. 

T. F. Davenport, clerk. 

B. Salisbury, secretary and treasurer. 



74 



ANNALS OF EMPORIA AND LYON COUNTY. 




RESIDENCE OF JOHN HENNING. 

John Henning has been in Emporia tention to his business has accumulated a 
well on to thirty years, and by industry competency. He has been a useful citi- 
and economy has something to show for zen, always ready to help along every- 
his work. Among other things is the 
handsome residence which we show in 
the Annals. His meat market has al- 
ways enjoyed a prosperous trade, and by 
his shrewd business habits and strict at- 



thing calculated to advance the interests 
of Emporia. He enjoys the respect of 
our citizens, and is one of our substantial 
men. 



to the Normal and the city, but 
fortunately, by the united efforts of 
the state and city, the building was 
rebuilt. 

In January, 1S79, the county 
commissioners made sale of the 
county's $300,000 stock in the San- 
ta Fe company, and with the money 
purchased $151,000 of the bonds of 
the county issued for pay of the 
stock. 

The Reformed church was organ- 
ized here Sunday, February 9, 1S79. 

At the election, November 4, 
1879, the city voted on the question 



of issuing $50,000 in bonds for wa- 
terworks. The vote was, for bonds, 
461 ; against 160. 

President Ha^'es and General 
Sherman went through Emporia on 
their way from Neosho Falls fair 
to Dodge City. They were greeted 
by about two thousand people, and 
the President made a short speech, 
and General Sherman answered the 
call of the people and appeared on 
the rear platform of the cars. 

March i, 1880, Messrs. Alex. 
Butts and Frank P. MacLennan be- 
came interested in the A^*?^^, Mr. J. 
R. Graham retirin2. 



ANNALS OF EMl'ORIA AM) I, YON COUNTY 



75 




The business house of this company, so 
long and favorably known here, is shown 
above. This concern has been here 
in active business for nearly twenty years. 
It is known widely as one of the best 
business houses in southern Kansas, and 
is always up-to-date in styles of its various 
goods, with quantities in its various lines 



PETERS HARDWARE COMPANY. 

to supply any demand that may be made 
upon it. It takes three ground floor 
rooms besides various warehouses to ac- 
commodate the immense stock it keeps. 
The Messrs. Peters are successful busi- 
ness men and stand high in every relation 
of life. 




ODD FELLOWS BLOCK. 



76 



ANNATES OF EMPORIA AND LYON COUNTY. 




HON C. V. ESKRIDGE 



It is useless for us to write any histor- 
ical sketch of ex-Lieutenant Governor 
iEskridge. He has been an every day 
man here for over forty-one years, having 
settled here in the spring of 1S57. He 
has been businessman, public otTicer, and 
•editor ever since. He has erected several 
of our substantial business houses, and 
thus contributed in a practical way to the 
upbuilding of our city. These Annals 
tell what public positions he has held. 



and the people know how faithfully he 
has discharged every public duty that has 
been entrusted to his hands. They know 
he has been their friend, and always did 
his best for local interests. His hand- 
some and commodious residence was one 
of the earliest constructed of its size. We 
also present his picture which has been a 
conspicuous figure in Emporia ever since 
the town started. 



ANNALS OF EMPORIA AND LYON COUNTY 



77 




C. V. ESKRIDGE'S RESIDENCE. 



The new Normal building, a part 
of the present structure, was dedi- 
cated June i6, iSSo, the address be- 
ing delivered by Judge D. J. Brew- 
er, now of the supreme court. 

The waterworks were formally 
opened in June, iSSo, and w'ere the 
first built in the state. 

The worst cyclone ever known 
here passed over the country just 
south of the Cottonwood, on Satur- 
day, April 20, 18S0. Some fifty 
buildings were blown down and 
there was ruin in the track of the 
storm. Help was at once organ- 
ized and a hearty response was im- 
mediately made including over $500 
in cash. 

General Grant visited Emporia, 
July 5, 1880, and his reception was 
turned into a Fourth of July cele- 
bration. He was driven about the 
city and to Soden's grove, where he 
made a short speech. An immense 
concourse of people greeted and 



honored him as never any other man 
has been greeted and honored in 
Emporia. At the grove, after be- 
ing introduced by Col. H. C. Cross, 
General Grant made this speech : 

Ladies and Gentlemen of Emporia: 

There are more of you here than I can 
possibly make hear me if I was to do 
my utmost to make myself heard. I as- 
sure you that it is very gratifying to me 
to see so many American people out here 
where but a few years since the buffalo 
and the wild Indian occupied the territo- 
ry, and it is gratifying to me also that 
this country, which when I first saw it, 
constituted and was supposed to be a part 
of a desert, which the farmer never could 
cultivate, has been so prosperous. In 
our whole beautiful country we have 
none that looks to be more productive 
than the very land I see around me here. 
I wish for all of you continual prosper- 
ity in your new homes. May they con- 
tinue productive in all industries. I like 
Kansas. I like the Kansas people; they 
implanted in our soil the principles of 
universal liberty. If all the population 
of our country was like the pop'ilatio 



78 



ANNALS OF EMPORIA AND LYON COUNTY. 




TOM EVANS, of Hartford. 



You can see Tom Evans, of Hartford, 
in these Annals as he appears in his 
every day working clothes. He has been 
one of the stand-bys at Hartford for nearly 
twenty years, and has always been a good 
worker, not only in his locality but for all 
of Lyon county. For four years he was 
Lyon county's sheriff and it may be said 
without disparagement to others, that the 
county never had a better public servant. 
It is said that during his two terms he 
landed more criminals in the penitentia- 
ry than any other sheriff who has occu- 
pied the office. Mr. Evans is now en- 
gaged in the fine stock business. He has 
two farms near Hartford, and attends 
strictly to business. 

E. p. BANCROFT, 

Major E. P. Bancroft was a prominent 
and very efficient actor in our early his- 
tory. He opened a real estate oftice in the 
old hotel building in the spring of 1S57. 
In everything touching the interests of 
the new town and country he was called 



upon to take a leading part, and he did 
his duty well. He was our first state 
senator, and afterwards filled other im- 
portant positions. In the contest for the 
location of the county seat he took great 
interest, and made a strong, manly fight 
for Emporia. In the Emporia News., the 
the editor being sick during the entire 
campaign, the Major made an able fight 
for Emporia, one that will not be for- 
gotten by old citizens. He was one of 
the commissioners to select the public 
lands for the state institutions, and was 
a prominent participant in other impor- 
tant public duties. He was a major in the 
army, and coming home, started the 
Real Estate Register, which he published 
for several years, which contributed in a 
large measure to the growth of the city 
and county. He is now engaged in busi- 
ness in California, and the Annals is 
glad to learn is prospering. He erected 
the three-story building on the corner of 
Commercial and Fifth, long known as 
Bancroft hall, then the largest in the 
state. 



ANNALS OF EMPORIA AND LYON COL'NTV 



79 




T. N. SEDGWICK. 

This gentleman became a resident here 
nearly thirty years ago, when a mere boy. 
After doing various things he entered 
upon the study of the law and soon 
opened a law office and loan agency. He 
was not lacking in energy and those other 
qualities which went to make him suc- 
cessful. He built up a good practice, 
and in 1S76, after an animated contest, 
he was elected gounty attorney, and was 
re-eiected in 187S. He grew in strength 
in his profession, and gathered a lucra- 
tive practice. He held other important 
positions, and was attorney for corpora- 
tions, including the M., K. & T. railroad. 
He was some years ago appointed the 
Kansas attorney for the M., K. & T., and 
is enjoying a lucrative salary. He is held 
in high esteem by his employers and as- 
sociate orticers, and by the people of his 
old home here. Tom Sedgwick has carved 
for himself, unaided, a marked success. 

This gentleman was tor many years a 
prominent actor in our local af^fairs. He 
settled here in 1857, and was engaged in 
business here for many years, most of 
the time as a merchant." Mr. Frederick 
was a man of great energy and industry. 




G. W, FREDERICK 

He held several county and city offices, 
and gave good satisfaction as an officer. 
He always stood high in the public esti- 
mation. His health failing, he went to 
California in the early eighties, where he 
still remains. He has been reasonably 
prosperous in that state, and his picture 
shows he is reasonably hearty looking. 

ED, BORTON. 
When this gentleman died Emporia 
lost one of its best and wisest citizens. 
He was the pioneer hardware merchant 
of the town. We regret that we have no 
picture of him. His settlement was made, 
with his interesting family, in 1857. 
Mr. Borton became interested in politics 
early and he retired from the mercantile 
line. Our lists show that he was several 
times elected to important county and 
city offices, and this does not show all 
because he sometimes served in various 
offices as deputy. In all these places his 
record is that of a faithful, competent 
and honest officer. Mr. Borton was al- 
ways a useful and good citizen. He was 
quiet in his habits, out-spoken, and was 
a good friend to those he regarded as 
friends. He accumulated a comfortable 
fortune. 



8o 



ANNALS OF EMPORIA AND LYON COUNTY. 




JOHN W, LOGAN, 
John VV. Logan, whose picture appear 
above, came here a boy in 1S57. He is 
the son of the late Robert Logan, who 
lived many years at the south edge of the 
city on Commercial street. John was on 
the farm till the war broke out when he 
enlisted in Captain Heritage's company 
C, eleventh Kansas. He belongs to a 
loyal, fighting family, which had a father 
and three brothers in the service, though 
the first named was over age when he en 
listed. After the war Mr. Logan went to 
Colorado, where he was engaged in the 
milling and lumber business for about 
twelve years. Returning to Emporia he 
was soon appointed a mail carrier for the 
city, being one of the oldest carriers in 
the town, and is noted for his faithful 
devotion to his duties. Mr. Logan is 
highly esteemed by all who know him. 

of Kansas, our noble institutions would 
have nothing to fear. You were born in 
the struggle for freedom, when civil war 
overrun our land. If all our people will 
be like the people of noble Kansas we can 
always be a free nation. Gentlemen, I 
thank you. 



The first session of the Neosho 
valley editorial association met at 
Emporia, May 35. 

The second cyclone burst upon 
this country immediately north and 
west ot Emporia. It occured late 
in the afternoon of October 6, 1881. 
Four persons were killed, many in- 
jured. A number of houses were 
demolished. Among those killed 
was a very beautiful ten months 
old child of Mr. Richards, who had 
taken the News premium at the 
fair a week before. 

The city council grants a fran- 
chise for street railway in Emporia. 

Emporia organized a board of 
trade early in 1881. 

The telephone company was or- 
ganized January 22, 1881. 

St. Paul's new Reformed church, 
corner of Constitution and Ninth 
streets, was thrown open for pub- 
lic worship for the first time, Jan- 
uary 23, i88i, with appropriate 
ceremonies by Rev. J. G. Shoemak- 
er, the pastor. 

The school bonds carried by 126 
majority. This was for the first 
building of the Garfield school. 

The hotel Coolidge, now the 
Whitley, was thrown open to the 
public, April 21, 1S81. It was 
considered one of the finest struct- 
ures of the kind in the state. It 
was built of local capital and by a 
joint stock company of our own cit- 
izens. It was managed by E. K. 
Criley & Co., now of Indianapolis 



ANNALS OF EMPORIA AND LYON COUNTY 



8l 



County Elections. 

The following is a full list of the 
elections held in this county from 
the start : 

At the session of the legislature in 1858, 
the form of county and township govern- 
ment was so changed as to require the 
election of three township supervisors, 
the chairman of which was a member of 
the county board of supervisors. The 
county board was therefore composed of 
five members, as follows: Emporia, P. 

B. Plumb; Americus, William Grimsley; 
Agnes City, C. Columbia; Cottonwood, 
William Eikenberry; Kansas Center, 
William H. Watkins. Mr. Storrs having 
resigned the office of county treasurer, 
H. W. Fick was appointed in his stead 
in August, 1S58. At the same time 

C. V. Eskridge was appointed by the 
governor clerk of the board of super- 
visors. At the territorial election, Octo- 
ber 4, 185S, L. D. Bailey was elected to 
the legislature from Madison county, as 
one of the members from the "nineteen 
disfranchised counties." At this election 
the vote was taken on the county seat. 
Americus had 202 votes and Emporia 
18S. In April, 1859, Judge Baker re- 
signed the probate office and Mr. Esk- 
ridge stepped into his shoes by appoint- 
ment. 

On the twenty-third of April, 1859, 
a mass meeting of the republicans of 
the county was held at Fremont to take 
into consideration the propriety of or- 
ganizing the republican party in the ter- 
ritory. 

Up to this time all had acted, politic- 
ally, under the titles of Free State or 
Pro-Slavery. This convention was com- 
posed of fourteen delegates. Judge J. II. 
Watson presided and F. G. Hunt was 
secretary. The great meeting at Osa- 
watomie to organize the republican par- 
ty in Kansas had been called, and if the 
movement met with favor here the Fre- 



mont convention was to elect delegates 
for this county. A set of resolutions 
was adopted, some of which are rather 
a curiosity at this day, considering the 
radical composition of the Fremont con- 
clave. They declared that states had a 
right to have slavery if they wanted it; 
while they regarded the institution with 
abhorrence, they disclaimed any right or 
intention to interfere with it where it 
existed; opposed the right of suffrage 
for colored men, and favored their colo- 
nization in Central America. The dele- 
gates elected to the Osawatomie conven- 
tion were Oliver Phillips, J. M. Rankin 
and D. Swim. This year, 1859, tbe peo- 
ple adopted the proposition, by popular 
vote, submitted by the legislature, to 
form a constitution and state govern- 
ment. The vote in Breckinridge for the 
proposition was 313, against, 16. Govern- 
or Medary issued his proclamation for 
the election of delegates to the conven- 
tion, which was to meet at Wyandotte, 
the election to take place June i. Breck- 
inridge, Osage, Morris and Chase formed 
a district, and were entitled to send two 
members to the convention. The con- 
vention to nominate candidates was held 
in Emporia on the twenty-first of May. 
At this convention J. M. Winchell, of 
Osage, who was afterward president of 
the convention, and William McCulloch 
were nominated. S. N. Wood, of Chase, 
and II. J. Epsy, of Morris, were the op- 
posing candidates. At this election 
Breckinridge county cast 379 votes, of 
which 32S were for Winchell and McCul- 
loch. The Wyandotte constitution was 
submitted to vote of the people on the 
fourth of October. The vote of Breck- 
inridge county was 511, of which 488 were 
for and 23 against. At the first election 
held under this constitution, L. D. Bai- 
ley, of Emporia, was elected one of the 
supreme judges of the state. The terri- 
torial election was held November 8. 
The county-seat question was the prin- 
cipal issue locally. A convention was 



82 



ANNALS OF EMPORIA AND LYON COUNTY 



held at Americus on the eleventh of Oc- 
tober. The ticket nominated was in that 
interest. The election took place No- 
vember 8. The vote of the county on 
congressman was 371 for M. J. Parrott, 
S. W.Johnson, 145; territorial council- 
man, Chester Thomas, Sr., 364, P. C. 
Schuyler, 71; representative, S. G. Elli- 
ott, 3S7, E. C. Stevens, loi ; county su- 
perintendent, Leroy Crandall, 32S, R. C. 
Brant, 160; probate judge, A. J. Mitchell, 
409, C. H. Withington, 94; register of 
deeds, J. R. Swallow, 399, Robert Best, 
92; sheriff, E. Goddard, 231, J. B. Cox, 
75, W. H. Mickel (independent), 173; 
treasurer, R. W. Stevenson, 355, J. S. 
Pigman, 120; county attorney, S. L. Ken- 
yon, 393; clerk, David McMillan, 27S, 
R. Parham, 218; surveyor, H. S. Sleeper, 
413, J. Butler, 62, W. C. Butler (inde- 
pendent), 29; coroner, R. W. Cloud, 387, 
D. Shafer, 93. The election for officers 
under the Wyandotte constitution was 
held December 6, 1859. This county 
was in the fifth judicial district, com- 
posed of Breckinridge, Cnase, Morris, 
Osage, Madison, Hunter, Butler, Coffey 
and Woodson. O. E. Learnard, of Bur- 
lington, was nominated over J. H. Wat- 
son, of Emporia, at a convention held at 
Ottumwa, on the nineteenth of October. 
Watson afterwards ran as an independent 
candidate. The twelfth senatorial dis- 
trict was composed of Breckinridge, 
Osage and Coffey counties, and had two 
senators. The same district had six rep- 
resentatives. The apportionment agreed 
upon was, Breckinridge, one senator and 
three representatives; Coffey, one sena- 
tor and two representatives, and Osage, 
one representative. At the republican 
convention, held at Ottumwa, October 
18, E. P. Bancroft, of Emporia, was nom- 
inated for senator; G. A. Cutler, of For- 
est Hill, R. W. Cloud, of Waterloo, and 
George H. Rees, of Americus, for repre- 
sentatives. The vote of the county was 
as follows: On state ticket, average re- 
publican, 400; democratic, no. District 
judge, Learnard, 175, Watson, 304; (no 
returns from Agnes City); senator, E. 
P. Bancroft, 377, R. M. Ruggles, 117. 



The representatives carried the county 
by about the same majorities. A. J. 
Mitchell was elected probate judge; Da- 
vid A. Painter, clerk of the district court, 
and Ephraim Phillips, county superin- 
tendent. At the session of the territorial 
legislature in 1S60, the law was so changed 
as to require the election of three com- 
missioners and an assessor on the nine- 
teenth of March. At a mass meeting in 
Fremont, W. B. Davis, E. P. Bancroft 
and W. T. Soden were nominated for 
commissioners, and Oliver Phillips for 
assessor. An opposition ticket was com- 
posed of William Richardson, of Water- 
loo, J. J. Campbell, of Jackson, E. L. 
Davis, of Pike, for commissioners, and 
S. L. Kenyon, of Americus, for assessor. 
The vote stood: Davis, 361, Richardson, 
199; Bancroft, 371, Campbell, 123, So- 
den, 346; Davis, 240; Phillips, 308, Ken- 
yon, 276. About 650 votes were polled at 
this election. A. G. Proctor, of Empo- 
ria, was elected a delegate to the national 
convention at Chicago by the territorial 
convention that year. 

A list of the post offices and postmas- 
ters in the county in iS6o is as follows: 
Emporia, J. A. Fuller; Fremont, I. D. 
Elliott; Italia (now Neosho Rapids), F. 
R. Page; Forest Hill, T. Mclntire; 
Americus, J. A. Brown; Agnes City, A. 
I. Baker; Allen, C. H. Withington; De- 
cora, E. Goddard; Waterloo, W. H. 
Mickel; Waushara, J. B. Bancks; Plym- 
outh, David McMillan. The county seat 
was the absorbing interest in the general 
election of 1S60. A convention was held 
in Emporia, October 15. George H. Lil 
lie, of Neosho Rapids, was the Emporia 
candidate, and P. B. Maxson, the Amer- 
icus candidate for representative. The 
vote in the convention was a tie, and it 
adjourned without inaking nominations. 
The election took place November 6. 
The vote was as follows: Representatives, 
George H. Lillie, 366, P. B. Maxson, 211; 
commissioners, Milton W. Phillips, 376, 
W. B. Davis, 374, Cyrus Stout, 366, J. 
Campbell. 204, William Richardson, 209; 
Thomas Stanley, 207; superintendent of 
schools, Watson Foster, 3S0; assessor. 



ANNALS OF EMI'OKIA AND LYON COUNTY 



83 



Oliver Phillips, 3S0, Lero^- Crandall, 193. 
The vote on the county seat was: Empo- 
ria, 3S4; Americus, 241; Breckinridge 
Center, 14; Forest Hill, i. This election 
forever put an end to the contest tor 
county seat. 

A vacancy occurred in the ottice of 
state senator by the death of Mr. Kerr, of 
Coffey county, and when we were ad- 
mitted into the Union an election was 
called to fill the vacancy. A convention 
was held at Neosho Rapids on the twenty- 
seventh of February, 1S61. F. W. Potter, 
of Coffey, and Hiram S. Sleeper, of 
Breckinridge, were the candidates. The 
convention, after two sessions, failed to 
nominate, and the two men appealed to 
the people. The election was held March 
5. The United States senatorial question 
was in contest. Sleeper being the Lane 
candidate. He received a majority of 93 
votes in this county, and carried the dis- 
trict by 300 majority. In July, R. INL 
Ruggles was appointed district judge in 
place of O. E. Learnard, who had entered 
the army. In the summer of this year, 
A. J. Mitchell having entered the army, 
S. L. Kenyon was appointed probate 
judge in his stead. At the session of the 
state legislature in March, Jacob Stotler, 
who had served the winter before as as- 
sistant secretary of the territorial council, 
was elected assistant secretary of the state 
senate. At the republican convention in 
Emporia, October 8, 1S61, a disagreement 
arose, and the delegates from Americus, 
Freemont and Agnes City townships 
withdrew. They claimed that the north 
side of the county was ignored. The 
following ticket was put in the field: 
Treasurer, J. R. Swallow; clerk, E. Bor- 
ton; register of deeds, F. G. Hunt; sher- 
iff, W. H. Mickel; assessor, Ross Thom- 
as; probate judge, Noyes Spicer; sur- 
veyor, E. B. Kirkendall ; commissioners, 
W. B. Davis, Thomas Stanley, A. J. An- 
drews; coroner, D. VV. Appleby. A call 
soon appeared for a mass convention, 
signed by many influential citizens from 
all parts of the county. It was made on 
the basis of no party distinction — loyalty 
to the government the only test. It was 



held at Fremont, Thursday, the seven 
teenth day of October. It nominated the 
following ticket: Representatives, P. B. 
Plumb and P. B. Maxson ; sheriff, R. W. 
Cloud; Register of deeds, Ed. Trask; 
treasurer, S. G. Brown; probate judge, 

B. T. Clark; coroner. Dr. A. White; 
clerk and assessor, same as on republican 
ticket; commissioners, Thomas Stanley, 
A. P. Burns, George S. Saxton. Mean- 
time a representative convention of the 
counties had been held at Neosho Rap- 
ids, on the fifteenth of October, at which 

C. V. Eskridge and Watson P'oster had 
been nominated for Breckinridge countv. 
On the same day, and at the same place, 
a convention for the judicial district had 
nominated William R. Saunders, of Cof- 
fey county, for judge, to fill the unex- 
pired term of Colonel Learnard. George 
II. Lillie, of Breckinridge, was nominat- 
ed for district attorney, an office created 
by the last legislature. R. M. Ruggles 
was announced as an independent union 
candidate for judge. Much interest was 
manifested in the result. The election 
took place November5, and the result in 
the county was as follows: Judge, .Saun- 
ders, 252, Ruggles, 230; district attorney, 
Lillie, 266, Fearl, 88; representatives, 
Eskridge, 268, Plumb, 234, Maxson, 258, 
Foster, 205: commissioners, Andrews, 
479, Stanley, 455, Davis, 295, Burns, 197; 
probate judge, N. Spicer, 270, Armor 
(Clark, the Fremont nominee, having 
withdrawn), 213; sheriff, Cox (demo- 
crat), 164, Cloud, 127, Mickel, u8, Clark, 
77; treasurer. Swallow, 313, Brown, 16S; 
register. Hunt, 225, Horace Suttle (inde- 
pendent), 98, G. W. Frederick, 16S; 
clerk, Borton 488; assessor, Thomas, 
480; surveyor, Walker, 269, Kirkendall, 
122; coroner, Appleby, 172, White, 199. 
Plumb, Maxson and Eskridge were elect- 
ed to the legislature, and Ruggles as dis- 
trict judge. At the same election there 
was a vote on tiie state capital, Lawrence 
receiving 248 and Topeka 201. At the 
close of the legislature Mr. Plumb was 
appointed reporter of the supreme court. 

On the sixth of September, 1862, Oliver 
Phillips was appointed a member of the 



84 



ANNAI-S OF EMPORIA AND LYON COUNTY 



board of county commissioners, to fill 
the vacancy occasioned by the death of 
W. B. Davis. Soon after, J. M. Miller 
was appointed county superintendent, to 
fill vacancy occasioned by the removal of 
Watson Foster from the county, and R. 
Parham took the place of J. B. Cox as 
sheriff, the latter having entered the 
army. At the session of 1S62 a new ap- 
portionment for members of the legisla- 
ture was adopted, which gave this county 
three representatives, and with Green- 
wood, a senator. At the election, which 
took place November 4, the following was 
the result: Total vote, 498; senator, P. 
B. Maxson (no opposition), 461 ; repre- 
sentatives sixty-fourth district, C. V. 
Eskridge, 182; sixty-fifth district, F. R. 
Page, 95, J. G. Tallman (independent;, 
66; sixty-sixth district, John W. Loy, 76, 
W.A.Shannon (independent), 46; pro- 
bate judge, Noyes Spicer, 484; clerk of 
district court, P. H. Hunt, 479; sheriff, 
D. W. Appleby, 242. J. C. Haskell (inde- 
pendent), 136, R. W. Cloud, 81; county 
superintendent, J. M. Miller, 474; com- 
missioners, C. G. Lynch, 469, J. H. Hunt, 
470; The successful persons composed 
the republican ticket, nominated Octo- 
ber 21. 

1S63. — Election held November 3; no 
county nominations; 351 votes polled. 
District attorney, George H. Lillie, 309: 
A. S. Howard, 137, Silas Fearl, 62; rep- 
resentatives, sixty-fourth district, C. V. 
Eskridge, 135, Jacob Stotler, iiS; sixty- 
fifth district, A. K. Hawk, 62, G. H. 
Lillie, 40, Isaiah Booth, 26, E. H. San- 
ford, 29; sixty-sixth district, Joseph 
Frost, 56, R. H. Abraham, 46; clerk, E. 
Borton, 324; sheriff, S. J. Mantor, 247, 
A. R. Bancroft, 139, Robert Parham, 136; 
treasurer, J. C. Fraker, 313, Jonathan 
Hunt, 197; surveyor, E. B. Kirkendall, 
242, William Butler, 147, James Means, 
133: register of deeds, O. Y. Hart, 269, 
F. G. Hunt, 258; assessor, Ross Thomas, 
329, E. B. Murrell, 83, W. H. Clark, 37, 
J. D. Wiggin, 74; coroner, D. W. Ap- 
pleby, 261 ; S. P. Hart, 210; commission- 
ers, sixty-fourth district, R. B. Hurst, 
279, John Hammond, 99, Eli L. Davis, 



131; sixty-fifth district, J. C. Bunch, 469; 
sixty-sixth district, T. H. Stanley, 389, S. 
Bruner, 92. 

On the twenty-third day of April, 
1864, N. Spicer was appointed to the office 
of clerk of the district court in place of 
Hunt, resigned. At the election of 1864 
there was an increase of fifty votes over 
the previous year. J. R. Swallow, of 
Emporia, was elected auditor of state. 
J. H. Watson, who had been nominated 
by the republican convention at Neosho 
Rapids, October S, had 354, Ruggles (in- 
dependent), 181; senator, C. V. Esk- 
ridge, 351, Maxson (independent), 188; 
representatives, sixtj'-fourth district, Ja- 
cob Stotler, 210, Thomas Armor, 30; 
sixty fifth district, F. R. Page, 97, J. G. 
Tallman, 52, D. H. Baker, 36; sixty-sixth 
district, Obed King, 24, Watson Grenell, 
33, R. H. Abraham, 65; district couri 
clerk, Noyes Spicer, 500; probate judge, 
T. Mclntire. 503; county attorney, F. G. 
Hunt, 412; county superintendent, T. M. 
Gruwell, 316, G. C. Morse (independent), 
240; for a jail, 240, against a jail, 254. 
The successful ticket was that nominated 
by the republicans. 

At the following session of the leg- 
islature, held in 1865, Jacob Stotler was 
elected speaker of the house without op- 
position. 1S65 — This fall there was a 
republican convention at the Christian 
church on the twelfth of October, and at 
its work and the manner thereof there 
was widespread dissatisfaction. Many 
republicans openly repudiated its action, 
and an opposition ticket was brought out. 
The election took place November 7, and 
was warmly contested. The names fol- 
lowed by an "R" composed the ticket 
nominated at the church, which was 
beaten. Representatives, sixty-fourth 
district, Jacob Stotler (no opposition), 
251; sixty-fifth district, E. H. Sanford, 
(no opposition), 155; sixty-sixth district, 
Charles Drake, 77, F. D. Loy, 30; clerk, 
J. L. Williams, 351, R. W. Randall, R., 
185; sheriff, A. R. Bancroft, 297, J. H. 
Hunt, R., 215; commissioners, sixty- 
fourth district, R. B. Hurst, 395, John 
Fawcett, 148", sixty-fifth district, J. C. 



ANNALS OF EMPORIA AND LVON COUNTY 



85 



Bunch, 406, Oliver Phillips, 105; sixty- 
sixth district, J. M. Miller, 26S, R. H. 
Abraham, R., 252; treasurer, J. C. P"ra- 
ker (no opposition), 408; surveyor, James 
Means, 364, Butler, 104; register, O. Y. 
Hart, 325, S. M. Smith, R., 211 ; assessor, 
Ross Thomas, 391, J. S. Pigman, R., 139. 
1S66. — Election, NovemberG; no nomi- 
nations; votes polled, 725; senator. P. B. 
Maxson, 644, E. H. Sanford, 58; repre- 
sentatives, sixty-fourth district, P. B. 
Plumb, 223, C. V. Eskridge, 109; sixty- 
fifth district, G. R. Harper, 80, D. Hen- 
dricks, 58, D. K. Harden, 71, T. C. Mar- 
tin, 21 ; sixty-sixth district, J. D. Jaquith, 
132; clerk of court, Noyes Spicer, 560, 
E. R. Trask, 139; probate judge, T. 
Mclntire, 688; county superintendent, 
G. C. Morse, 304, G. L. Williams, 222, 
T. M. Gruwell, 176; county attorney, W. 
T. Galligher, 615; commissioner, one to 
elect, R. W, Stevenson, 406, C. C. De- 
weese, 79. 

On January S, 1S67, Preston B. Plumb 
was elected speaker of the house of rep- 
resentatives. 1867 — Election, November 
5; no nominations; number of votes, 
853. A spirited canvass had been made 
on the female suffrage question, submit- 
ted by the legislature. For female suf- 
frage, 209, against, 565; for negro suf- 
frage, 503, against, 273; representatives, 
sixty-fourth district, P. B. Plumb, 332, 
Mark Patty, 74; sixty-fifth district, A. J. 
Andrews, 118, D. K. Harden, loS; sixty- 
sixth district, J. D. Jaquith, 133, Watson 
Grenell, 47; commissioners, R. B. Hurst, 
827, Joseph Ernst, 831, C. C. Deweese, 
830; treasurer, L. T. Heritage, 688,1. M. 
Earnhart, 157; sheriff, A. R. Bancroft, 
455, A. J. Armstrong, 303, Z. Stubbs, 78; 
register of deeds, O. Y. Hart, 373, E. R. 
Trask, 194, T. G. Fuqua, 153, T. F. Burns, 
119; clerk, J. L. Williams, 591, D. S. 
Gilmore, 245; surveyor, D. T. McAuley, 
566, W. A. Ela, 237, James Means, 32; 
assessor, Oliver Phillips, 468, T. C. 
Carter, 370. 

1868. — Election, held on November 
3; votes polled, 1073; 222 increase over 
previous year. Democratic state ticket 
averaged 115 votes; republican, 940; C. 



V. Eskridge, of Emporia, was elected 
lieutenant governor; district judge, J. H. 
Watson, 80S, Parsons, 93; senator, Ed- 
win Tucker, 945; representatives, sixty- 
fourth district, Jacob Stotler, 484; sixty- 
fifth district, J. M. Hunter, 141, S. G. 
Britton, 115, Robert Best, 7:;; sixty-sixth 
district, Charles Drake, 193; clerk of 
district court, Noyes Spicer, 947; probate 
judge, W. K. Boggs, 933; county attor- 
ney, P. B. Plumb, 931; county superin- 
tendent, A. D. Chambers, 948; county 
commissioner, to fill vacancy in the sixty- 
fifth district, D. L. Ward, 505, J. S. Pig- 
man (independent), 489; for three 
bridges, one across the Neosho river, at 
Emporia, one across the Neosho river at 
Neosho Rapids, and one across the Cot- 
tonwood river at Emporia, 596, against, 
399. The parties elected composed the 
ticket nominated by the republicans. 
1869 — Election, November 2; no repub- 
lican nominations; representatives, sixty- 
fourth district, Jacob Stotler, 559, R. M. 
Ruggles, 73; sixty-fifth district, J. M. 
Hunter, 122; Oliver Phillips, 94; sixtv- 
sixth district, Charles Drake, 156; com- 
missioners, H. C. Cross, 994, T. C. Hill, 
941, D. L. Ward, 583, J. S. Pigman, 417; 
sheriff, E. H. Coats, 276, A. J. Armstrong, 
275. J- S. Watson, 221, O. J. Hunt, 78, 
W. A. Randolph, 27, J. H. Phenis, 107, 
R. M. Clark, 17; county clerk, D.S.Gil- 
more, 473, R. W. Randall, 470, A. Otte- 
not, 65; treasurer, Noyes Spicer, 805, 
Thomas Armor, 195; register of deeds, 
Peter H. Hughes, 566, Thomas Camp- 
bell, 249, O. Y. Hart, 198; surveyor, R. 
Milliken, 643, E. T. McAuley, 301, John 
Wilson, 67; clerk of distirct court, F. G. 
Hunt, 654, W. H. Skinner, 338; coroner. 
Dr. Thomas Morris, 790, Dr. Steimel, 
116. In November, 1S69, P. M. Foote 
was appointed to fill a vacancy in the pro- 
bate judge's oHlce, by the resignation of 
W. K. Boggs. 

At the following session of the leg- 
islature in 1870, Jacob Stotler was elect- 
ed speaker of the house of representa- 
tives, without opposition. 1870 — Elec- 
tion November 8; no local nominations; 
average republican vote on stale ticket. 



86 



ANNALS OF EMPORIA AND LYON COUNTY. 



1,290; average democratic vote, 270; 
state senator, Jacob Stotler, 1,344; rep- 
resentatives, sixtj-tourthi district, R. M. 
Overstreet, 529, C. V. Eskridge, 421; 
sixty-fifth district, F. R. Page, 179, W. P. 
Gould, 147; sixtj-sixth district, T. C. 
Hill, 149, Charles Drake, 97; county at- 
torney, C. B. Bacheller, 802, P. B. Plumb, 
717; clerk of district court, K. G. Hunt, 
739, H. W. iMcCune, 567, O. Y. Hart, 
220; probate judge, E. B. Peyton, 1,456; 
county superintendent, A. D. Chambers, 
1,448. This year P. B. Maxson became 
county commissioner in place of T. C. 
Hill, elected to the legislature, and M. H. 
Bates in place of H. C. Cross, elected 
mayor of the city of Emporia. Under the 
apportiontment of 1S70, Lyon county 
was entitled to two representatives, and 
the districts were numbered sixty-eighth 
and sixty-ninth. 

At the session of the legislature held 
in the year 1S71, Samuel J. Crawford, 
of Emporia, received 34 votes for United 
States senator. Election, November 7, 
1871; 1,750 votes polled, which was the 
heaviest ever cast in this county up to 
this time; representatives, sixty-eighth 
district, C. V. Eskridge, 591, L. T. Her- 
itage, 402; sixty-ninth district, F. R. 
Page, 321, Charles Drake 265, scattering, 
126; commissioners, first district, com- 
posed of the city and township of Empo- 
ria, Ed. Borton, 497, A. S. Tandy, 317; 
second district, composed of Agnes City, 
Americus, Fremont, Reading and Water- 
loo, J. D. Jaquith, 216, R. H. Abraham, 
174; third district. Center, Elmendaro, 
Jackson and Pike townships, J. L. Wil- 
liams, 306, D. L. Ward, 126. This was 
the first time commissioners were elected 
by the voters of the districts. Treasurer, 
Noyes Spicer, 1,700; sheriff, John Bay, 
700, E. H. Coats, 381, A. R. Bancroft, 
236, A. Roberts, 342, M. C. Hutchason, 
42, A. L. Keys, 54, W. T. Smith, 39; 
clerk, D. S. Gilmore, 1,179, J. S. Craig, 
511; register of deeds, Peter H Hughes, 
897, J. H. Hunt, 785; coroner, J. W. 
Trueworthy, 1,656: surveyor, Robert 
Milliken, 1,699; for poor farm, 1,249, 
against, 400; for four bridges, two at 



Junction, one at Snow ford, one at Paf 
ty's mill, and one on section 22, 225, 
-51; 37^. 334; against, 1,155, 1.1,196, 1,090, 
1,128. 

1871. — Election was held November 5; 
votes polled, about 2,100; no local nom- 
inations except Mr. Hunter; Grant and 
Wilson, 1,638; Greeley and Brown, 439; 
district judge, E. B. Peyton, 1,583, Ellis 
Lewis, 448; senator, William Martin- 
dale, 1,456, Thomas Armor, 548; repre- 
sentatives, sixty-eighth district, L. N. 
Robinson, 623, S. P. Young, 299, S. G. 
Brown, 109; sixty-ninth district, J. M. 
Hunter, 56S, R. W, Randall, 386; county 
attorney, Almerin Gillett, 663, J. V. San- 
ders, 351, J. P. Pinkerton, 519, C. B. 
Bacheller, 314; clerk of court, F. G. 
Hunt, 810, J. M. Steele, 701, A. P. Stu- 
art, 548; probate judge, E. W. Cunning- 
ham, 1,139, ^^' ^' Skinner, 872; county 
superintendent, Charles Cavaness, 7S5, 
A. D. Chambers, 740, Mr. Lamprey, 521. 
1873. — Farmers nominated the ticket, 
which was elected, for county officers at 
the election held November 4; total vote, 
1,794; representatives, sixty-eighth dis- 
trict, M.J. Firey, 542; Mark Patty, 394; 
sixty-ninth district, H. F. McMillan, 611, 
Houck, 116; commissioners, first district, 
J. F. Stratton, 728; second district, C. 
E. Paine, 420; third district, George 
Johnston, 488; treasurer, Joseph Ernst, 
9S1, George W. Frederick, 767; clerk, J. 
S. Craig, 943, D. S. Gilmore, 796; regis- 
ter of deeds, John E. Evans, 807, John 
W. Morris, 304, Clark, 223, F. R. Page, 
411; sheriff, John Bay, 1,746; surveyor, 
R. Milliken, 1,751; coroner, J. W. True- 
worthy, 1,041, Thomas Morris, 556; rail- 
road assessor, J. L. Williams, 1,619. 

At the session of the legislature in 1874, 
Colonel P. B. Plumb, of Emporia, re- 
ceived 34 votes on final ballot for United 
States senator. Election, November 3, 
1874; no county nominations made; re- 
form agitated; some of the republican 
state nominations unpopular; republican 
state ticket majorities from 99 for Lap- 
pin, for treasurer, to 245 for Osborn for 
governor, and 500 on other offices. On 
congressman, the vote was 884 for W. R. 



ANXALS OF EMl'ORIA AM) LYON COUNTY 



87 



Brown, republican, and 693 for J. K. 
Hudson, reform; state senator, William 
Martindale, i,o6^ , M. J. Firey, 49S; rep- 
resentatives, sixt_y-eighth district, George 
Johnston, 529, S. J. Crawford, 31S; sixty- 
ninth district, John W. Lov, G22; pro- 
bate judge, E. W. Cnnningham, 1,056, J. 
B. Gilliland, 516; county attorney, Al- 
merin, Gillet, 980, R. M. Ruggles, 572; 
clerk of court, G. W. Frederick, 923, W. 
L. Tray lor, 651 ; county superintendent, 
A. D. Chambers, 6S5. Miss L. A.Slocum, 
643, A. M. Averill, 23S. 

1S75. — This vear all of the republican 
nominees were elected except for county 
clerk; representatives, sixty-eighth dis- 
trict, C. V. Eskridge, 758; sixty-ninth 
district, J. W. Loy, 629; treasurer, Jo- 
seph Ernst, 1,519; clerk, J. S.Craig, 842, 
J. W. Truitt, 653; sheriff, Hiram Con- 
ner, 1,063, H. W. Pearsall, 428; register 
of deeds, F K. Page, 557, P. H. Hughes, 
535, O. J. Russell, 135, N. M. Carter, 141, 
M. Birdsall, 64, W. B.Jones, 41, C. Beck- 
es, 20; surveyor, J. H. Hibben, 1,490; 
commissioners, first district, D. S. Gil- 
•no''e, 330; Mahlon Stubbs. 320; second 
district, L. A. Wood, 368; third district, 
I. A. Taylor, 298; for sale of railroad 
stock, 909, against, 2S6. 

1876.— -Election was held, November 
7; the ticket nominated by the republi- 
cans of the county elected; Hayes, 1,580, 
Tilden, 431, Peter Cooper, 67; governor, 
Anthony, 1,404, Martin, 550, Hudson, 43; 
average vote on balance of republican 
state ticket, 1,540; democratic, 460; con- 
gressman, Thos. Ryan, 1,477, S. J. Craw- 
ford, 565; district judge, E. B. Peyton, 
1,980; senator, AlmerinGillett, 1,347, P- 
B. Maxson,655; representative, eighty- 
second district Cthe numbers of the dis- 
tricts having been changed by the appor- 
tionment law of 1875), L. B. Kellogg, S96; 
eighty-second district, A. W. Plumb, 6S0, 
R. M. Gilliland, 302; probate judge, E. W. 
Cunningham, 2,005; county attorney, T. 
N.Sedgwick, 1,983; clerk of court, G. 
W. Frederick, 1,983; county superintend- 
ent, O. B. Wharton, 2,020; for addition 
to court house, 276, against, 1,052; al- 
most solid vote for constitutional amend- 



ment to adopt biennial sessions of legis- 
lature—for. 1,814. against, 13. 

At the session of the legislature in 1S77, 
on January 31, Honorable Preston B. 
Plumb was elected to the United States 
senate for six years, receiving 89 votes on 
the sixteenth ballot. The news of his 
election was received at his home with 
grand demonstrations of joy, and on his 
return next day he received an enthusias- 
tic public reception. 

'877-— 'I'his year the election was held 
November 6; no local nominations; vote 
about same as previous year; treasurer, 
D. W. Eastman, 917, D. A. Stahl, 467, 
C. H. North, 507, John Hammond, 57, 
W. S. Cook, 65, Mahlon Stubbs, 28; 
clerk. W. F. Ewing, 883, J. S. Craig, 713, 
George Johnston, 395; sheriff, Hiram 
Conner, 1,761, G. A. Fleming, 235, sur- 
veyor, J. H. Hibben, 1,220, R. Mil'liken, 
742; register of deeds, F. R. Page, 1,223, 
O. J. Russell, 790; coroner, J. W. True- 
worthy, 1,959; commissioners, first dis- 
trict, D. S. Gilmore, 475, J. M. Griffith, 
338; second district, L. A.Wood, 4ii,0. 
Lambert, no; third district, I. A. Tavlor, 
423, Alfred Roberts, 122. 

187S.— The election wns held Tuesday, 
November 5; representatives, eighty - 
second district, J. S. Watson; eighty- 
third district. John W. Loy ; sheriff, J. B. 
Moon; district clerk, G. W.Frederick; 
register of deeds, W. J. Jones; county 
attorney, T.N Sedgwick; probate judge, 
L. B. Kellogg; county superintendent, 
O. B.Wharton; commissioner, first dis- 
trict, J. M. Griffith. 

1S79. — The election, was held on No- 
vember 4; county clerk, W. F. Ewing; 
treasurer, D. W. Eastman; register of 
deeds, W. J. Jones; sheriff, J. B. Moon; 
surveyor, J. H. Hibben; coroner, W. W. 
Hibben; commissioner, second district, 
H. F. Holmes. 

1880. — The election was held Novem- 
ber 2 ; Garfield carried Lyon county bv a 
majority of 1,134 over both Hancock and 
Weaver. Hancock had 403 over Weaver. 
For governor, St. John had 1,066 over 
both Ross and Vrooman. For congress, 
Ryan had 1,164 over both opponents, 



88 



ANNALS OF EMPORIA AND LYON COUNTY. 



McDonald and D. P. Mitchell. District 
judge, C. B. Graves; state senator, Al- 
merin Gillett; representative, eighty- 
second district, James Miles; eighty- 
third district, G. W.' Sutton: commis- 
sioner, third district, John E. Jones; 
county attorney, T. N. Sedgwick; clerk 
of court, J. G. Traylor; county superin- 
tendent, O. B. Wharton; for prohibition 
amendment, 1,182, against, 878, majori- 
ty, 1,304; for a constitutional convention, 
16S, against convention, 3,114. 

i88i. — Election, Nov. 7; treasurer, Jos. 
Ernst; clerk, W. F. Ewing; sheriff, T. L. 
Ryan; register, W. F. Chalfant; surveyor, 
Robert Milliken; coroner, J. D. David- 
son; commissioner, first district, P. G. 
Hallberg; for proposition to sell railroad 
stock, 626, against, 1,130. 



City Elections. 

The first steps were taken on Friday, 
February 4, 1870, at a meeting to incor- 
porate Emporia as a city of the second 
class. The matter was left with a com- 
mittee of three composed of E. P. Ban- 
croft, S. B. Riggs, and H. C. Cross. The 
preliminary work having been completed, 
the first election for ot^icers under the 
new charter were elected on Monday, 
April 4, as follows; Mayor, H. C. Cross; 
police judge, E. W. Cunningham; mar- 
shal, H. B. Lowe ; conncilmen, first ward, 
C. V. Eskridge, R. D. Thomas; second 
ward, G. W. Frederick, M. G. Mains; 
third ward, L. N. Robinson, Charles 
Wheelock. 

City election, 1871 — Mayor, Wm. Jay; 
police Judge, E. W. Cunningham; mar- 
shal, Wm. Gilchriest; treasurer, N. 
Spencer; constables, Evan Davis, T. 
Johnson; first ward councilmen, John 
Carter and Chas. Wheelock ;second ward, 
Fred W. Hirth and T. G. Wibley; third 
ward,W. W. Hibben and E. P. Bancroft; 
fourth ward, C. S. Gilman and E. Nich- 
ols; school board, first ward, A. H. Han- 
na and S. B. Riggs; second ward, R. M. 
Overstreet and J. M. Steele; third ward, 
H. Bancroft and D. C. McMurtrie; fourth 



ward, E. W. Cunningham and George 
Smith. 

City election, 1872 — Mayor, Wm. Jay; 
marshal, Wm. Gilchriest; police judge, 
M. Weaver; treasurer, G. W. Frederick; 
justice of peace, J. P. Pinkerton ; con- 
stables, H. Conner, T. Johnson ; council- 
men, first ward, Chas. Wheelock; second 
ward, Wm. Wicks; third ward, E. P. 
Bancroft; fourth ward, E. Nichols; 
school board, first ward, J. Jay Buck; 
second ward, J. M, Steele; third ward, 

D. C. McMurtrie; fourth ward, W. W. 
Williams. 

City election, 1873 — Mayor, Noyes 
Spicer; police judge, M. Weaver; treas- 
urer, G. W, Frederick; school treasurer, 

E. P. Bruner; justice of the peace, C. B. 
Bacheller, T. N. Sedgwick; councilmen, 
first ward, C. V. Eskridge; second ward, 
R. D. McCarter; third ward, V. S. 
Cleaveland; fourth ward, E. Beck; board 
of education, first ward, D. W. Eastman ; 
second ward, Robert Milliken, Jacob 
Stotler; third ward, Harvey Bancroft;, 
fourth ward, J. L. W. Bell, E. W. Cun- » 
ningham. Bonds for fire apparatus, for, 
two hundred and fifty-eight majority. 

City election, 1874 — Mayor, J. R. Gra- 
ham; police judge, M. Weaver; treasurer, 
G. W. Frederick; treasurer school board, 
E. P. Bruner; constables, T. Johnson, E. 
Nichols; councilmen, first ward, A. G. 
Lakin ; second ward, J. E. Epstein, 54; 
third ward, W. W. Hibben; fourth ward, 
J. S. Watson; board of education, first 
ward, Geo. M. Stowell; second ward, T. 
N. Sedgwick ; third ward, H. W. McCune ; 
fourth ward, J. A. Moore; attached terri- 
tory, W. H. H. Wood and A. M. Averill, 

City election, 1875 — Mayor, John Bay; 
treasurer, H. Dunlap; attorney, J. Jay 
Buck; marshal, E. Nichols; treasurer 
school board, D. W. Eastman; police 
judge, M. Weaver; justice of the peace, 
Geo. M. Stowell. 

City election, 1876 — Mayor, Thomas 
Morrison; attorney, J. Jay Buck; treas- 
urer, Howard Dunlap; marshal, Thomas 
J. Fleming; treasurer school board, D. 
W. Eastman; constables, T. Johnson, W. 
H. Gilchriest; councilmen, first ward, I 



ANNALS OF EMl>OKIA AND LYON COUNTY 



89 



E. Perley ; second ward, J. H. Davis; 
third ward; J. M. Henson, fourth ward, 
E. Borton ; board of education, first ward, 
J. Jay Buck; second ward, N. T. Nix; 
third ward, L. L. Halleck; fourth ward, 
two to elect, L. B. Kellogg and J. A. 
Moore. 

City election, 1S77 — Mayor, J. S. Wat- 
son; attorney, J.Jay Buck; treasurer, H. 
Dunlap; marshal, Thomas J. Fleming; 
police judge, C. B. Bacheller; justices of 
of the peace, J. V. Sanders and G. M. 
Stowell; constables, T.Johnson, B. Fin. 
Irwin; treasurer school board, D. W. 
Eastman; councilmen. Aid. A. Baker, H. 
B. Lowe, John Warneke, C. P. Theis; 
school board, A. G. Lakin, VV. D. Pey- 
ton, M. Stubbs, L. B. Kellogg; outlying 
district, A. S. Tandy and A. P. Kelley. 

City election, 1S7S— Mayor, J. S. Wat- 
son; treasurer, Howard Dunlap; attor- 
ney, C. N. Sterry; marshal, Thomas 
J. Fleming; treasurer board of education, 
J. M. Henson ; constables, T. Johnson, 
B. Fin Irwin; councilmen, first ward, I. 
E. Perley; second ward, J. H. Davis; 
third ward, N. Whittlesey; fourth ward, 
Ed. Borton; school board, first ward, J. 
W. Trueworthy; second ward, George 
W. Frederick; third ward, W. S. Jay; 
fourth ward, J. A. Moore; outlying terri- 
tory, J. M. Griffith. 



City election, 1879 — Mayor, D.'S. Gil- 
more; attorney, C. N. Sterry; treasurer, 
Howard Dunlap; school treasurer, J. M. 
Henson; police judge, C. B. Bacheller; 
justices, Chas. Fletcher, F. P. Payne; 
constables, T. Johnson, B. Fin. Irwin; 
councilmen, first ward, Jacob Taylor; 
second ward, H. B. Lowe; third ward, J. 
W. Thatcher; fourth ward, C. P. Theis; 
school board, first ward, E. E. Rowland; 
second ward, N. T. Nix; third ward, D. 
C. McMurtrie: fourth ward, R. Cordley. 

City election, iSSo — Councilmen, first 
ward, I. D. Fox; second ward, Van Mc- 
Cullough; third ward. Nelson Whittle- 
sey; fourth ward, J, S. Watson; board of 
education, first ward, J. W. Trueworthv; 
second ward, W. F. Chalfant; third 
ward, W. S. Jay; fourth ward, L. B. Kel- 
logg; constable, T. Johnson. 

City election, 1881— Mayor, D. W. 
Eastman, attorney, I. E. Lambert; treas- 
urer, Howard Dunlap ; treasurer of schoo j 
board, W. F. Evving; police judge, J. R. 
Barnes; justices, C. B. Bacheller and J. 
F. Culver; constable, T. Johnson; coun- 
cilmen, John Bay, N. B. Ireland, J. B. 
Halleck, C. P. Theis; board of education, 
R. M. Mills, N. T. Nix, D. C. McMurtrie 
and R. Cordley. 



90 



ANNALS OF EMPORIA AND LYON COUNTY 



Lyon County List of Soldiers in 
the Late War. 

FIRST REGIMENT, KANSAS VOLUNTEERS, 
INFANTRY. 

Mahlon Bailey, assistant surgeon, May 
27, 1S62,* promoted surgeon, June i, 1863, 
and mustered out June 17, 1S64. 

SECOND REGIMENT. 

Company H. — Cavalry. 
William F. Cloud, captain, June 20, 
1861, promoted major second regiment 
Kansas volunteers, May 23, 1S61; promo- 
ted colonel. Andrew J. Mitchell, tirst 
lieutenant, June 20, 1861, promoted to 
captain, May 23, 1861, and mustered out 
with regiment, October3i, 1861. Charles 
S. Hills, private, June 20, 1861, promoted 
sergeant major ; promoted captain com- 
pany D, tenth Kansas infantry, May 9, 
1862; promoted lieutenant colonel; pro- 
moted brevet colonel, March 25, 1S65, and 
mustered out, August 30, 1S65. Joseph A. 
Fuller, second lieutenant, June 20, 1861, 
mustered out with ref,iment, October 31, 
iS6i. William T. Galligher, first lieuten 
ant, June 20, 1S61, discharged by order of 
General Fremont, August 31, 1S61. Jo- 
seph Rickabaugh, first sergeant, June 20, 
1861, mustered out with regiment, Octo- 
ber 31, 1861. Henry Pearce, sergeant, 
June 2G, 1861, mustered out with regi- 
ment, October 31, 1861. Charles A. Arch- 
er, private, company A, November 20, 
1861, wounded in action at Wilson's 
creek, August 10, 1861, promoted second 
lieutenant, February iS, 1S64, mustered 
out, April 14, 1S65, at Little Rock, Ar- 
kansas, muster-out revoked and mustered 
in as second lieutenant. William V. Phil- 
lips, corporal, June 20, 1861, promoted 
sergeant, August 23, 1861, mustered out 
with regiment, August 31, 1861. Horace 
H. Suttle, corporal, June 20, 1861, mus- 
tered out with regiment, October 31, 1861. 
William B. Tompkins, corporal, June 20, 



*Date of niustcr. 



1861, mustered out with regiment, Octo- 
ber 31, 1861. Frank Grisez, corporal, 
June 20, 1S61, mustered out with regi- 
ment, October 31, 1861. Thomas Miller, 
corporal, June 20, 1861, died, August 11, 
1861, of wound's received in action, Au- 
gust 10, 1861, at Wilson's creek, Missouri. 
CyreniusR. M. Adams, private, October 
14, 1861, mustered out with regiment, 
October 31, 1861. CyreniusR. M. Adams, 
private, June 17, 1862, killed in action at 
Cane Hill, November 28, 1862. 

Co III p any K. 
Abner Brink, private, May 14, 1S61, 
mustered out with regiment, August 31, 
1S61. Allen L. Broxon, private, May 14, 
1861, mustered out with regiment, Au- 
gust 31. 1S61. Marion A. Babbitt, pri- 
vate, October 14, 1861, mustered out with 
regiment, August 31, 1861. Hiram Burt, 
private, May 14, 1S61, killed in action, 
August 10, 1861, at Wilson's creek, Mis- 
souri. John L. Catterson, private, June 
20, 1861, mustered out with regiment, 
October 31, 1861. John Clark, private, 
June 20, 1861, wounded in action, August 
10, 1861, at Wilson's creek, Missouri, 
mustered out with regiment, October 31, 
1861. John Curtis, private, June 20, 1861, 
mustered out with regiment, October 10, 
1861. Albert Edwards, private, June 20, 

1861, mustered out with regiment. Octo- 
ber 20, 1861. Daniel Evans, private, June 
20, 1861, mustered out with regiment, 
October 10, 1861. Maximillian Fawcett, 
private, June 20, 1861, promoted corpo- 
ral, wounded in action, December 7, 

1862, at Prairie Grove, Arkansas, mus- 
tered out September 20, 1865. David S. 
Gilmore, private, June 20, 1861, mustered 
out with regiment, October 10, 1S61, 
Isaac R Gaster, private, June 20, 1861, 
mustered out with regiment, October 10, 
1S61. William S. Hunt, private, June 20, 
i8C)i, mustered out with regiment, Octo- 
ber 10, 1861. Frederick W. Hirth, pri- 
vate, June 20, 1861, wounded in action. 
August 10, 1861, at Wilson's creek. Mis- 



ANNALS OF EMl'ORIA AND LVON COLNTV. 



91 



souri. mustered out with regiment, Octo- 
ber 10, 1S61. 

Company H. — Infantry, 

Samuel Ilelsel, private, June 20, 1S61, 

mustered out with regiment, October 31, 

1861. Ellas J. Hampton, private, June 

20, 1S61, wounded in action, August 10, 

1561, at Wilson's creek, Missouri, mus- 
tered out with regiment, October 31, 
1861. Lucius Holmes, private, October 
14, 1861, mustered out with regiment, Oc- 
tober 31, 1861, mustered in September 10, 

1562, mustered out with his company, 
August 7, 1S65. Samuel Hammil, private, 
June 20, 1861. Died August 12, 1861, at 
Springfield, Missouri, of wounds received 
in action, August 10, 1S61, at Wilson's 
creek, Missouri. William C. Johnson, 
private, June 23, 1861, mustered out with 
regiment, October 31, 1861. Noel R. 
Johnson, private, June 23, 1861, mus- 
tered out with regiment, October 31, 
1861. Charles N. Kiser, private, June 20, 
1861, mustered out with regiment, Octo- 
ber 31, 1S61. James F. Lambdin, private, 
June 23, 1S61, mustered out with regi- 
ment, October 31, 1S61. Michael Myers, 
private, June 20, 1861, wounded in action, 
August 10, 1S61, at Wilson's creek, Mis- 
souri; enlisted, June 22, 1862; promoted 
corporal, April 15, 1862; mustered out, 
April 14, 1S65, at Little Rock, Arkansas. 
Frank McFadden, private, June 20, 1S61, 
mustered out with regiment, October 31, 
1861. Michael McLain, private, June 23, 
1861, wounded in action, August, 10, 
1S61, at Wilson's creek, Missouri, mus- 
tered out with regiment, October 31, 1861. 
Benjamin F. W. Perry, private, June 20 
1S61, mustered out with regiment. Octo- 
ber 31, 1861. George W. Reed, private, 
June 20, 1861, wounded in action, Au- 
gust 10, 1861, at Wilson's creek, mustered 
out with regiment, October 31, 1861 
Isaac N. Spencer, private, June 20, 1861, 
mustered out with regiment, October 31, 
1861. Edward Trask, private, June 20, 
1861, died, October 6, i86i, of wounds 
received in action August 10, 1861, at 
Wilson's creek, Missouri. Martin D. 
Wood, private, June 20, 1861, mustered 
out with regiment, October 31, 1861. 



Company I. 
James C. Bunch, third lieutenant, 
June 20, i86i, discharged at St. Louis, 
Missouri, August 31, 1861. Charles E. 
Paine, quartermaster sergeant, June 20, 
i86i, mustered out with regiment, Octo- 
ber 31,1861. Frank B. Aylesworth, pri- 
vate, June 20, 1861, mustered out with 
regiment, October 31, 1S61. Alexander 
Bailey, private, June 20, 1861, mustered 
out with regiment, October 31, 1S61. 
William H. Phillips, private June 20, 
1861, mustered out with reginnent, Octo- 
ber 31, i86[. David P. Vangundy. pri- 
vate, June 20, 1861, mustered out with 
regiment, October 31, 1S61. Christopher 
Ward, private, June 20, 1861, mustered 
out with regiment, October 31, 1861. 

SECOND KANSAS. — CAVAI.RY. 

Company F. 

John Tennis, private, August 13, 1863,^ 
assigned to companyD, March 18, 1865, 
and mustered out June 22, 1S65, at Fort 
Gibson. 

Company G. 

Wm. W. Loomis, private, November 
30, 1861, transferred to company C, af- 
terwards to company I; died of disease, 
at Fort Scott, February 10, 1863. 
Company I. 

William A. Graham, private, enlisted 
July 12, 1862, promoted corporal, then 
sergeant; assigned to new company C; 
mustered out, June 12, 1865, at Fort Gib- 
son, Cherokee nation. Lewis W. Gra- 
ham, private, November 13, 1863, as- 
signed to new company C, March 18, 
1865, and mustered out, June 22, i86^, at 
Fort Gibson. 

Ne-M Company C. — Cavalry. 

William H. Graham, private, enlisted 

February 14, 1863, promoted bugler, 

March 18, 1865; mustered out at Fort 

Gibson, Cherokee nation, June 22, 1S65. 

Company A'. 
Albert D. Griflin, private, enlisted Sep- 
tember 16, 1862, promoted corporal, P"eb- 
ruary 2S, 1863, and sergeant, March i, 
1864, mustered out, July i, 1865, at Leav- 



92 



ANNALS OF EMPORIA AND LYON COUNTY. 



enworth, Kansas. John Cummins, pri- 
vate, November iS, 1861, mustered out, 
January 20, 1865, at Leavenworth, Kan- 
sas. Amasa A. Anderson, private, Au- 
gust 13, 1863, mustered out May 20, 1865. 
Robert S. Crampton, private, August 13, 
1863, promoted first lieutenant and quar- 
termaster of third Arkansas cavalry, Feb- 
ruary I, 1864. 

SIXTH KANSAS. CAVALRY. 

William Humphreys, private, March 
31, 1862, promoted corporal, December 
17, 1862; promoted sergeant, November 
15, 1864; mustered out, May 19, 1865, at 
at Duvall's Bluff, Arkansas. 

EIGHTH KANSAS. INFANTRY. 

E. P. Bancroft, quartermaster, October 
22, 1861, promoted major ninth Kansas, 
April I, 1862; resigned, February 19, 

1S63. 

NINTH KANSAS. CAVALRY. 

Cofnpatiy B. 

Jesse Heald, private, October 2, 1861, 
transferred to company G, eighth Kan- 
sas; died of chronic diarrhoea, at Knox- 
ville, Tennessee, January 6, 1864. Lem- 
uel T. Heritage, private, November 20, 
1861, promoted sergeant, September 21, 
1861 : promoted first lieutenant, Novem- 
ber 21,1861; resigned, March, 28, 1862. 
Robert Madden, private, September 6, 
1861, promoted second lieutenant, No- 
vember 20, 1S61 ; promoted first lieuten- 
ant, April 5, 1862; resigned, April 10, 

1863. Samuel J. Walker, private, Sep- 
tember 21, 1861, promoted sergeant, No- 
vember 20, 1861 ; promoted first sergeant, 
May 17, 1863; died of pneumonia, at Sar- 
coxieville, Kansas, December 22, 1863. 
Richard J. Abraham, private, March 30, 

1864, mustered out July 17, 1865. David 
Bronson, private, November 21, 1861, 
discharged for disability, July 29, 1S64, 
at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. William 
O. Ferguson, private, December 20, 1S61, 
assigned to new company B; discharged 
for disability, November 25, 1864, at Jef- 
ferson, Missouri. Robert Gilmore, pri- 
vate, December 19, 1S61, no evidence of 



mustered out on file. William S. Hunt, 
private, April 4, 1862, promoted corporal, 
November 14, 1862 ; promoted sergeant, 
January 16, 1S65, mustered out, April 5, 
1865. Roland P. Murdock, private, April 
5, 1865, mustered out, March — , 1865. 
Cyrus H. Pheanis, private, April iS, 1S62, 
mustered out, April — , 1865. Augustus 
Pearson, private, November 25, 1861, 
died of consumption at Emporia, August 
10, 1862. Carl W. Schoeck, private, No- 
vember 25, 1861, mustered out, Novem- 
ber 19, 1864, at Leavenworth, Kansas. 
William M. Young, private, September 
21, 1S61, promoted corporal; promoted 
sergeant, January 16, 1865; mustered out, 
April 5, 1S65; re-enlisted, veteran. Jas. 
Bay, private, September 21, 1S61, mus- 
tered out, July 17, 1S61, Duvall's Bluff, re- 
enlisted as veteran. William W. Good- 
will, private, September 21, 1861, re-en- 
listed as veteran; promoted corporal, 
May 19, 1865; mustered out, July 17, 
1865, at Duvall's Bluff. Lewis McHone, 
private, September 21, 1S61, re-enlisted 
as veteran; promoted corporal; promoted 
second lieutenant; mustered out, July 17, 
1865, at Duvall's Bluff, Arkansas. John 
Sammon, private, September 21, 1861, 
mustered out, July 17, 1865, at Duvall's 
Bluff, Arkansas. George W. Thornton, 
private, November 13, 1S61, mustered out, 
November 19, 1864, at Leavenworth, 
Kansas. David Ship, private, October 
12, 1S21, died of pneumonia, at Westport, 
Missouri, January 3, 1S62. Leonard Rose- 
brook, private, September 21, 1861, pro- 
moted bugler; died of pneumonia at 
Lawrence, Kansas, December 31, 1861. 
Henderson H. Rinker, private, October 
12, 1861, discharged for disability, Octo- 
ber 22, 1863. Allen J. Phillips private, No- 
vember 9, 1861, re-enlisted as veteran. 
George Plumb, private, November 13, 
1861, mustered out November 19, 1S64, at 
Leavenworth, Kansas. William A. Pierce, 
private, October 21, 1861, mustered out, 
November 19, 1864, at Leavenworth, 
Kansas. Thomas Murdock, private, Oc- 
tober 12, 1861, promoted sergeant, No- 
vember 20, (861 ; reduced at his own re- 
quest, March 31, 1862; discharged for 



ANNALS OF KMPORIA AND LVON COLNTY. 



93 



disabilitv. April lo, .S63, at Fort Ilalleck. 
Idaho territory. Edwin Morehead, pri- 
vate, November iS, 1861, mustered out, 
November 28, 1864, at Leavenworth, Kan- 
sas. Benjamin F. Myers, private, Octo- 
ber 12, (S61, mustered out, Novem- 
ber 28, 1S64, at Leavenworth, Kansas. 
Thomas H. B. Murdock, private, Octo- 
ber, 12, 1S61, promoted corporal May jS, 
1S63, promoted lieutenant eighteenth 
United States colored. October 5, 1864. 
David B. Jarrett, private, October 26, 
1S61, mustered out November 19, 1864, at 
Leavenworth, Kansas. W. P. Johnson, 
private, November 25, 1S61, mustered out 
November 19, 1S64, Leavenworth, Kansas. 
Joseph M. Goodspeed, private, Septem- 
ber 21, 1861, mustered out November 19, 
1864, at Leavenworth, Kansas. Joseph 
S. Gibson, private, September 21, 1S61, 
mustered out November 19, 1S64, at Leav- 
enworth, Kansas. John D. Gibson, pri- 
vate, September 21, 1861, promoted cor- 
poral November 20, 1861; promoted ser- 
geant, June— , 1S63: promoted commisa- 
ry sergeant; mustered out November ig, 
1S63, at Leavenworth. Albert Filener, 
private, October 12, 1861, mustered out 
November 19, 1864, at Leavenworth, 
Kansas. John F. Ferguson, private, 
September 21, 1861, mustered out Novem- 
ber 19, 1S64, at Leavenworth, Kansas. 
Silas H. Cooper, private, October 12, 
1861, promoted corporal, November 14, 
1862; sergeant, June i, 1864; mustered 
out, November 19, 1864, at Leavenworth, 
Kansas. Alexander Crowe, private 
November 13, iS6i , mustered out, Novem- 
ber 19, 1864, at Leavenworth. Zenas P. 
Crowe, private, September 21, i86i, mus- 
tered out November 19, 1864, at Leaven- 
worth. VVm. Birch, private, September 
21, 1861, died of pneumonia, Westport, 
Missouri, January 2, 1862. Zimri Brox- 
son, private, October 12, 1S61, died of 
pneumonia, at Lawrence, Kansas, Janu- 
ary 2, 1862. W. T. A. H. Boles, private, 
October 22, 1861, promoted corporal, 
November 20, 1861; promoted sergeant, 
November 14, 1862; reduced to ranks, 
May 22, 1863; mustered out November 19, 
1894, at Leavenworth, Kansas. Silas H. 



Cooper, sergeant, October 12, 1861, mus- 
tered out November 19, 1S64. Andrew J. 
Burdick, private, October 12, i86i, pro- 
moted corporal; mustered out November 
19, 1S64. Leavenworth, Kansas. John S. 
Watson, private, September 21, 1S61, pro- 
moted corporal, June i, 1862; promoted 
sergeant, June 11, 1863; mustered out 
November 19, 1864, Leavenworth, Kansas. 
John Phemister, private, October 26, 1861, 
promoted corporal, November 20, 1861 ; 
reduced May i, 1S62; transferred to com- 
pany L June 1, 1S62, and promoted ser- 
geant. May 31, 1S63. 

Company C. 

Daniel E. Mahattey, private, August 7, 
1861, promoted corporal, June 28, 1863; 
mustered out November 21, 1864, Leaven- 
worth, Kansas. Thomas Campbell, pri- 
vate, enlisted April 18, 1862, promoted cor- 
poral, September 25, 1864; assigned to 
new company A; promoted sergeant, 
January 16, 1865; mustered out April 11, 
1865. Andrew J. Armstrong, private, 
Augusts, 1861, promoted first sergeant; 
promoted captain first Kansas colored 
infantry, March 21, 1863. Lewis L. 
Bacon, private, enlisted August 27, 1862, 
assigned to new company A; mustered 
out June 24, 1865. Thomas B. Jones, pri- 
vate, enlisted November 28, 1861, assigned 
to new company A; mustered out De- 
cember 7, 1864. Ellis Jones, private, 
June 30, 1863, assigned to new company 
A: promoted corporal January 16,1865; 
mustered out July 17, 1S65, Duvall's Bluff, 
Arkansas. Joseph Lee, private, enlisted 
November 26, 1861, killed in action, June 
-4> 1S64, near Fayetteville, Arkansas. R. 
F. Mahaffey, private, enlisted September 
11, 1862, assigned to new company A; 
promoted corporal January 16, 1S65 ; mus- 
tered out June 24, 1865. Robert E. Macy, 
private, enlisted November 26, 1861, mus- 
tered out November 21, 1S64, Leaven- 
worth, Kansas. Jas. H. Quiett, private, 
enlisted September 9, 1861, mustered out 
November 21, 1864, Leavenworth, Kansas. 
Samuel Updegraff, private, enlisted 
November 2, 1861, mustered out Novem- 
ber, 21, 1864, Leavenworth, Kansas. Her- 



94 



ANNALS OF EMPORIA AND LYON COUNTY 



man Updegraff, private, August 7, 1S61, 
discharged for disability, December i, 
1S62, Fort Riley, Kansas. Wm. Yager, 
private, November 24, 1S61, died of pneu- 
monia. Mound City, Kansas, January i, 
1862. 

Company D. 
James A. McGinnis, private, October 31, 
1S62, promoted sergeant. May i, 1S63; as- 
signed to new company D. Walter F. 
Benedict, private, September 8, iS6r, dis- 
charged by medical examining board. 
May 21, 1864, Leavenworth, Kansas. 
Elisha Benedict, private, March 2, 1862, 
died of camp fever, Fort Scott, Kansas. 
September 3, 1862. Harrison L. McGin- 
nis, private, December 31, 1862, assigned 
to new company D. 

Company F. 

Isaac Cooper, private, August 14, 1862, 
assigned to new company C; mustered 
out June 24, 1S65. Thomas J. Milburn, 
private, March 28, 1864, assigned to new 
company C; mustered out June 29, 1S65, 
Duvall's Bluff, Arkansas. 
Company H. 

Edwin Niswauger, private, January 16, 
1862, died of disease, lola, Kansas, May 
21, 1862. 

Company I. 

David Upham, private, March 20, 1862, 
promoted corporal; promoted sergeant; 
promoted first sergeant, February i , 1864 ; 
mustered out March 22, 1865, Duvall's 
Bluff, Arkansas. 

Conpany M. 

John W. Stevenson, private, enlisted Ju- 
ly I, 1862, promoted sergeant August 21, 
1863; mustered out July 17, 1865, Duvall's 
Bluff, Arkansas. John Sayer, private, 
August 21, 1S63, deserted, Humboldt, 
Kansas, August 23, 1S63. Wm. Kabrey, 
private, October 13, 1863, mustered out 
July 17, 1865, Duvall's Bluff, Arkansas. 
Re-etilisted Veterans Assigned to Neiv 
Company B. 

James A. Phillips, private, March 24, 
1864, promoted corporal January 16, 1S65; 
mustered out July 17, 7865, Duvall's Bluff, 
Arkansas. John Sammon, private, 



March 24, 1864, promoted corporal April 

6, 1865; mustered out July 17, 1S65, Du- 
vall's Bluff, Arkansas. 

ELEVENTH REGIMENT KANSAS VOLUN- 
TEERS — CAVALRY. 

Company C. 
Preston B. Plumb, captain, September 
10, 1862. promoted major September 25, 
1S62, promoted lieutenant-colonel May 17 
1864; mustered out September 13, 1S65, 
Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. Lemuel T. 
Heritage, captain, September 25, 1S62, 
second muster, (see company B, ninth 
Kansas cavalry) ; promoted captain Sep- 
tember 25, 1862; wounded in action, De- 
cember 2, 1862, Prairie Grove, Arkansas; 
resigned on account of disability, Sep- 
tember 7, 1S63. Thomas Barber, private, 
September 10, 1862, promoted veterinary 
surgeon; mustered out August 19, 1865. 
Henry Pearce, first lieutenant, September 
10, 1863, promoted captain September 19, 
1862; mustered out with company August 

7, 1865. William V. Phillips, second 
lieutenant, promoted first lieutenant, 
September 19, 1863; mustered out with 
company, August 7, 1S65. George M. 
Walker, September 10, 1862, promoted 
sergeant September 13, 1862; promoted 
second lieutenant, September 20, 1863; 
mustered out September 22, 1865. Orvis 
Y. Hart, September 10, 1862, promoted 
first sergeant; wounded in action De- 
cember 7, 1S62, Prairie Grove, Arkansas; 
discharged for disability June 8, 1863. 
Frederick W. Hirth, September 10, 1S62, 
promoted first sergeant; mustered out 
with company, August 7, 1865. Augustin 
A. Hickox, September 10, 1862, promoted 
sergeant January i, 1S64; mustered out 
with company August 7, 1S65. Charles 
V. Hyde, September 10, 1862, promoted 
sergeant September 16, 1862; promoted 
first sergeant April 1,1864; killed inac- 
tion October 18, 1S64, Lexington, Missou- 
ri. Henry C. Clark, September 10, 1862, 
promoted sergeant January 16, 1863; pro- 
moted first sergeant November i, 1865; 
mustered out with company August 7, 
1865. Thomas Gordon, September 10, 
1862, promoted quarter-master sergeant 



ANXALS OF EMPORIA AND LVOX COLNTV. 



95 



April 17, 1S64; mustered out with compa- 
ny, August 7, 1S65. Nehemiah Ryno, 
September 10, 1S62, promoted sergeant 
September J4, 1S62; promoted commissa- 
ry sergeant: mustered out with company 
August 7, 1S65 David U. Baker, Sep- 
tember 10, i86.\ promoted sergeant: dis- 
charged for disability November —, 1S64. 
Silas A. Moone, September 10, iS6j, pro- 
moted sergeant; reduced. Mustered out 
with company, August 7, 1S65. William 
B. Morris, September 10, 1S62, promoted 
corporal January 16, 1S63; promoted ser- 
geant September 15, 1S63; mustered out 
with company August 7, 1S65. Frank M. 
Parker, September 10, 1862, promoted 
sergeant September 19, 1S63; reduced; 
promoted sergeant, and mustered out 
with company August 7, 1S65. Alfred 
H. Cox, September 10, 1S62, promoted 
corporal October 21, 1862; promoted ser- 
geant November i, 1864; mustered out 
with company August 7, 1S65. David 
Wheeler, September 10, 1S62, promoted 
corporal September 19, 1863; promoted 
sergeant January i, 1865; mustered out 
with company August 7, 1S65. Ascher 
S. Childers, September 10, 1862, promot- 
ed corporal October 25, 1862; promoted 
sergeant September 19, 1863; mustered 
out with company August 7, 1865. James 
C. Cooley, September 10, 1S62, promoted 
sergeant; reduced; mustered out with 
company, August 7, 1S65. Richard H. 
Best, September 10, 1862, promoted cor- 
poral, September 13, 1862; wounded in 
action December 7, 1862, Prairie Grove, 
Arkansas; discharged for disability, 
March 4, 1863. Wm. D. Stevenson, Sep- 
tember lo, 1862, promoted corporal; re- 
duced September 16, 1863; mustered out 
with company, August 7, 1865. Elijah 
Moore, September 10, 1862, promoted 
corporal; reduced September 19, 1S63; 
mustered out with company August 7, 
1S65. Charles Stotler, September 10, 
1S62, promoted corporal September 24, 
1862,- died December 28, 1862, Fayette- 
ville, Arkansas, of wounds received in 
action December 7, 1862, Prairie Grove, 
Arkansas. Hartwell Martin, September 
10, 1862, promoted corporal September 



19, 18(^3 ' mustered out with company 
August 7, 1S65. John E. Wilhite, Sep- 
tember 10, 1S62, promoted corporal Sep- 
tember 19, 1S63; mustered out with com- 
pany August 7, 1S65. Eli Fowler, Sep- 
tember 10, 1862, promoted corporal Jan- 
uary I, 1864; mustered out with company 
August 7, 1S65. T. D. Childers, Sep- 
tember 10, 1862, promoted corporal Jan- 
uary I, 1864; mustered out with company 
August 7, 1865. Freeman G. Soule, Sep- 
tember 10, 1862, promoted corporal No- 
vember i. 1864; mustered out with com. 
pany August 7, 1865. John W. Logan, 
September 10, 1S62, promoted corporal 
January i, 1864; mustered out with com- 
pany August 7, 1865. John E. McLeod, 
September 10, 1862, promoted corporal 
January i, 1S65; mustered out with com- 
pany August 7, 1865. George H. Mc- 
Intyre, September 10, 1862, promoted 
corporal June i, 1865; mustered out with 
company August 7, 1805. Benjamin F. 
Parker, September 10, 1862, promoted 
farrier; mustered out with company 
August 7, 1865. Samuel M. Anderson, 
September 10, 1862, wounded in action 
December 7, 1862, Prairie Grove, Arkan- 
sas; discharged for disability December 
iS, 1863. Andrew J. Andrews, Septem- 
ber lo, 1862, Mustered out with company 
August 7, .865. Ostam T. Adams, Sep- 
tember 10, 1S62, mustered out with com- 
pany August 7, 1865. Albin Brandley, 
September 10, 1862, mustered out with 
company August 7, 1865. James Burns, 
September 10, 1S62, died of disease, Cass- 
ville, Missouri, April 30, 1863. Isaac 
Benson, September 10, 1862, mustered 
out with company, August 7, 1S65. facob 
Benson, September lo, (862, mustered 
out with company August 7, 1865. John 
Baker, September, 10, (S62, mustered 
out with company August 7, 1865. Max 
Fawcett, September 10, 1862, wounded 
in action, December 7, 1862, at Prairie 
Grove, Arkansas. Isaac Cox, September 
10, 1862, died October 17, 18^13, Sedalia, 
Missouri, of wounds received in action, 
October 14. 1863, near Scott's Ford, Mis- 
souri. Nelson Demoss, September 10, 
1862, mustered out with company, August 



96 



ANNALS OF EMPORIA AND LYON COUNTY. 



7, 1865. Owen L. Davis, September 10, 
1862, discharged for disability January 

8, 1S63, Elm Springs, Arkansas. Evan 
Davis, September 10, 1862, Mustered out 
September 20, 1865. George L. K. Davis, 
September 10, 1S62, mustered out with 
company August, 7, 1865. Joseph 
Dougherty, September 10, 1862, mustered 
out with company August 7, 1865. Lewis 
Doolittle. September 10, 1862, mustered 
out with company August 7, 1865. James 
H. Doyle, September 10, 1862, mustered 
out with company, August 7, 1865. Levi 
Fowler, September 10, 1862, mustered out 
August 7, 1865. John H. Ferran, Sep- 
tember 10, 1S62, mustered out with com- 
pany August 7, 1865. Nelson Folger, 
September 10, 1862, mustered out with 
company, August 7, 1865. Robert Y. 
Glenn, September 10, 1862, mustered out 
with company, August 7, 1S65. Jesse 
Gibson, September 19, 1862, mustered out 
with company, August 7, 1865. Noah 
Gibson, September 10, 1862, mustered 
out with company, August 7, 1865. Wm. 
T. Galligher, September 10, 1862, mus- 
tered out with company, August 7, 1865. 
S. E. G. Holt, September 10, i8<')2, dis- 
charged for disability, July 10, 1S63, Elm 
Springs, Arkansas. Elihu P. Hadley, 
September 10, 1862, discharged for disa- 
bility, October i, 1863, Kansas city, Mis- 
souri. Evan B. Hadley, September 10, 
1862, discharged for disability, September 
18, 1S64, Paola, Kansas. James A. Ham- 
mil, September 10, 1862, mustered out 
with company, August 7, 1865. David 
Jesse, September 10, 1862, discharged for 
disability, October i, 1863. William H. 
Kendall, September 10, 1862, promoted 
second lieutenant, second Indian regi- 
ment, November 18. 1862. Frederick 
Lamb, September 10, 1862, mustered out 
with company, August 7, 1865. George 
W. Lumpkins, September 10, 1862, mus- 
tered out with company, August 7, 1865. 
George W. Lake, September 10, 1862, 
mustered out with company, August 7, 
1865. John S. Mitchell, September 10, 
1862, died of disease. Crane creek, Mis- 
souri, February 22, 1863. Jeremiah T. 
Musgrave, September 10, 1862, killed Octo- 



ber 31, 1S62, Old Fort Wayne, C. N., by 
accidental discharge of gun. George W. 
Martin, September 10, 1862, mustered out 
with company, August 7, 1865. James A. 
McCullough, September 10, 1862, mus- 
tered out with company, August 7, 1865. 
Michael Maloney, September 10, 1S62, 
mustered out with company, August 7, 
1865. James A. Newlin, September 10, 
1862, mustered out with company, August 
7, 1S65. Isaac Newell, September 10, 
1S62, mustered out with company, August 
7, I865. Lorenzo O. Priest, September 
10, 1862, discharged for disability, Febru- 
ary I, 1864. Wm. I. Pluuib, September 
10, 1862, discharged for disability, Janu- 
ary 8, 1863, Elm Springs, Arkansas. 
Freeman T. Page, September 10, 1862, 
discharged for disability, March 25, 1S63, 
Fort Scott, Kansas. John M. Resonor, 
September 10, 1862, discharged for disa- 
bility, July 18, 1863. Silas Pitts, Septem- 
ber 10, 1862, Mnstered out with company, 
August 7, 1865. George H. Froger, Sep- 
tember 10, 1862, mustered out with com- 
pany, August 7, 1S65. George W. Quim- 
by, ^. eptember 10, 1S62, mustered out with 
company, August 7, 1865. Wm. Rawson, 
September 10, 1862, discharged for disa- 
bility, July, 1S63, Kansas City, Missouri. 
John W. Rector, September 10, 1862, died 
of pneumnoia, April 17, 1863, Emporia, 
Kansas. James H. Servan, September 10, 
1862, discharged for disability, February, 
I, 1864, Leavenworth, Kansas. Cornelius 
Session, September 10, 1862, mustered out 
with company, August 7, 1865. John 
Shoe, September 10, 1S62, mustered out 
with company, August 7, 1S65. Andrew 
H. Smith, September 10, 1862, mustered 
out with company, August 7, 1865. 
Edwin Staley, September 19, 1S62, mus- 
tered out with company, August 7, 1865, 
Thomas H. Thomas, September 10, 1862, 
mustered out with company, August 7, 
1865. Jas. W. Thomas, September 10, 1862, 
Severely wounded in action, October ig, 
1864, Lexington, Missouri; discharged 
for disability, June 7, 1865, Leavenworth, 
Kansas. George Waite, September 10, 
1862, musterad out, September 20, 1S65. 
Albert G. Wilhite, September 10, 1862, 



ANNALS OF EMPORIA AND LYON COUNTY. 



97 



mustered out with company. August 7, 
1S65. Nelson E. Weaver, September 10, 
1862, mustered out with company, August 
7, 1S65. Julius \\*heeler, September 10, 
1862, mustered out with company, August 
7, 1865. J. L. Williams, September 10, 
1862, mustered out with company, August 
7, 1S65. Lucius F. H. Williams, Sep- 
tember lo, 1862, mustered out with com- 
pany, August 7, 1865. James M. Wheeler, 
September 10. 1S62, died ot disease, 
March 9, 1S63, Camp Solomon, Missouri. 
Horace Wyman, September 10, 1S62, 
mustered out with company, August 7, 
1865. Wm. DeMoss, September 11, 1863, 
mustered out, September i, 1865. James 
B. Martin, (enlisted) November 27, 1863, 
mustered out with company, August 7, 
1865. Jacob I. Newlin, August 11, 1S63, 
mustered out with company, August 7, 
1865. Watson Roe, August 11, 1863, 
mustered out with company, August 7, 
1S65. James Thomas, August 11, 1863, 
mustered out with company, August 7, 
1865. Charles Zeim, November 11, 1863, 
mustered out with company, August 7, 

1S65. 

Company D. 

Ed. Starling, September 13, 1862, pro- 
moted saddler, January 1, 1S65; mustered 
out with company, September 13, 1865, 
Geo. S. Humphrey, September 13, 1862, 
mustered out with company, September 
13, 1865. Silas A. Maston, September 
13, 1862, mustered out with company, 
September 13, 1865. 

Company E. 

John D. Walker, .September 13, 1862, 
promoted first sergeant, September, 1862, 
promoted captain, June 18, 1864; mus- 
tered out with company, August 7, 1S65. 
Charles Drake, September 13, 1862, pro- 
moted first lieutenant, September 13, 
1S62; resigned, March 15, i86^. Caleb S. 
Smith, September 13, 1S63; promoted 
sergeant, .September, 1862; promoted 
second lieutenant, January 18, 1863; mus- 
tered out with company, August 7, 1863. 
John H. Kitts, September 13, 1862, pro- 
moted corporal ; promoted first sergeant: 
mustered out with company, August 7, 
1865. John Moy, September 13, 1862, 



promoted sergeant, .September, 1862; 
promoted quartermaster sergeant; mus- 
tered out with company, August 7, 1865. 
Jas. C. Holloway, September 13, 1862, pro- 
moted corporal; promoted sergeant; mus- 
tered out with company, August 7, 1865. 
Samuel P. McCaw, private, September 13, 
1S62, promoted corporal; promoted ser- 
geant; mustered out with company, 
.\ugust7, 1865. Nathaniel Wise, private, 
September 13, 1862, promoted corporal; 
promoted sergeant; mustered out with 
company August 7, 1865. Isaac R. Gas- 
ter, private, September 13, 1S62, promot- 
ed corporal; reduced; mustered out with 
company August 7, .86.5. Albert Miller, 
private, September 13, 1S62, promoted 
corporal; mustered out with company 
August 7, 1865. Lucius H. Burdick, pri- 
vate, September 12, 1S63, promoted cor- 
poral; discharged to accept promotion 
per special order. James P. Johnson, 
private, September 13, 1862, promoted 
corporal; mustered out with company 
August 7, 1865. Sylvester M. Smith, pri- 
vate, September 13, 1862, promoted cor- 
poral; discharged for disability, April 2, 
1865. Thomas B. Pruitt, private, Sep- 
tember 13, 1862, promoted wagoner ; mus- 
tered out with company August 7, 1865. 
James B. Cox, private, August 13, 1864, 
promoted blacksmith; mustered out June 
28, 1865. Thomas Dill, private, February 
10, 1864, promoted saddler; mustered out 
June 16, 1865. Wm. H. Anderson, pri- 
vate, September 13, 1862, mustered out 
with company August 7, 1865. Eugene 
W. Cloud, private, September 13, 1862, 
mustered out .September 27, 1865. 
Nathan B. Canning, private, September 
13, 1862, mustered out with company 
August 7, 1865. Amasa Chapman, pri- 
vate, September 13, 1862, mustered out 
with company August 7, 1865. Alexander 
Drake, private, September 13, 1862, died 
of disease. Cane Hill, Arkansas, January 
I, 1S63. Newton Davis, private, Septem- 
ber 13, 1862, died of disease, Lawrence, 
Kansas, May 2},, 1864. Lorenzo Eggers, 
private, September 13, 1862, mustered out 
with company, August 7, 1865. Milton 
N. Frost, private, September 13, 1862, 



98 



ANNALS OF EMPORIA AND LYON COUNTY, 



mustered out with company August 7, 
1865. John M. Hyde, private, September 
13, 1863, mustered out with company 
August 7, 1865. James A. Johnson, pri- 
vate, September 13, 1862, mustered out 
with company August 7, 1865. John A. 
McCaw, private, September 13, 1S62, 
wounded in action December 7, 1862, 
Prairie Grove, Arkansas; mustered out 
with company, August 7, 1S65. Elias 
Morehead, private, September 13, 1S62, 
mustered out with company August 7, 
1865. Charles Morehead, private, Sep- 
tember 13, 1862, died of disease, Fayette- 
ville, Arkansas, January 26, 1863. Joseph 
McCune, private, September 13, 1862, 
died of disease, Mt. Vernon, Missouri, 
April 5, 1863. Charles E. Paine, private, 
September 13, 1863. promoted regular 
commissary sergeant, March — , 1864. 
Christian Wise, private, September 13, 

1862, mustered out with company August 
7, 1865. Harrison Wright, private, Sep- 
tember 13, 1862, mustered out June 16, 
1865. Solomon Wright, private, Septem- 
ber 13, 1862, died of disease, Mt. Vernon, 
Missouri, April 5, 1863. Thomas Ander- 
son, February 8, 1864, mustered out Sep- 
tember I, 1865. David Anderson, Feb- 
ruary 29, 1864, mustered out September 
I, 1865. John L. Butler, November 5, 

1863, mustered out September i, 18615. 
Arthur B. Bixler, August 14, 1863, mus- 
tered out September i, 1865. Christian 
J. Bixler, September 30, 1864, transferred 
to company ''F," September 24, 1864; 
mustered out with company, Aug. i, 186:5. 
Wm. L Bonwell, February 29, 1864, 
transferred to company F, September 
24, 1S64; killed by the Indians at the 
Platte River Bridge, Dakotah territory, 
June 3, 1865. George Bonwell, February 
22, 1864, mustered out September i, 1S65. 
Wiot H. Clark, February 10, 1864, trans- 
ferred to company "M," April iS, 1864; 
promoted first sergeant April — , 1864; 
mustered out with company September 
26, 1865. Henry C. Connor, February 
22, 1864, Transferred to company "I," 
September 24, 1864; mustered out with 
company September 26, 1865. Lyman G. 
Cook, March 30, 1864, transferred to 



company "M," April iS, 1864; promoted 
sergeant April 20, 1864; deserted at La 
Grange, Missouri. Robert Drake, Feb- 
ruary 29, 1864, mustered out September i, 
1865. Warren Davis, August 17, iS6j., 
transferred to company "H," September 
24, 1864. James C. Doran, February 16, 

1864, mustered out with company Sep- 
tember 13, 1865. Joseph A. Dunmire, 
March 31, 1S64, transferred to company 
"M," April 18, 1864; mustered out with 
company, September 26, 1864. David R. 
Frost, November 5, 1863, mustered out 
June 28, 1865. Wm. Grimsley, Novem- 
ber 5, 1863, mustered out September i, 
1S65. Abrahain Grimsley, August 14, 
1863, died August 3, 1864, Lawrence, 
Kansas, of wounds received by accidental 
discharge of revolver. Lewis Haver, 
March, 4, 1864, transferred to company 
"M," April 18, 1864; promoted quarter- 
master sergeant, April 20, 1864; mustered 
out with company September 26, 1865. 
John H. Johnson, August 14, 1863, mus- 
tered out September i, 1863. David G. 
Lewis, August 14, 1863, mustered out 
Septeiiiber 1, 1865. John S. Lewis, Jan- 
uary 21, 1864, mustered out September i, 

1865. Joseph A. Miller, November 5, 

1863, mustered out Septeniber i, 1865. 
James McCaw, February 27, 1864, mus- 
tered out September I, 1865. Ones Mann, 
March 30, 1864, transferred to company 
"M,5' April 18, 1864; mustered out with 
company September 26, 1S65. David A. 
McCaw, February 27, 1864, mustered out 
September i, 1865. James A. Porter, 
August 14, 1864, transferred to company 
"I," September 24, 1864; killed by In- 
dians in action July 26, 1865, Platte 
Bridge, D. T. Peter P. Phillips, (enlist- 
ed) September 10, 1863, deserted Kansas 
City, Missouri, November3. 1S63. Jacob 
G. Shoeck, April 14, 1863, mustered out 
September i, 1865. Thomas Smith, 
April 14, 1863, mustered out September 
I, 1865. Albert D. Shockley, January 27, 

1864, mustered out September i, 1865. 
Ira Scott, August 14, 1S64, transferred to 
company "I," September 24, 1864; mus- 
tered out with company September 26, 
186 V 



ANNALS OF EMPORIA AND LVON COUNTY. 



99 



Company F. Tlie rush of new people that came 

Willet W. Bixler, September i6, 1864, in from about 1S6S to 1S72 fixed the 

mustered out with company August x\, ^„ .;.,., „r tu . r,. j 1 

^ ■' ^ -^ ' destmvot the town. It made such 

1805. . ■ . , 

Company //. Strides in those years that the old 

u I, Tj c » u o/- settlers heijan to believe it was to 

Hugh Brown, September 15, 1862, mus- *^ 

tered out with company September 13, be a large town, and few predicted 

1S65. less than twenty Hve thousand in- 

Compaiiy K. habitants at the end of. the first 

Andrew Baker, Augusts, 1864, wound- quarter of a century. In this the 

ed in action, July 26, iSCs, Platte Bridge, ^„^ ,,- , , .. j 1 ^ 

^ ^ / . : J^ optomists were disappointed, but 

1). 1.; mustered out with company Sep- . 

tember 13, 1S65. Andrew J Martin, Oc- ^t. 11, when everything is counted, 

toberg, 1S64, mustered out with company i^" ^re well satisfied with the town 

September 13, 1S65. in all respects. Again in 1S79 to 

1881, there was rapid development. 

^^ In 1879 there were one hundred 

and eighty four buildings erected. 

Resume That year and in iSSo many of the 

most substantial structures of the 
From the small beginnings to town were erected and gave a per- 
date, we must conclude Emporia manent appearance to everything, 
has done as well as any town in the Faith in the town was buoy- 
state, and tar better than most of ant, and the effect was elevat- 
those that started in the race with ing, and the accumulating bank 
her. She never had what might be accounts began to l)e in evidence, 
called a boom, but has ktpt a steady The hobbledehoy days were pass- 
anrl healthy pace, equal to the sur- ing, and the lines which money 
roundings and advantages she en- draws in social afVairs became 
joyed. Today she is regarded by plainly marked. Some went up 
traveling men and strangers as one and some went down, and equality 
of the handsomest, as well as one has only been restored on the hill 
of the most solid business towns in northwest of town. But amid all 
the state. the changes the Emporian abides his 
While it is the purpose of this fate, makes the best of his environ- 
little work to deal mostly with the ments, and rushes on to do what he 
incidents and personages of the can for the common good. He 
earlier days here, it is mindful that loves his a/wrt tuater. whether it is 
those who came later, and watered of the school, the shop, tlie store, 
the plant with their money, energy or other college. He believes in 
antl toil, are deserving of equal Emporia. The occasional brother 
praise. They helped make matters or sister who tails from the ranks 
better and brighter, and brought to stray to other fields is regarded 
the prosperity which made the city more with jiity than envy or wrath, 
and country wh.it they are today. Sooner or later he or she comes 



lOO 



ANNALS OF EMPORIA AND LYON COUNTY 



back to find a most hearty welcome. 
The good old town marches on, and 
will continue to hold her place in 
the ranks as a leader in educational, 
political and industrial circles. She 
has had a large influence in state 
affairs during her career, and has 
filled many important positions, 
among which is a United States 
senator, a member of the state 
supreme court, attorney general, 
railroad commissioner for three 
terms, state auditor, lieutenant gov- 
ernor, speaker of the house three 
times, several colonels in the war, 
and has today scattered over the 
country her sons in various high 
places in railroad work, in editorial 
positions and educational places. 
She has taken the lead in all the 
branches, and her people every- 
where havf? given a good account 
of themselves and held up the ban- 
ner of Emporia in a most creditable 
manner. No wonder her citizens 
believe in her and are proud of her 
good name and bright record. 

And thus ends the "Old Settler's" 
story. The work has met with 



unexpected delays, and is twice as 
large as planned on the start. The 
mass of facts he has recorded will, 
no doubt, interest the reader and 
will be woven into more pretentious 
history by some one yet to come. 
The sadest fact in the review of the 
first quarter of a century is to think 
of those who have gone and can- 
not see the result of their work. 
The "Old Settler," in passing down 
the western slope toward the shore 
where the boatman awaits to carry 
him across the Styx, raises his hand 
to shade his eye while he looks 
back, thinking of the effort to make 
Emporia and Lyon county a goodly 
town and county, and believes they 
did their work well, and that the 
effect, as it rolls into the eternity of 
human actions, like the waters 
flow to the sea, has been for the 
good of human'ityj "The Old Set- 
tler" trudges on his way and only 
wishes that the affairs of the com- 
munity, as they may pass into new 
hands, will be as well cared for and 
as successfully managed as they 
have been by the "old crowd." 



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